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Dictionary of Vexillology: I (Iberian Cross - Imperial War Ensign)

Last modified: 2022-08-27 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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See ‘cross of calatrava’.

[Iberian cross]
Flag of Puebla de Don Rodrigo, Spain (fotw)

See ‘mon 1)’ and its following note.

[Ichikawa si]
Flag of Ichikawa si, Japan (fotw)

1) (v) In heraldry a term for the marshalling of (or having earlier marshalled) two sets of arms side-by-side on a shield or banner of arms to indicate marriage or alliance – empale (see also ‘banner of arms’, ‘coat of arms 2)’, ‘dimidiated’, ‘entire 1)’, ‘escutcheon of pretence 2), ‘marshalling’, ‘point-in-point’, ‘quarter the arms’ and ‘quartering 1)’)
2) (v) On flags as above, but the images placed on a flag need not be arms as defined herein.
3) A term sometimes incorrectly used in place of transfixed - see ‘transfixed’.

[impaled flags] [impaled flags] [impaled flags]
Command Flag of a General at Sea c1650, England (fotw); Flag of Lauenen, Switzerland (fotw); Banner of the Arms of The Orkneys, UK (fotw); 

In heraldry see ‘dimidiated’ and following note (also ‘impale 1)’).

Wodzisław Śląski, Poland Wodzisław Śląski, Poland Lehe, Germany
Flag and Arms of Wodzisław Śląski, Poland (fotw); Flag of Lehe, Germany (fotw)

A term sometimes used in blazoning to describe a charge which is apparently suspended without support a term (as far as can be discovered) not known in English heraldry.

impending impending impending
Flag of Hennigsdorf, Germany (fotw); Arms of Vale de Asnes, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Atalaia, Portugal (fotw)

The arms that represent an empire and its ruler - a type now entirely obsolete - but see ‘imperial emblem’ (also ‘imperial standard(s) 1)’ and ‘royal arms’).

Imperial Arms, Austria Imperial Arms, Austria Imperial Arms, Austria 
Imperial Arms, Brazil 1822 1889 (fotw); Flag with Imperial Arms, Mexico 1864 1867 (fotw); Lesser Imperial Arms, Austria 1915 1918 (fotw)

See ‘broad pennant 4)’.

Tsar's broad pennant
Tsar’s Broad Pennant until 1917, Russia (fotw)

The term for one of several varying designs of flag used in Imperial China up to 1912 - see wingless dragon (also ‘dragon).

Chinese Imperial Flag Chinese Imperial Flag Chinese Imperial Flag
Chinese Imperial Dragon Flags c1895 (fotw and Ben Cahoon)

That emblem, now increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete, which represents an emperor see ‘imperial arms’ (also ‘imperial standard(s) 1)’, ‘mon 2)’ and ‘royal standard(s)’).

 Imperial Emblem Imperial Emblem Imperial Emblem
Imperial Emblem (mon), Japan (Wikipedia); Imperial Flag and Emblem 1934 - 1945, Manchukuo (fotw & Wikipedia)

1) See ‘imperial standard(s) 1)’ and ‘imperial standard(s) 2)’.
2) In the plural and in increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete usage, a general heading under which all the flags, standards and banners relating to an emperor, or to the imperial family of any particular country or countries are listed (see also ‘royal flag(s) 2)’).

German Crown PRince Flag Austria-Hungary Empress Flag Japan Empress Flag
Standard of HIH The Crown Prince 1872 1919, Germany (fotw); Standard of HIM The Empress 1894 - 1917, Austria-Hungary (fotw); Standard of HIM The Empress, Japan (fotw);

1) That flag, now increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete, which signifies the presence and/or authority of an emperor (see also ‘imperial flag(s) 2)’, ‘mon 2)’ and ‘royal standard(s)’)
2) In the plural and in increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete usage, a term sometimes applied to the flags flown by other members of an imperial family the empress’s, crown prince’s/prince imperial’s standard etc.

German Imperial Standard Russian Imperial Standard   Japan Emperor Flag
Imperial Standard 1890 1918, Germany (fotw); Imperial Standard for Use Ashore 1858 1917, Russia (fotw); Imperial Standard, Japan (fotw)

Direct translations of the German term Kaiserliche Kriegsflagge, and referring to the war ensigns in use from 1871 1919 see war flag 1) and war flag 2) (also state war flag).

mperial War Ensign of Germany mperial War Ensign of Germany mperial War Ensign of Germany
Kaiserliche Kriegsflaggen/Imperial War Ensigns of Germany 1871-1892, 1892-1903 and 19031919 (fotw)

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