- FLAMANT (or FLAMBANT)
- The alternative heraldic terms used to describe burning - flambant – see
Flag of Ohníč, Czechia (fotw); Arms of Ivanska, Croatia (fotw);
Flag of Belpberg, Switzerland (fotw)
- FLAMED (or FLAMING)
- In heraldry see ‘inflamed’ and ‘incensed’
Arms and Flag of
Il-Kalkara, Malta (fotw)
- FLAMED GYRONNY
- See ‘flammes 1)’.
Colour of the
Regiment Reding, Spain, c1740 (fotw)
- See ‘flammes’,
Colour of the 1st Sea Battalion, Germany c1900 (Klaus-Michael Schneider);
Flag of Csepel, Hungary (fotw); Flag of a
General Officer, Austria (fotw)
- FLAMING (FLAMED or FLAMY) SWORD
- The terms for a sword whose blade is either wavy to represent fire, or surrounded by flames, and usually (but not invariably) intended to have religious significance (see also ‘sword’).
Flag and Arms of Obora, Czechia (fotw);
Flag of Vracovice, Czechia (fotw)
- FLAMME DE BOEUF
- See ‘bullock pennant’.
- FLAMME DE FOURRAGÈRE
- A "flame of fodder/fodder flame" and the French term for a lanyard pennant - see‘lanyard pennant’.
Flamme de Fourragère/Lanyard Pennant for Six Citations of the Légion d'Honneur - Overseas Operations, France (fotw)
- FLAMME DE GUERRE
- A “flame of war/war flame”, and the French term for a masthead pennant - see ‘masthead pennant 1)’.
Flamme de Guerre/Masthead Pennant of France (fotw)
- 1) The term that is used to describe a series of long wavy-edged (that is
flame-like) triangles, which radiate from a central point to the edges of a
flag, and historically, a characteristic of Swiss military regiments in
foreign service – a gyronny wavy or flamed gyronny – see ‘gyronny’ (also
‘pile(s) wavy 1)’,
and ‘wavy flame’).
- 2) This term may also be used to describe these same flame-like triangles which extend only to the corner
sections of a flag, and typical of historic German military usage – but see ‘pile(s) wavy 1)’.
Colours of Swiss Regiments in Foreign Service: De Meuron,
British Pre-1801 and Reding, French c1760; Colour of the
1st Sea Battalion, Germany c1900 (Klaus-Michael Schneider)
- 1) A late Roman military flag of elongated shape designed to fly horizontally
and split along its entire length.
- 2) A pre-heraldic flag cut into the form of a flame (see also
Please note, at least one source suggests that flammula 1)
might have been two red streamers attached to a lance (see also
- A flame shaped flag edge now characteristic of the Far East, but see also
‘flammula 2))’ above, and ‘flammully’.
Imperial Standard, China c1870 (fotw)
- 1) Specifically in largely Central-European usage, the term for a series of flame-like
(that is wavy-edged) triangular charges, that facing both inward and outward, create a repeating
pattern of colours and form the border of a flag - usually around four edges, but occasionally
along the outer sides or a single edge only (see also ‘border’,
‘flammule’ above, ‘flammully’ and
- 2) Generically as above, but the term may be extended to include a border consisting of triangular
charges (either upright or slanted) whose sides are straight – a zigzag border – but see note below.
Imperial Standard 1828 – 1894, Austria-Hungary (fotw);
Royal Standard of
Yugoslavia 1925? – 1937 (fotw)
Please note with regard to 2) that the term flammulets should
only apply to a border where the triangular charges face both inward and outward, and that
where those charges face only inward the correct term is ‘wolfteeth’.
- FLAMMULLY (or FLAMULLY)
- A term that may be used when there are a number of flame-like projections from a charge or ordinary,
or to describe a border made up of flammulets (see also
Examples (2); Presidential Standard of the Czechia (fotw)
- FLANCHE (or FLAUNCH)
- The alternative heraldic terms for a single charge (as opposed to a pair of charges) as detailed in “flanches”
Arms of Märkisch Buchholz, Germany
- FLANCHES (FLAUNCHES or FLANKS)
- Alterntive heraldic terms for a pair of usually (but not invariably) curved shoulders on either side of a shield, banner of arms or any quartering thereof - flaunches
or flanks (see also ‘banner of arms’
Arms of Green-Templeton College, Oxford, UK (fotw);
Flag of Schönewalde, Germany (fotw);
Arms of Green College 1979 – 2008, Oxford, UK (fotw)
- FLANKED (or FLANKING)
- Military terms sometimes used in vexillology when objects are placed either side of a central charge (see also ‘charge 1)’).
Flag of Barosa, Portugal (fotw);
Arms of Ameixoeira, Portugal (fotw);
Flag of Avô, Portugal (fotw)
- FLAPPING FLAG
- An exact translation of the German terms knatterflagge or knatterfahne –
‘vertically hoisted flag’.
Flapping/Vertically Hoisted Flag of Sankt Wolfgang, Germany (fotw)
- FLASH COLLAR
- A decorative cover sometimes used at the base of an outdoor flagpole.
