- A heraldic term used when an ordinary, such as a bar, fess or chevron, is broken in one or more places
(see also ‘ordinary’).
Leuggelbach, Switzerland (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Markvartice, Czechia (fotw)
- 1) The wood or metal bar by which the top edge of a flag is held – but see
‘framed flag 1)’ below (also
- 2) In largely (but increasingly obsolete) maritime usage, this term may also describe the rod (attached to a
ship’s mast or yard by lines) that is inserted into the heading of a streamer or pennant in order to stiffen it
at the hoist – but see ‘headstick’ (also
‘command pennant’ with following notes,
‘streamer 2)’ and
- FRAMED FLAG
- 1) A flag that is designed to be attached both along its hoist to the staff, and along
its top to a side-mounted cross-bar sometimes (mistakenly) called a gonfalon - see
‘gonfalon 1)’ (also
‘cross bar’, ‘frame’ above
and ‘staff 2)’.
- 2) See ‘outrigger flag’.
Flag of Verhnya Bilka,
Guta and Zhidachev, Ukraine (fotw)
- FRAMED WIMPEL(S)
- See ‘flüger’).
Framed Wimpel/Flüger of the Hamburg Customs Flag (Klaus-Michael Schneider)
- FRANKLIN FLAG
- An early (unofficial but used and with a variation in the order of the
stripe’s colours - quite widely reproduced) pattern of the stars and stripes – the Serapis flag (see also
‘Betsy Ross flag’,
‘great star flags’,
‘star-spangled banner’ and
‘stars and stripes’).
The Franklin Pattern of Stars and Stripes and Variation, 1778 (fotw &
Please note that this flag was first detailed by Benjamin Franklin whilst ambassador to Paris, flown in European waters by John Paul Jones and aboard the captured HMS Serapis, and was one of the first versions to gain international recognition
- FRENCH SHIELD
- The term, and a literal translation of Französischer Schild, sometimes used in German language vexillology
to describe a rectangular shield – see ‘rectangular shield’.
Please note that several of the terms giving shields a national identity, as well as those describing a
specific type, are still in the process of standardization, and that no consistent approach has thus far been identified.
- The heraldic term for a figure composed of two diagonal bendlets interlaced with a mascle
(or voided lozenge), and meant to represent a section of fishing net
(see also ‘bendlet’ and
Flag and Arms of Karmřy, Norway (fotw);
Flag of Mont-de-l’Enclus, Belgium (fotw )
- An alternative heraldic term for interlaced - see ‘interlaced’.
Flag and Arms of Sveta Nedelja, Croatia (fotw)
- FRETTY (FRETE or FRETTÉ)
- Alternative heraldic terms for a pattern of interlaced bars forming a diagonal trellis either overlapped or
joined – but see ‘latticed’ (also ‘interlaced’).
Arms of Murtosa, Portugal (fotw);
Flag of Oulens-sous-Echallens, Switzerland (fotw);
Arms of Săo Joăo do Campo, Portugal (fotw)
- FRIENDSHIP FLAG
- A term that is used when two or more flag designs are combined into a single entity –
a cut-and-paste flag (see also ‘combined flag’,
‘union flag 1)’ and
US-Canada Friendship Flag (fotw);
US, Canada and Mexico Friendship Flag (fotw);
US-UK Friendship Flag (fotw)
- A decoration of twisted thread and/or metal often (but not invariably) attached to edges of
a military colour, or of a flag intended
for ceremonial and/or indoor use (see also ‘colour 2)’,
and ‘parade flag’).
Presidential standard of Kyrgyzstan (fotw); Indoor/Parade Flag of the
Secretary of the Army, US (fotw); Colour of the
Royal Guard 1904 – 1908, Serbia (fotw)
- In traditional heraldry the term used when a plant or the branch of a tree
or the tree itself is bearing fruit,
and generally shown in another
tincture - but see ‘fruited’ (also ‘leaved’ and ‘tincture’).
Ependes, Switzerland (fotw); Arms of
Runovići, Croatia (fotw); Flag of
Wileroltigen, Switzerland (fotw)
- In modern heraldry and in vexillology, the term used when a plant or tree is bearing fruit
- but see ‘fructed’.
Flag of Pinheiro de Ázere, Portugal (fotw)
- FULL ACHIEVEMENT OF ARMS
- See 'achievement of arms' and
The Achievement of Arms/Armorial Bearings of the Late Sir Winston Churchill, UK (Churchill Society);
Achievement of Arms/Armorial Bearings of Bahamas (fotw)
- FULL DRESSING
- 1) See ‘dress ship, to 1)’
and ‘dress ship, to 4)’.
- 2) See ‘dressing overall 2)’
and ‘dressing overall 3)’.
A Warship of the South African Navy Dressed Overall (Andries Burgers)
- FULL MAST (or FULL STAFF) A FLAG
- (v & adj) To fly a flag in its normal position right up to the truck, a term
generally used after a flag has spent a mourning period at half mast (see also
‘flag pole’, ‘half mast’
- FULL MOON
- See ‘disk’, ‘moon 2)’ with following note and ‘per complement’.
Flag of Shan, Myanmar (fotw)
- FUNERAL ACHIEVEMENT
- See ‘achievement of arms 2)’.
Funeral Achievement/Armorial Bearings of the Late Sir Winston Churchill, UK (Churchill Society)
- FUNERAL FLAGS (or PENNANTS)
- 1) In US usage, those flags or pennants flown from the cars in a funeral cortege or procession, in order to
facilitate keeping that cortege together and to help other drivers avoid breaking
into it, not to be confused with a pall flag or with mourning flags (see also
‘mourning flag’ and
‘pall flag’, together with
- 2) The term may also be used to describe those flags – often draped with a mourning ribbon – that are carried
in a funeral cortege (see also ‘draping’,
‘cravat 2)’ and
Some Funeral Flags, US (fotw)
- 1) (v) To wind (roll up) a colour or parade flag around its staff before
it is cased – usually done with ceremony (see also
‘colour (2)’ and
‘parade flag’ 2)).
- 2) (adj) A flag is considered furled when hoisted in a rolled and/or folded
condition prior to being broken out at the truck – see
‘break a flag’ (also
- In heraldry see ‘ermine’,
Ermine, Potent and Vair.
- FUSELAGE MARKING
- 1) The term sometimes used to describe a non-circular emblem of nationality
employed by some nations in the same way and for the same purpose as a roundel – but
see the note below, ‘roundel 1)’ and
‘wing marking(s) 1)’
‘iron cross’ and
2) See ‘roundel 1)’.
Fuselage/Wing Marking of
Botswana (fotw); Fuselage/Wing Marking of The Philippines
(fotw); Fuselage/Wing Marking of
a) The term “fuselage” only refers to the body of an aircraft and to
those markings that appear thereon, so when these same emblems appear on the wings of
an aircraft they are properly called “wing markings”.
types of aircraft the description “ fuselage” can (technically speaking) include their
tail plane/fin, but that the term given above should never be used to describe any
markings shown thereon – see ‘fin flash’.
- The heraldic term for an elongated lozenge - see ‘lozenge 2)’
(also ‘square lozenge’).
Arms and Flag of Boldecker Land, Germany (fotw)
- An alternative heraldic term for lozengy - see ‘lozengy 1)’.
Shield and Flag of the South Georgia and the Sandwich Islands
- FUSILLY BENDY (or BENDY SINISTER)
- In heraldry see ‘lozengy bendy’.
Flag of the State of
Bavaria, Germany (fotw)
- See ‘swastika’.
Flag of the Canadian Nazi Party 1933 – 1938 (fotw)