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Dictionary of Vexillology: C (Cross Fitchy - Cross Moline)

Last modified: 2017-11-28 by rob raeside
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CROSS FITCHY
The heraldic term for a cross which does not usually extend to the edges of a shield, flag, canton or panel, and which may have plain or decorated ends, but whose vertical arm comes to a point at its base (see also ‘avis cross’, ‘cross 2)’, ‘cross of Calatrava’ and ‘cross of Santiago’).

cross-fitchy example cross-fitchy example Bernissart, Belgium Bernissart, Belgium Avinyó, Spain
Crosses Fitchy Examples; Flag and Arms of Bernissart, Belgium (fotw); Flag of Avinyó, Spain (fotw)

Please note that, unless referring to a plain cross this term is always accompanied by a further description, for example a “cross crosslet fitchy”.


CROSS FIXED
See ‘cross 1)’.

fixed cross fixed cross
Flag and Arms of Nijland, The Netherlands (fotw & Wikipedia)


CROSS FLEURY (FLORY, FLORETTY or FLEURONNY)
The heraldic term for a cross which does not usually extend to the edges of a shield, flag, canton or panel, but whose ends are formed by fleur-de-lis – a fleur-de-lis or fleury cross, avis cross or cross of Calatrava (see also ‘cross 2)’, ‘Dominican cross’, ‘fleur-de-lis’ and ‘fleury’ plus ‘cross of Calatrava’).

example Guriezo, Spain Guriezo, Spain Portuguese Legion c1928 – 1974
Cross Fleury Example; Suggested Flag of the Avis Order, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Guriezo, Spain (fotw); Flag of The Portuguese Legion c1928 – 1974 (fotw)


CROSS FLEURY FITCHY
See ‘cross of Santiago’.

example Guriezo, Spain Sao Barnabé, Portugal Sao Barnabé, Portugal
Arms and Flag of Quinta do Conde, Portugal (fotw); Arms and Flag of São Barnabé, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS FLEURY GIRONNY
See ‘Dominican cross’.

cross fleury gironny cross fleury gironny
Flag of Aldeanueva de Santa Cruz, Spain (fotw)


CROSS FORMÉE (FORMÉ or FORMY)
See ‘cross pattée’.

cross formee cross formee
Arms and Flag of Albisrieden, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw)


CROSS FOURCHÉ (or FOURCHÉE)
The heraldic term used when a cross (of whatever type) has forked ends – a cross fourchee but see ‘cross moline’ and ‘forked cross’ (also ‘fourche’).

cross fourche cross fourche cross fourche cross fourche
Flag and Arms of Salgesch, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Heyen, Germany (Klaus-Michael Schneider and Wikipedia)


CROSS FORMY ROUNDED
See ‘rounded cross’.

cross formy rounded cross formy rounded
Arms and Flag of Paços de Ferreira, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS-FUSILLY
See ‘cross-clechée’.

cross-fusilly cross-fusilly
Arms and Flag of La Tallada d'Empordà, Spain (ICH & fotw)


CROSS GRINGOLÉE
The heraldic term for a snakehead cross - see ‘snakehead cross’.

cross gringolee
(Wikipedia)


CROSS GYRONNY
The heraldic term for a cross that may or may not extend to the edges of a shield, flag or panel, but is composed of two tinctures meeting at the centre point and alternating either side of the vertical and horizontal meridians (thus giving it a three-dimensional appearance) – a gyronny cross - see ‘gyronny’ and compare with ‘cross-counterchanged (also ‘Dominican cross’, ‘faceted’ and ‘tincture’).


From left: Cross Gyronny Example; Flag and Arms of Kreis Safien, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Studnice, Czech Republic (fotw)

Notes
a) Unless describing a plain cross throughout, this term should always be accompanied by a further description, for example a “cross fleury gyronny couped”.
b) A cross whose centre is obscured by a charge (as illustrated below) could be described as either a cross gyronny or a cross-counterchanged, however, the term ‘cross quartered’ has now come into use - see ‘cross quartered’.


Flag of Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain (Klaus-Michael Schneider)


CROSS HUMETTY
See ‘Greek cross 2)’ (also ‘cross-couped’).

cross humetty cross humetty
National Ensign and Arms of Switzerland (fotw)


CROSS-LOZENGY
See ‘cross clechée’.

example example
Flag and Arms of Verdal, Norway (Tomislav Šipek)


CROSS MALTESE
See ‘Maltese cross’.

maltese cross
Flag of Hvozd, Czech Republic (fotw)


CROSS MOLINE
The heraldic term for a cross which does not usually extend to the edges of a shield, flag, canton or panel, but whose ends are split into two curved pieces – an anchor or moline cross (see also ‘cross 2)’, ‘cross fourche’, ‘fourche’ and ‘snakehead cross’).


From left: Cross Moline Example; Flag of Annœullin, France (fotw); Arms and Flag of Torsken, Norway (fotw)


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