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Dictionary of Vexillology: S (Scallop Shell - Scythian Cap)
Last modified: 2019-06-13 by rob raeside
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In heraldry see ‘escallop’.
and Arms of
Morissen, Switzerland (fotw &
1) (adj) Where the edges of a flag are cut into repeated semi-circular shapes
- an indented edge.
2) (adj) The term may also be used when the top edge of a shield is seen with two (or more) semi-circular cut-outs
(see also ‘shield’).
Example; Two Merchant Flags, Portugal 16th/17th Century (fotw)
Please note however, that a division line within
a flag or shield is not scalloped, but is more correctly described as either engrailed
or invected (see ‘engrailed’ and
A cross with arms of equal width, whose horizontal arm runs along the centre
of the flag, but whose vertical arm is off-centred towards the hoist – a Nordic,
or off-centred Cross.
National Flag of Norway (fotw); National Flag of
Sweden (fotw); Åland Islands,
Finland (fotw); Shetland Islands, Scotland (fotw);
Unofficial Flag of Swedish People of Finnish Descent
Please note that this term should only be used for those flags which are
from, or have a connection with the Scandinavian region, otherwise see
‘off-centred cross 2)’
SCANDINAVIAN-TYPE (or SCANDINAVIAN-STYLE) CROSS
See ‘off-centred cross 2)’.
Flag of Stavropol, Russia (fotw)
SCARF (or SCARVES)
The heraldic term for a (or the) small ecclesiastical banner (or banners) fixed to the top of a bishop’s crosier (see
also ‘banderole’), ‘crozier’ and ’stringed’).
Flag and Arms of Světlá , Czechia (fotw);
Flag of Abtwil, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of
Vila Nova de Sao Bento, Portugal (fotw)
SCEPTRE (or SCEPTER)
A symbolic/ornamental rod or wand, and largely (but by no means exclusively) the
symbol of a monarch’s temporal power (see also ‘crown’ and
Flag and Arms of Montenegro (fotw); Flag of
Engelberg, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of
See 'tugh 1)’ and its following note.
Source: National Music Museum, used with permission
See ‘cross pattée’ and
1) A type of flag, now obsolete, which shows a strip along its top edge
that extends beyond the fly to become a tongue (see also ‘engrailed fly’,
‘stepped fly’ and
2) A form of flag where a triangular tongue extends from the upper fly corner of the flag – but see note a) below.
3) The tail or tongue as described above.
15th C Flag of Zurich, Switzerland (CS);
Flag of Tetouan, Morocco 1968 - 1976 (fotw);
Flag of Beni Mellal, Morocco 1968 – 1976 (fotw)
a) With regard to 2), the Editors suggest that the term “tongue”(as referenced above) should be used where this projection forms an integral part of the flag as referenced above and illustrated below.
b) Definition 3) is based upon the original German this term refers only to the tail.
Flag of Wloclawek City, Poland (fotw)
The term for an oriental sword with a single-edged curved blade and plain cross guard, whose blade is often seen widening from hilt to tip – but see ‘sabre’ and its following note.
State Arms of Finland (fotw); Flag and
Virovitica, Croatia (fotw); Flag and Arms of
Charneca, Portugal (fotw)
A term for the representation of an animal or engine-driven device for the lifting of water from one level to another (see also ‘waterwheel’ and ‘windmill).
Flag of Santa Comba, Portugal (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Friúmes e Paradela, Portugal (ICH & fotw);
Arms and flag of Bensafrim, Portugal (ICH & fotw)
See ‘St Andrew's Cross 2)’.
National flag of Scotland (fotw)
A usually narrow ribbon of varying length and elaboration; it is normally
(but not exclusively) placed below the shield in a set of armorial bearings or
an emblem, and is inscribed with a motto or the name of a state or other
entity – a ribbon – but see ‘ribbon scroll 2)’
(also ‘Appendix IV’,
‘coat of arms’,
The Presidential Flag and National Emblem of Brazil (fotw); The National Flag and Emblem of
Brunei (fotw); The Flag and Arms of The State of
New Jersey, US (fotw)
See ‘cap of liberty’.
Flag of Pereira, Chile (io9.com)
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