Last modified: 2022-08-27 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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Flag of CRAF, France (fotw); Flag of Brussels Region, Belgium (fotw); A Flag of Apple Inc., US (fotw)
Please note that these terms are often misapplied, and care should be taken to ensure that the device being described is not a seal, badge or emblem as referenced above.
Flags of the States of Nebraska, Kentucky and Michigan, US (fotw)
The Editors suggest a considerable degree of caution when using this term for the following reasons:
a) In US usage flags of this type are often derived from previously established military colours – colours under which men fought and died - and such a description ignores their historical significance.
b) When correctly used the term “logo” has a specific, totally different meaning, and its employment here is both inaccurate and (apparently) unthinking.
c) The definition given above could equally apply to several types of flag (for example the civic/municipal flags of Japan) to which any such implication would be inappropriate.
Flag of the State of Texas, US (fotw)
Civil Ensign of Jerusalem 1333 – 1921 (fotw)
Please note that this is practice is almost certainly based on the earlier use of ties – see ‘ties’.
Flag of The Lord High Admiral 1685 - 1688, England (fotw)
Flag and Arms of Skaryszew, Poland (fotw)
National Flag of Brazil (fotw); Flag of Alem Paraíba, Brazil (fotw); Flag of Ceará, Brazil (fotw)
Please note with regard to 2), that in English heraldry a lozenge is also the escutcheon upon which a spinster or a widow’s coat of arms is placed (see also ‘armorial bearings’, ‘escutcheon’ and ‘coat of arms’).
Escutcheon of Kate Middleton before her marriage to HRH Prince William
Flag of O. D. Ahlers, Germany (fotw); Flag of KPM, The Netherlands (fotw); Flag of Cabezarrubias del Puerto, Spain (vexilla hispanica).
These are not established terms but have been introduced by the Editors since no established alternatives could be found.
Flag of the Morlanwelz, Belgium (fotw).
Flag of Trinta-e-um de Janeiro 1941 – 1975, Angola (fotw); Banner of Arms of Le Locle, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Balenyà, Spain (fotw)
Please note however, that on flags this term may also be applied to a field covered with lozenges or diamond shapes set at an angle such as those on the flag of the German state of Bavaria, whereas in heraldic practice these would be lozengy bendy (or bendy sinister).
The Flag with Variant and Greater Arms of the State of Bavaria, Germany (fotw)
Examples of Lt Colonel’s Colours, English c1641 (Željko Heimer, CS and fotw)
Arms and Flag of Oeiras, Portugal (fotw); Arms and Flag of Oliveira do Bairro c1986, Portugal (fotw)
Banner of Arms of the Western Isles, Scotland (fotw); Flag of Gzira, Malta (fotw)
a) A vessel with oars but more than one mast should be blazoned “galley” – see ‘galley’.
b) In English heraldry a single-masted, medieval nef or cog (with or without oars) is often (but not exclusively) blazoned an “ancient” or “antique ship” – which term can (and does) include sailing vessels with more than one mast – see ‘ancient ship’, ‘cog 2)’ and ‘nef’.
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