Last modified: 2018-03-10 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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Flag of Bermuda (fotw); Flag of St Maarten (fotw); Flag of American Samoa (fotw).
Flag of the Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs, Canada (fotw)
Union Flag 1606 – 1801, England/UK (fotw); Union Flag, UK (fotw)
Flag of Ceremony/Indoor Flag of the Secretary of Agriculture, US (fotw)
Please note that this term is a direct translation of the Spanish "Bandera de Ceremonia" and should not be confused with a ceremonial ensign/or flag as listed separately herein.
From left: Fleet Admiral, USN (fotw); Admiral. USN (fotw); Vice Admiral, USN (fotw); Rear Admiral, USN (fotw); Rear Admiral (lower half) USN (fotw)
1) Although these terms are sometimes considered interchangeable, the Editors have drawn a general distinction between the command flags used by senior naval officers, the rank flags employed by officers from the other armed services, the distinguishing flags of civilians and with personal flags.
2) A further distinction has been drawn between the flag of command which replaces the masthead pennant, and command pennants which do not.
National Flags/Civil Ensigns of Panama, Liberia and the Marshall Islands (often flown as a flag of convenience)
Please note that although in widespread use prior to this date, the flag of defiance did not appear in English naval Instructions until 1647 (and was dropped in 1799) – see ‘red flag 2)’ and its following note.
Signal Flag Victor (fotw); Signal Flags November–Charlie (fotw); Coast Guard Signal US (official website)
a) While some may still acknowledge an upside-down ensign as a signal of distress, it is no longer recognized under international rules; and that the waft, also previously used, is now entirely obsolete (see also ‘International Code of Signal Flags’, ‘signal flag’ and ‘waft’).
b) According to the US Coast Guard regulations the orange flag should be either square with vertically arranged symbols, or rectangular with the square and disc horizontal, and that a very similar signal is recommended in the ICS for identification from the air (see also ‘International Code of Signals’).
Austro-Hungary 1850 – 1918 (fotw)
Please note that the term honour flag has been used for two other designs issued by different authorities under differing circumstances, and it is therefore suggested that this form of the term should be applied only to those flags – see ‘honour flag 1)’ and ‘honour flag 2)’.
National Flag of Comoros (fotw); Naval Ensign of Bolivia (fotw); 51 Star Flag of The United States (fotw)
Please note that the 51 star flag of the United states displays one more star than there are states in the Union, whilst the national flag of Comoros or the naval ensign of Bolivia for example (and illustrated above), show one more star than they have provinces under their current control. An “anticipatory flag”, on the other hand, such as a 39 star flag of the United States, displays a symbol of granted statehood but in advance of its official appearance on the flag.
Command Flag of a Full Admiral, UK (fotw)
Flag of the Air Force, Peru (fotw); Flag of the Air Force, Portugal (fotw); Ensign of the Air Force, Australia (fotw)
Flag of the Army, UK (fotw); Flag of the Army, China (fotw); Flag of the Army, South Africa (fotw)
Flag of the Marine Corps, US (fotw); Flag of the Marine Corps, Brazil (fotw); Flag of the Marine Corps, Taiwan (fotw)
Flag of the Navy, US (fotw); Flag of the Navy, Colombia (fotw); Flag of the Navy, Peru (fotw)
Flag of the State of Arizona, US (fotw); Flag of the State of Lara, Venezuela (fotw)
Flag Representing the Balance of Life (fotw)
Flag of War / War Flag of Peru (fotw)
Admiral in Command and not in Command; Vice Admiral in Command and not in Command, Rear Admiral in Command and not in Command, Spain (fotw)
Please note with regard to 2) that in Royal Navy usage all officers of flag rank were formerly considered to be flag officers, but that the term is now restricted to those of that rank who are entitled to fly a flag of command aboard ship.
Yacht Club Vice-Commodore’s Broad Pennant, Finland (fotw)
From left: National Flag and Arms of Ecuador (fotw); National Flag and Arms of Haiti (fotw); National Flag of South Africa 1928 – 1994 (fotw)
Please note that this category does not include those flags or ensigns whose canton consists of another flag (such as the British or Indian red ensigns) and for which the term canton flags should be used (see ‘canton flag’).
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