- NAIANT (or NATANT)
- The alternative heraldic terms used when a fish (or occasionally a water-fowl) is shown swimming per fess, usually towards the dexter – natant (see also
‘per fess’ and
Arms and Flag of Nyon, Switzerland (Wikipedia
Flag of Burgäschi, Switzerland (fotw)
- NAIL (or NAILING) ONE’S COLOURS (COLORS or FLAG) TO THE MAST
- In British RN and some other usage, the terms (employed as a metaphor for taking an
irrevocable action) which refers to a ship’s ensign being nailed to the mast before or during
an engagement at sea, thus making it impossible to strike (or lower) it in surrender
(see also ‘strike’).
- NAILS (or NAILING)
- 1) (n) One means by which a colour or parade flag is sometimes fixed – often by a precisely regulated number of nails -
to its staff (see also ‘colour 2)’, ‘colours 2)’,
‘parade flag’, ‘sleeve’, ‘tab’ and
- 2) (adj) The act, sometimes ceremonial, of attaching a colour or parade flag to is its staff by nails.
Infantry Colour, Germany 1936 (fotw)
- A frequent misspelling of the heraldic term “naiant” – see ‘naiant’.
Arms and Flag of Kali, Croatia (fotw)
- NAISSANT (or NASCENT)
- 1) In traditional heraldry the alternative heraldic terms used when a charge or figure is issuing from the middle of an ordinary – but see 2) below and ‘issuant’ (also ‘ordinary’).
2) In modern heraldry the term often used when a charge or figure is emerging from the side (usually the sinister) of a shield, quarter, banner of arms or flag (see also ‘banner of arms’, ‘quarter’ and ‘sinister’).
Flag of Kalbe upon Milde, Germany (fotw);
Arms of Ostrów Wielkopolski, Poland (fotw);
Flag of Chavannes-sur-Moudon, Switzerland (fotw)
- NAME PENNANT
- The term for a flag or pennant that bears the name of a ship or possibly
a shipping company or an institution – an
The John Gibson, Barque, Nova Scotia, 1875 (fotw)
a) The (often unofficial) practice
of flying such a flag or pennant aboard ship began in the 19th Century, and could
now be largely (but certainly not entirely) obsolete.
b) The practice of displaying a name pennant is continued by some universities
in the US - particularly at sporting venues (see also
‘institutional flags (unofficial)’
and ‘sports flag 2)’).
- NARROW PENNANT
- See ‘masthead pendant’.
Narrow/Masthead Pennant of Norway (fotw)
- NATIONAL ARMS (or COAT OF ARMS)
- See ‘state arms’ under
National Arms of Venezuela, San Marino,
- NATIONAL BANNER
- See ‘banner 8)’.
- NATIONAL COLOUR (or COLOR)
- 1) See ‘colour 2)’.
- 2) Where only one colour is selected (generally one appearing on the flag)
to be the national colour, as in for example the Rhododendron Red of
National Colour (Army and Air Force), US (fotw)
- NATIONAL COLOURS (or COLORS)
- 1) A plural form of ‘colour 2)’
(see also ‘colours 4)’).
- 2) Usually the two or three principal colours of a national flag - for example,
the blue, white and red / red, white and blue of France and the US, or the red and white of Poland - landesfarben (see
‘roundel 1)’, ‘sash
‘state colours 3)’).
Colour of the Royal Navy 1939 – 1952, UK (fotw); National Colours of Italy, the US, France and Poland
Please note with regard to 2) that the colours concerned need not necessarily be those of the relevant national flag,
as in for example, the green chosen by Slovenia or the Australian national sporting colours of green and gold.
- NATIONAL EMBLEM
- See ‘emblem, state, national or Royal’ under ‘emblem’.
National Emblem of the Georgian SSR 1922 – 1990 (fotw);
National Emblem of the Byelorussian SSR c1920 – 1991 (fotw);
National Emblem of the Kazakhstan SSR 1937 – 1992 (fotw)
- NATIONAL FLAG
- 1) A flag that represents an independent state, especially a nation-state.
