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Dictionary of Vexillology: C (Cross of Anjou - Cross of Victory)

Last modified: 2017-09-16 by rob raeside
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CROSS OF ANJOU
See ‘cross of Lorraine’.

cross of anjou
Presidential Standard 1959 – 1969, France (fotw)


CROSS OF ATHLETICS
The term, and a colloquial translation of the German “turnerkreuz”, which may be used to describe a cross formed from four capital letter F's and is thus voided – an athletics' or athletic cross (see also ‘cross 1)’, ‘cross-voided’ in ‘appendix VIII’ and ‘voided’).

Albis Steam Shipping Darmstádter Turngemeinde 1844 Ditmarsia Kiel Rowing Club
Flag of the Albis Steam Shipping Company 1897, Germany; Flag of the Darmstádter Turngemeinde 1844, Germany; Flag of the Ditmarsia Kiel Rowing Club, Germany (Klaus-Michael Schneider)


CROSS OF AVIS
See ‘avis cross’.

Avis Cross Avis Cross Avis Cross
Putative Banner of Arms of the Avis Order, Portugal (fotw); Arms and Flag of Alandroal, Portugal (ICH & fotw)


CROSS OF BURGUNDY
See ‘ragged cross’.

Spanish Infantry colour ca 1600
Spanish Infantry Colour c1600 (fotw)


CROSS OF CALATRAVA
A symbol of the Spanish Order of Calatrava and a particularly Hispanic form of the cross fleury - an Iberian cross – see ‘cross fleury’ (see also ‘avis cross’).

Almagro, Spain Almagro, Spain Malagón, Spain Malagón, Spain
Flag and Arms of Almagro, Spain (fotw & ICH); Flag and Arms of Malagón, Spain (fotw & ICH)


CROSS OF CALVARY (or CROSS OF CRUCIFIXION)
The heraldic term for a Latin cross that does not usually (although it may) extend to the edges of a shield, flag, panel or flag, but which is mounted on three steps – a cross of crucifixion, Calvary cross or Calvary - see ‘Latin cross’.

Calvary cross Calvary cross Calvary cross Calvary cross Calvary cross
Cross of Calvary Example; Flag of Geraardsbergen, Belgium (fotw); Flag of Fulleda, Spain (fotw); Arms and Flag of Madalena, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS OF EIGHT POINTS
See ‘Maltese cross’.

cross of eight points cross of eight points
Arms and Flag of Poiares e Canelas, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS OF LORRAINE
A cross in which two horizontal arms cross the vertical arm, and currently seen on the arms and alternative national flag of Hungary, the arms and national flag of Slovakia plus the arms and state flag of Lithuania ¬ a cross patriarchal, patriarchal cross, archiepiscopal cross or cross of Anjou, a double or double-armed cross, Jagiellonian cross or Vytis cross (see also ‘armorial bearings’, ‘cross 2)’, ‘national flag 1)’ ‘one-and-a-half armed cross’, ‘orthodox cross’, papal cross’, ‘two-and-a-half armed cross’ and ‘state flag 1)’).

Free France 1940-44 Slovakia Slovakia Arms Hungary state flag State Arms of Hungary
From left: The Flag of Free France 1940-44; The National Flag and Arms of Slovakia; The State Flag and Arms of Hungary (fotw)

Please note that the terms cross of Lorraine, cross of Anjou, cross patriarchal and archiepiscopal cross are now considered interchangeable, however, in strict usage the crosses of Lorraine and Anjou (unlike the others) should both have horizontal arms of equal length. see supplemental note

[Cross of Lorraine]
Cross of Lorraine According to Strict Usage


CROSS OF ST ANDREW
See ‘St Andrew’s Cross

Scotland
National Flag of Scotland (fotw)


CROSS OF ST ANTHONY
In heraldry see ‘cross tau’.

St. Antönien, Switzerland St Antönien-Ascharina, Switzerland
Arms and Flag of St. Antönien-Ascharina, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw)


CROSS OF ST GEORGE
See ‘St George’s Cross’

[England]
Flag of England (fotw)


CROSS OF ST JAMES
See ‘cross of Santiago’.

