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Dictionary of Vexillology: C (Cinquefoil - Civil Jack)

Last modified: 2017-06-20 by rob raeside
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CINQUEFOIL (CINQFOIL or CINQUE-FOYLE)
The heraldic term for a charge in the form of a stylized flower having five leaves and often (but not invariably) pierced in the centre – a quinterfoil or quintefeuille (see also ‘quatrefoil’ and ‘trefoil’).

cinquefoil example Aetigkofen - Switzerland Hamilton - Canada Ardooie - Belgium Ardooie - Belgium
from left: cinquefoil example; Flag of Aetigkofen, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Hamilton, Canada (fotw); Arms and Flag of Ardooie, Belgium (Wikipedia & fotw)


CIPHER
See ‘royal cypher 1)’ and ‘monogram’.

royal cipher example
Cipher of HSH Prince Rainier III 1923 – 2005, Monaco (fotw)


CITATION FLAG (or PENNANT)
See ‘award flag’.

[citation flag]
Presidential Unit Citation Pennant, US (fotw)


CITY ARMS (or COAT OF ARMS)
See ‘civic arms 1)’.

[city arms (London)]  [city arms (Lancaster)]
Arms of the City of London, UK (Wikipedia); Arms of the City of Lancaster, UK (ICH)


CITY FLAG
See ‘civic flag 1)’.

[city flag (London)] [city flag (Lancaster)]
Flag of the City of London, UK (fotw); Flag of the City of Lancaster, UK (fotw)


CIVIC ARMS
1) The coat of arms or full set of armorial bearings of a municipality or urban area – municipal or city arms (see also ‘armorial bearings’, ‘civic flag 1)’ and ‘coat of arms 2)’).
2) In UK usage and in some others, as above but also the arms or full set of armorial bearings of a sub-national county – the county arms (see also ‘civic flag 2)’).
3) The term can also be applied to the emblems of sub-national entities that are not coats of arms or full sets of armorial bearings as defined herein (see also ‘anti-heraldry’ and ‘emblem’).

Amvrosiivka arms Plitvička jezera arms Barrancos arms Ludwigslust city arms Northumberland county arms
Arms of Amvrosiivka, Ukraine (fotw); Arms of Plitvička jezera, Croatia (fotw); Arms of Barrancos, Portugal (ICH); Arms of Ludwigslust, Germany (fotw); Arms of Northumberland County, UK (Internet Business Directory)


CIVIC BANNER
1) See ‘banner 3)’.
2) A term that may be used when the flag of a municipality or urban area is a banner of arms – see ’civic flag’ (also ‘banner of arms’).

[civic banner example] [civic arms for banner example]
Flag and Arms of Davle, Czech Republic (fotw)


CIVIC CROWN
1) The heraldic term for a closed garland or chaplet composed of oak leaves and acorns (see also ‘crown triumphal’ and ‘garland’).
2) See ‘mural crown 1)’.

[civic crown]
A Heraldic Civic Crown (Parker)


CIVIC FLAG
1) The flag of a municipality or urban area – a municipal flag or city flag (see also ‘banner 4)’ and ‘civic arms 1)’).
2) In UK usage and in some others, as above but also the sub-national flag of a county (see also ‘sub-national flag’ and ‘civic arms 2)’).
3) See ‘civil flag’.

[civil example] [civil example] [civil example] [civil example]
Flag of Barrancos, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Ludwigslust, Germany (fotw); Flag of Bohuňovice, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag of Cheshire, UK (fotw)


CIVIC SASH
See ‘sash 1)’.

Civic sash
Civic Sash of France


CIVIL AIR (or AVIATION) ENSIGN (or FLAG)
That flag flown at civilian airports, landing fields and by civil air authorities (see also ‘royal air mail pennant’).

[Civil air ensign - UK] [Civil air ensign - Pakistan] [Civil air ensign - Ghana] [Civil air ensign - Zambia] [Civil air ensign - Poland]
From left: Civil Air Ensign, UK (fotw); Civil Air Ensign, Pakistan (fotw); Civil Air Ensign, Ghana (fotw); Civil Air Ensign, Zambia (fotw); Civil Air Flag, Poland 1930–32 (fotw)

Please note that in British use (and in that of some Commonwealth countries) such a flag is called a civil air ensign (see also ‘air mail flag’).


CIVIL ENSIGN
See under ‘ensign’.

[Civil ensign - Albania] [Civil ensign - Bahamas] [Civil ensign - Luxembourg]
Civil Ensign of Albania (fotw); Civil Ensign of The Bahamas (fotw); Civil Ensign of Luxembourg (fotw)


CIVIL FLAG
The version of a national or provincial flag that is for use by private citizens on land (see also ‘national flag’, ‘official flag 2)’, ‘state flag’, ‘civil ensign’ under ‘ensign’ and ‘sub-national flag’ with following notes).

Civil Flag and National Flag of Guatemala Civil flag - Canary Islands Official flag - Canary Islands
From left: Civil Flag and National Flag of Guatemala (fotw); Civil Flag and Official Flag of The Canary Islands, Spain (fotw)


CIVIL JACK
See under ‘jack’.

 Civil jack - Bahamas
Civil Jack of The Bahamas (fotw)


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