- 2) A flag of a formerly independent state or of a non-independent national
group (see also ‘tribal flag’)
- 3) That flag which is generally thought of as representing a state when specific
circumstances of display are not considered – for example, some flag books might give
a plain tricolour with stars as the national flag of Venezuela, whilst others may
show the flag with arms as illustrated below (see also ‘tricolour 1)’).
National Flag of Andorra;
National/Civil Flags, Venezuela (fotw);
National Flag of Liechtenstein (fotw)
a) In some countries the national
flag is available for use by all citizens. In other countries, however, the national
flag is restricted to official use by law or custom, with a variant of it as a
civil flag for use by private citizens.
b) The national flag
may have other variants with specific uses on land and/or sea, and that these
are herein listed separately according to type (see also those flags listed under
‘ensign’, as well as
‘civil flag’, ‘jack’,
‘state flag’ and
- NATIONAL ORNAMENT
- AA decorative strip (usually placed along he hoist of a flag) intended to represent
a folk or traditional element of national culture, and particularly prevalent
among Eastern Slavic and Siberian states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan and Mariy
El – see ‘folklore ornament/a>’.
National Flag of Kazakhstan (fotw); National Flag of
Belarus (fotw); Flag of
Mariy El, Russian Federations (fotw)
- NATIONAL PENNANT (or WIMPEL)
- See ‘wimpel 1)’.
The National Pennant/Wimpel of Norway (fotw & CS)
- NATIONAL SERVICE FLAG (or BANNER)
- See ‘service flag 4)’.
National Service/Sons in Service Flags US (fotw)
- NATIONAL SYMBOLS
- Those things, usually established by law, which have been adopted as being symbolic of a
country, these may include the national flag, national coat of arms, emblem or seal, the
national colours, the national anthem and possibly a plant, fruit, animal and/or a bird etc.
(see also ‘national colours 2)’ and
‘state symbols 2)’).
Some National Symbols of
Jamaica: National Flag, National Arms, National Bird (fotw and Official Website)
- NATIONALLY-CANTONED FLAG
- See ‘canton flag’.
Joint Service Flag, Jordan (fotw)
- In heraldry see ‘proper’.
Arms and Flag of New York, US (fotw)
- NAVAL CROWN
- A crown generally (but not exclusively) formed from the sterns and square
sails of ships placed upon a circle or fillet, and loosely based on an ancient
Roman triumphal ornament of the same name (see also
‘mural crown 1)’ and
Naval crowns (Wikipedia)
- NAVAL ENSIGN
- See under ‘ensign’.
Naval Ensigns: Croatia,
Japan and the UK (fotw)
- NAVAL ENSIGN OF HONOUR
- See under ‘ensign of honour’.
Naval Ensign of Honour, Yugoslavia 1949 – 1991 (fotw)
- NAVAL FLAG
- 1) Generically any flag or pennant used in a solely naval environment.
- 2) Specifically flags such as jacks, masthead pennants, signal flags, rank flags and ensigns,
except where the latter is also the national flag/war flag, flown exclusively by naval vessels and
naval shore establishments (see also
‘naval ensign’ under
and ‘suit of colours’).
Naval Jack of Spain (fotw); Naval Ensign of
Signal Flag Numeral 1 in the RN/USN/NATO Code (fotw);
Flag of the Supreme High-commander (1950-1992), Soviet Union (fotw)
Please note that the Editors consider the generic
definition in 1) as too broad to be employed with any accuracy and that the various flags/pennants
listed in definition 2) and defined separately herein, should be preferred in description.
- NAVAL JACK
- See under ‘jack’).
Naval Jack of Russia (fotw);
Naval Jack of Croatia (fotw);
Naval Jack of Norway (fotw);
Naval Jack of Cuba (fotw)
- NAVY FLAG
- See ‘branch of service flag’
(also ‘armed services flag’
and ‘naval ensign’ under ‘ensign’).
Navy Flag, Thailand (fotw);
Navy Flag, The Philippines (fotw);
Navy Flag, Venezuela (fotw);
Navy Flag, Colombia (fotw)