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Dictionary of Vexillology: F (FNFL Jack - Fourth Canton)

Last modified: 2017-11-29 by rob raeside
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FNFL JACK
See ‘jack of honour’.

FNFL flag, FR
Jack of the FNFL (Forces Navales Françaises Libres), France (fotw)


FOLK FLAG
A homemade national flag of simplified design (see also ‘unofficial flag’).

FOLKLORE (or FOLK) ORNAMENT
A decorative band usually (but not invariably) placed along the hoist of a flag, and intended to represent an element of cultural identity – a folk ornament – but see ‘national ornament’.

Batken Mulgi people Mulgi people Mulgi people
Flag of Batken, Kyrgyzstan (Jens Pattke); Flag of the Mulgi people, Estonia (Zoltan Horvath); Arms and Flag of Sunja, Croatia (Željko Heimer)

Please note that these are not established terms, but have been introduced by the Editors since no established alternatives could be found.


FOOTBALL FLAG
See ‘sports flag’.

Royal Belgian Football Association Royal Belgian Football Association
Flag of the Royal Belgian Football Association (fotw); Flag of the Gibraltar Football Association (Zoltan Horvath)


FORCENÉ
The heraldic term used when a horse is seen rearing on its hind legs - but see also ‘rampant’ and ‘salient’.

Lačnov, Czech Rep. Lačnov, Czech Rep. forcené forcené forcené
Flag and Arms of Lačnov, Czech Republic (fotw & ICH); Flag of Badendorf, Germany (fotw); Flag and Arms of Lower Saxony, Germany (fotw & Wikipedia)


FORE, AT THE
(adv) When a flag is flown at the truck on the foremast of a ship it is described as being ‘at the fore’, and a command flag of a vice-admiral was formerly flown in this position (see also ‘balls of difference’, ‘flag of command’, ‘flagship’, ‘foremast’, ‘mast’, ‘masthead’ and ‘truck’).

FORE DOWN
The forward line upon which signal flags are displayed when a vessel is dressed overall - see ‘dressing lines’, ‘dress ship 1)’ and ‘dress ship 4)’.

FOREMAST (or FORE)
The forward vertical mast in a three or four masted sailing ship or the forward mast of a motor vessel regardless of the number of masts (see also ‘main’, ‘mast’ and ‘mizzen’).
FORKED CROSS
The term that may be used for a particularly Germanic form of the cross fourche – a cross formed by what appear to be four musket rests – a kirchensprange (see also ‘cross 2)’ and ‘cross fourché’).

Forked cross Forked cross Forked cross Forked cross Forked cross
The Arms of Affolern, Kappel, Kirchheim unter Eck and Ottlingen, Germany (Wikipedia)

Please note that this term has been introduced by the Editors since an exact translation of the original German term “Kirchensprange” is not sufficiently descriptive.


FORK(ED)-TAIL (or FORK-TAILED)
See ‘swallow-tail(ed)’.

Fork-tail flag
Flag of Galanta, Slovakia (fotw)


FORKED ENSIGN
See ‘swallowtail(ed)’.

Forked ensign
State Ensign of Lower Saxony, Germany (fotw)


FORMÉE (FORMÉ or FORMY) CROSS
In heraldry see ‘cross pattée’.

Formée flag Formée flag
Flag and Arms of Vilamacolum, Spain (fotw & ICH)


FORTRESS FLAG
The term for a flag, now obsolete, that was flown over military defences (either inland or coastal). In British and Russian usage this was the naval jack, whilst in others the war flag/naval ensign or the state/national flag (or a variant thereof) might be employed.

Union Jack (UK) - 1801 Jack and Fortress flag of USSR, 1924 War Flag and Naval Ensign of Germany, 1903-1919 Spain - Coastal Fortresses and Naval Buildings, 1785
1801 Pattern of Union Jack, UK (Graham Bartram); Jack/Fortress Flag, Soviet Union 1924 – 1932 (fotw); War Flag/Naval Ensign, Germany 1903 - 1919 (fotw); Flag of Coastal Fortresses and Naval Buildings, Spain 1793 (fotw)

Notes
a)
Some countries use/used ensigns of special design to denote ships belonging to naval fortresses (notably Soviet Union).
b) It is also not unknown for a country to have had sets of rank flags to denote presence of officers of particular rank/position in coastal artillery and fortresses.


FOULED ANCHOR (or FOUL ANCHOR)
In United Kingdom usage and some others, the term for an anchor entangled with its cable - but see ‘cabled’ (also ‘admiralty flag’ and ‘anchor flag’).

Navy Board - UK Naval Board - Canada Chief of Naval Board - Australia
Flag of the Admiralty Board, UK (fotw); Flag of the Navy Board, Canada (fotw); Flag of the Chief of the Navy Board, Australia (fotw)

Please note that in UK usage the fouled (or foul) anchor is considered a symbol of the Royal Navy, and that officers of the British merchant marine show an anchor (of a slightly differing pattern) without its cable on their cap badges and buttons.


FOUNTAIN
1) In traditional heraldry a roundel bearing a number of wavy lines on an argent field which represents an architectural feature – a roundel barry wavy (see also ‘argent’, ‘barry’, ‘roundel 3)’ and ‘wavy’).
2) In in modern heraldry and in vexillology the (sometimes stylized) pictorial representation of a decorative/architectural device which pours or projects water.

[fountain example] [fountain example] [fountain example] [fountain example]
Flag and Arms of Glória, Portugal (Klaus-Michael Schneider); Flag and Arms of Funtana, Croatia (fotw)


FOUNTAIN FILL
See ‘gradient fill’.

[Gradient fill example]
Flag of the Christlich-Soziale Union, Bavaria, Germany (fotw)


FOURCHÉ (or FOURCHÉE)
The Old French for forked – in heraldry see ‘cross fourche’ and ‘queue fourche’).

fourche fourche fourche fourche
(marlow white)


FOURRANGÈRE
See ‘lanyard 1)’ (also ‘lanyard pennant’).

[fourangère]
(marlow white)


FOUR COLOUR PRINTING SYSTEM
See ‘CMYK’.

FOUR FREEDOMS FLAG
See ‘honour flag 1)’.

Four Freedoms flag
A Four Freedoms/Honor Flag


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