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Dictionary of Vexillology: C (Cross Fitchy - Cross Moline)

Last modified: 2018-02-12 by rob raeside
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CROSS FITCHY
The heraldic term for a cross which does not usually extend to the edges of a shield, flag, canton or panel, and which may have plain or decorated ends, but whose vertical arm comes to a point at its base (see also ‘avis cross’, ‘cross 2)’, ‘cross of Calatrava’ and ‘cross of Santiago’).

cross-fitchy example cross-fitchy example Bernissart, Belgium Bernissart, Belgium Avinyó, Spain
Crosses Fitchy Examples; Flag and Arms of Bernissart, Belgium (fotw); Flag of Avinyó, Spain (fotw)

Please note that, unless referring to a plain cross this term is always accompanied by a further description, for example a “cross crosslet fitchy”.


CROSS FIXED
One heraldic term that covers a standard cross - see ‘cross 1)’.

fixed cross fixed cross
Flag and Arms of Nijland, The Netherlands (fotw & Wikipedia)


CROSS FLEURY (FLORY, FLORETTY or FLEURONNY)
The heraldic term for a cross which does not usually extend to the edges of a shield, flag, canton or panel, but whose ends are formed by fleur-de-lis – a fleur-de-lis or fleury cross, avis cross or cross of Calatrava (see also ‘cross 2)’, ‘Dominican cross’, ‘fleur-de-lis’ and ‘fleury’ plus ‘cross of Calatrava’).

example Guriezo, Spain Guriezo, Spain Portuguese Legion c1928 – 1974
Cross Fleury Example; Suggested Flag of the Avis Order, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Guriezo, Spain (fotw); Flag of The Portuguese Legion c1928 – 1974 (fotw)


CROSS FLEURY FITCHY
The heraldic term for a cross of Santiago - see ‘cross of Santiago’.

example Guriezo, Spain Sao Barnabé, Portugal Sao Barnabé, Portugal
Arms and Flag of Quinta do Conde, Portugal (fotw); Arms and Flag of São Barnabé, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS FLEURY GIRONNY
The heraldic term for a Dominican cross - see ‘Dominican cross’.

cross fleury gironny cross fleury gironny
Example; Flag of Aldeanueva de Santa Cruz, Spain (fotw)


CROSS FORMÉE (FORMÉ or FORMY)
In heraldry see ‘cross pattée’.

cross formee cross formee
Arms and Flag of Albisrieden, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw)


CROSS FORMY ROUNDED
A heraldic term for a rounded cross - see ‘rounded cross’.

cross formy rounded cross formy rounded
Arms and Flag of Paços de Ferreira, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS FOURCHÉ (or FOURCHÉE)
The heraldic term used when a cross (of whatever type) has forked ends – a cross fourchee but see ‘cross moline’ and ‘forked cross’ (also ‘fourche’).

cross fourche cross fourche cross fourche cross fourche
Flag and Arms of Salgesch, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Heyen, Germany (Klaus-Michael Schneider and Wikipedia)


CROSS-FUSILLY
In heraldry see ‘cross-clechée’.

cross-fusilly cross-fusilly
Arms and Flag of La Tallada d'Empordà, Spain (ICH & fotw)


CROSS GRINGOLÉE
The heraldic term for a snakehead cross - see ‘snakehead cross’.

cross gringolee
(Wikipedia)


CROSS GYRONNY
The heraldic term for a cross that may or may not extend to the edges of a shield, flag or panel, but is composed of two tinctures meeting at the centre point and alternating either side of the vertical and horizontal meridians (thus giving it a three-dimensional appearance) – a gyronny cross - see ‘gyronny’ and compare with ‘cross-counterchanged (also ‘Dominican cross’, ‘faceted’ and ‘tincture’).


From left: Cross Gyronny Example; Flag and Arms of Kreis Safien, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Studnice, Czech Republic (fotw)

Notes
a) Unless describing a plain cross throughout, this term should always be accompanied by a further description, for example a “cross fleury gyronny couped”.
b) A cross whose centre is obscured by a charge (as illustrated below) could be described as either a cross gyronny or a cross-counterchanged, however, the term ‘cross quartered’ has now come into use - see ‘cross quartered’.


Flag of Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain (Klaus-Michael Schneider)


CROSS HUMETTY
The heraldic term for a Greek cross - see ‘Greek cross 2)’ (also ‘cross-couped’).

cross humetty cross humetty
National Ensign and Arms of Switzerland (fotw)


CROSS-LOZENGY
In heraldry see ‘cross clechée’.

example example
Flag and Arms of Verdal, Norway (fotw)


CROSS MALTESE
The heraldic term for a Maltese cross - see ‘Maltese cross’.

maltese cross maltese cross
Flag and Arms of Hvozd, Czech Republic (fotw)


CROSS MOLINE
The heraldic term for a cross which does not usually extend to the edges of a shield, flag, canton or panel, but whose ends are split into two curved pieces – an anchor or moline cross (see also ‘cross 2)’, ‘cross fourche’, ‘fourche’ and ‘snakehead cross’).


From left: Cross Moline Example; Flag of Annœullin, France (fotw); Arms and Flag of Torsken, Norway (fotw)


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