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Dictionary of Vexillology: M (Middle Arms - Mizzen)

Last modified: 2018-03-01 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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See under ‘arms’.

Bremen middle arms
Middle Arms of Bremen, Germany (fotw)

See ‘banner 6)’ (also ‘sovereign’s banner’).

military banner
Commander in Chief banner, Canada (fotw)

See ‘colour 2)’ and ‘colours 2)’.

military colour military colour
Regimental Colour, 1st Battalion of The Black Watch, UK (Graham Bartram); Queen’s Colour, 1st Battalion of The Black Watch (Graham Bartram)

In largely US usage, the term for that emblem which is displayed by units of the National Guard, and usually taken from symbols contained within the flags, seals and/or coats of arms of the relevant state – a state military crest (see also ‘badge 3)’, ‘coat of arms’, ‘emblem, military and governmental/departmental’, ‘seal’ and ‘state flag 2)’ and ‘wreath 2))’).

Alabama military crest Texas military crest Maryland military crest
Military Crest of Alabama, US (fotw); Military Crest of Texas, US (fotw); Military Crest of Maryland, US (fotw)

See ‘emblem, military and governmental/departmental’ under ‘emblem’.

military emblem  
Armed Forces Emblem, Kyrgyzstan (fotw)

The general heading under which all the various flags, banners, pennants and colours relating to the military establishment of any particular country, countries or entity are listed – see ‘colour 2)’.

UK Army flag Military Academy, Pakistan Military Colour, Denmark Corps Flag, Poland UK Army flag
Army Flag, UK (fotw); Flag of the Military Academy, Pakistan (fotw); Military Colour, Denmark (fotw); Corps Flag, Poland (fotw); Rank Flag of the General, South Korea (fotw)

The heraldic term for a charge usually (but not invariably) in the form of a curved or wavy X, and meant to represent a mill bearing – a fer de moline, millrine, mill-ink or mill-irons (see also ‘millstone’).

millrind example millrind example millrind example millrind example millrind example
Flag of Putte, Belgium (fotw); Flag of Ham-sur-Heure, Belgium (fotw); Flag of Courtion, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Orthen, Netherlands (CS); Flag of Libin, Belgium (fotw)

The term for a representation of the large circular stone used for the grinding of wheat or other cereal by water- or windmill, and usually (but not invariably) shown with a square or notched hole in its centre and sometimes radiating ridges – a mill-stone, grind-wheel, grindwheel or grindstone - see ‘waterwheel’ (also ‘millrind’ and ‘windmill’).

 millstone millstone millstone millstone millstone millstone
Flag and Arms of Sazes do Lorvão, Portugal (fotw); Flag and Arms of Choltice, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag and Arms of Vincencov, Czech Republic (fotw & Wikipedia)

See ‘waterwheel’.

millwheel millwheel
Arms and Flag of Veliki Grđevac, Croatia (fotw)

The term used when the reverse of a flag is a reflected duplication of the obverse (as seen as in a mirror), and the default assumption in most cases - but see ‘double-sided 1)’ and ‘two-sided 1)’ (also ‘obverse’ and ‘reverse’).

Fiji ensign Fiji ensign
Fiji ensign Fiji ensign
Obverse and Reverse of the Civil Ensign of Fiji (fotw); Obverse and Reverse of the National Flag of Guyana (fotw)

In some Christian usage the ceremonial head covering of a prelate (see also ‘crozier’ and ‘stringed’).

mitre mitre mitre mitre mitre mitre
Arms and Flag of Krzywiń, Poland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Ostprignitz-Ruppin, Germany (fotw); Arms and Flag of Gradec, Croatia (fotw)

In heraldry there are two mixed tinctures, they are brunatre (brown) and tenne (orange) – auxiliary colours – see ‘tinctures’. 

Auxiliary colour Auxiliary colour
From left: Brunatre and Tenne

The aftermost mast in a sailing vessel with three or more masts (and on a two masted vessel dependent upon the rig) from which the gaff is rigged, and from which the command flag of a rear-admiral was formerly flown (see also ‘balls of difference’, ‘flag of command’, ‘fore’, ‘gaff’, ‘mast’ and ‘masthead’).

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