[Cross of St. James] [Cross of St. James]
Flag and Arms of Algorfa, Spain (fotw)


CROSS OF ST PATRICK
See ‘St Patrick’s Cross


CROSS OF SANTIAGO
The sword-like cross of the Spanish/Portuguese Order of St James – a cross fleury fitchy – see ‘cross fitchy’ and ‘cross fleury’.

arms - Order of Santiago flag - Santiago-Sesimbra, Portugal arms - Santiago-Sesimbra, Portugal flag - Quinta do Conde, Portugal arms - Quinta do Conde, Portugal


CROSS OF THE ORDER OF ST JAMES
See ‘Cross of Santiago


Flag and Arms of Ferreira do Alentejo, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS OF THE ORDER OF SANTO DOMINGO (or CROSS OF THE ORDER OF ST DOMINIC)
See ‘Dominican cross’.

cross - Order of Santo Domingo cross - Order of Santo Domingo
Putative Dominican Banner of Arms (fotw); Flag of Aldeanueva de Santa Cruz, Spain (fotw)


CROSS OF THE ORDER OF THE KNIGHTS OF CHRIST (CROSS OF THE ORDER OF CHRIST or CROSS OF THE ORDER OF CHRIST’S KNIGHTS)
A red cross pattée surmounted by a white Greek Cross being the former symbol of the medieval Iberian Order of the Knights of Christ (Ordem dos Cavaleiros de Cristo) which now forms the air force roundel of Portugal, and is often seen on the sub-national flags of both Portugal and Spain – a Cross of the Order of Christ, a Cross of the Order of Christ's Knights or a Christ’s Knight’s Cross - but see note below (also ‘cross pattée’, ‘Greek Cross 2)’, ‘roundel 1)’, ‘surmounted by’ and ‘voided

Madeira, Portugal Madeira, Portugal Ladoeiro, Portugal Ladoeiro, Portugal Institute for Civil Aviation, Portugal 
Air Force Roundel, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Madeira, Portugal (fotw); Arms and flag of Ladoeiro, Portugal (fotw); Flag of the Institute for Civil Aviation, Portugal (fotw)

Notes
a)
This not a voided cross, but is properly described in heraldic terms as “a cross pattée Gules surmounted by a Latin cross-couped Argent” - as described and referenced above.
b) Later variants may be based upon a Latin rather that a Greek Cross as in the examples shown below (see ‘Latin cross’).

Brazilian Order of Christ Săo Paulo Săo Paulo
Cross and Star of the Brazilian Order of Christ (Wiki); Arms of Guetim, Portugal (Sergio Horta); Flag of Săo Paulo, Brazil (fotw)


CROSS OF (THE ORDER OF) ST JOHN OF JERUSALEM
See ‘Maltese cross’.

Maltese cross  Maltese cross  Maltese cross
Flag of St John's Ambulance Brigade, (fotw); Arms and Flag of Ivanec, Croatia (fotw)


CROSS OF THE PORTUGUESE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
See ‘rounded cross’.

rounded cross Outeiro Major, Portugal Outeiro Major, Portigal
Putative Banner of the Portuguese Knights Templar (fotw); Arms and Flag of Outeiro Major, Portugal (Sérgio Horta)


CROSS OF TOULOUSE
See ‘Occitan cross’.

Cross of Toulouse Cross of Toulouse
Flag and Arms of Languedoc, France (fotw & Wikipedia)


CROSS OF VICTORY
In Spanish, particularly Asturian, usage, a form of the cross bottony (most often a Latin cross bottony) – see ‘cross botonny’ and ‘Latin cross’.

Asturias Gozon Gozon Cross of Victory Cross of Victory
Flag and Arms of Asturias, Spain (fotw & ICH); Flag of Gozón, Spain (fotw); Flag and Arms of Matadeón de los Oteros, Spain (vexileon.org)


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