- FLEUR-DE-LIS (FLEUR DE LYS or FLOWER-DE-LUCE)
- A charge reputedly in the form of a stylized lily, particularly associated
with the former Royal House of France but widely used elsewhere - a fleur de lys, flower-de-luce or heraldic
lily (see also
‘fleur de lis florenee’’,
‘cross fleury’ and
Flag of Sveta Marija, Croatia (fotw);
Royal Banner of France (fotw);
Flag of Podstrana, Croatia (fotw)
Please note that the fleur-de-lis became a symbol of the French monarchy in the early Middle Ages, was amended circa 1350, went out of use after 1792, was restored briefly in 1814, and again between 1815 and 1846.
- FLEUR-DE-LIS/FLEUR DE LYS CROSS (or FLEURY CROSS)
- In heraldry see ‘cross fleury’.
Flag of Guriezo, Spain (fotw)
- FLEUR-DE-LIS/FLEUR DE LYS FLORENÉE (or FLEUR DE LIS/ FLEUR DE LYS ÉPANOUIE)
- The terms used in French heraldry to describe a more elaborate form of this symbol than that used in France – a fleur de lis épanouie see ‘fleur-de-lis’.
Flag of Gradište, Croatia (fotw);
Flag of the City of Florence pre-1251, Italy (fotw);
Flag of Malhadas, Portugal (fotw)
- FLEURY (FLORY, FLORETTY or FLORONNY)
- The alternative heraldic terms used when a charge (or charges) or an ordinary, such as a
cross, baton or bar, is (or are) decorated with fleur-de-lis – flory, floretty or floronny –
(also ‘batons fleury’,
‘double-tressure fleury counter fleury’
Flag of Brislach, Switzerland (fotw);
Flag of Jølster, Norway (fotw);
Royal Banner of Scotland (fotw)
Please note that these terms are never used alone, but always with the charge so
described - for example batons-fleury as illustrated above.
- FLEURY CROSS
- In heraldry see ‘cross fleury’.
Arms and Flag of Batalha, Portugal (fotw)
- FLORENTINE FLEUR DE LIS
- See ‘fleur-de-lis/fleur de lys florenee’.
Arms and Flag of the City of Florence pre-1251, Italy (fotw)
- FLOTILLA COMMAND PENNANT
- See ‘command pennant’.
Flotilla Command Pennant, Sweden (fotw)
- FLÜGER (or FLÜGEL)
- The terms in German language vexillology for a wimpel or wimpels that are stiffened with a frame – see ‘wimpel’.
Flüger of the Hamburg Customs Flag (Klaus-Michael Schneider)
- 1) That edge or section of a flag, which lies opposite to (or furthest from)
the flagpole, mast or staff (see also ‘Appendix I’
- 2) (v) The act of displaying a flag from a flagpole, flag mast or flag staff
(see also 'wear a flag').
- 3) The length of a flag (see also ‘length’).
- FLY EDGE (or FLY END)
- See ‘fly 1)’.
- See ‘chevron 1)’
Flag of Ureterp, The Netherlands (fotw)
Please note that this is an extension of an existing term and has been introduced by the
editors as no established alternative could be found.
- 1) A direct translation of the Dutch term vluchtdiagonaal but see
‘bend sinister’, ‘per bend sinister’ and
‘ascending diagonal 2)’.
- 2) See ‘inclined fly’.
Flag of Klobouky u Brna, Czechia (fotw);
Flag of Poznań County, Poland (fotw)
- See ‘triangle’.
Flag of Cercs, Spain (fotw)
- FLYING ANGEL FLAG
- A term for the flag of The Missions to Seafarers (formerly The Missions to Seamen),
a worldwide missionary and welfare arm of the Anglican Church founded in 1856 (see also
‘bethel flag’ and
A Former Design c1950; Flag of The Missions to Seafarers From 2000, UK (fotw)
- FLYING AT THE LEECH
- See ‘leech’ and its following note (also
- FLYING AT THE PEAK (or AT THE PEAK OF THE GAFF)
- See ‘peak 1)’ and its following notes (also
- FLYING LINE
- A short, weighted length of line that is suspended below a helicopter, other slow
moving aircraft or from the forward stumpmast yardarm of a cargo transit vessel on inland
waterways, used to fly a banner, flag or house flag and with the weight adjusted to the
speed of the craft involved in order to keep it vertical – but see ‘flying rod’ below
(also ‘banner 5)’, 'house flag 1)',
‘stumpmast’ and ‘yardarm’).
Please note that this term (and flying rod below) has been introduced by
the Editors as no existing established term could be found.
- FLYING ROD
- A short, removable rod that is vertically mounted above and/or below the yardarm of a
stumpmast and which is used for the flying of a house flag or pennant, usually aboard cargo transit
craft on inland waterways - but see ‘flying line’ above (also
‘house flag 1)’,
‘stumpmast’ and ‘pennant 2)’ ).
Please note that this term (and flying line above) has been introduced by the
Editors as no existing established term could be found.