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Dictionary of Vexillology: S (Sub-national Flag - Supranational Flag)

Last modified: 2014-10-11 by rob raeside
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SUB-NATIONAL FLAG
A generic term for the flag of any territorial division within a sovereign or independent country or within a federated state, that is subordinate to the national flag of that country or federated state – a constituent state, province, county, municipality or similar (see also ‘civic flag’, ‘cantonal flag’, ‘national flag’, ‘state flag 2) and ‘tribal flag’).

sub-national flag sub-national flag sub-national flag sub-national flag
Flag of the State of Acre, Brazil; Provincial Flag of Saskatchewan, Canada; County Flag of Huntingdonshire, UK; Municipal Flag of Góra Świętej Małgorzaty, Poland (fotw)

Notes
a)
The flags of the constituent parts of the UK – those of England, Scotland and Wales – although subordinate to the Union Flag are also national flags under the law. Similar situations may, however, exist in other countries, and the applicable country's laws should be consulted to determine the status of such flags (see also ‘union jack’).
b) In the sub-divisions of some countries – such as the Länder of Germany or provinces of Spain – there are variants of the state or provincial flags for civil and official use - but see ‘ceremonial flag 1)’, 'state service flag' and ‘official flag 2)’ (also ‘civil flag’).

[subnational flag]
Civil Flag La Rioja

[subnational flag]
Official Flag La Rioja, Spain (fotw)


SUBSTITUTE (or SUBSTITUTE PENNANT)
Any one of three triangular pennants used in the International Code of Signal Flags (or any one of four in the NATO Code of Signals) to replace the relevant flag or numeral pennant when that letter or number is to be repeated – thus only one set of signal flags need be carried aboard ship – a repeater or repeater pennant - see ‘international code of signal flags’ (also ‘absence pennant’, ‘numeral pennant’ and ‘signal flag’).

[substitute signal flag] [substitute signal flag] [substitute signal flag] [substitute signal flag]
From left: First Substitute to the Third Substitute, ICS, together with a Fourth Substitute making up those in the NATO Signal Code.

Please note that in British RN usage a substitute or repeater was first introduced in Howe’s Code of 1790.

[substitute signal flag] [substitute signal flag] [substitute signal flag]
From left: Substitutes in RN Usage 1790–1799, 1799–1803, 1803-1810


SUBVERTED (or SUBVERTANT)
See ‘reversed 2)’.

[subverted example]


SUIT (or SUITE) OF FLAGS
The ensign, jack and masthead pennant of a commissioned warship (see ‘ensign’, ‘jack’ and ‘masthead pennant 1)’).

[suit of flags]
Stealth Warship of the Royal Norwegian Navy wearing a Suit of Flags


SUN
1) In vexillology see ‘disc’, ‘star 1)’ with its following note and ‘sun emblem’ (also ‘sunburst’)
2) In heraldry see ‘sunin--splendour’.

SUN-IN-SPLENDOUR (SUN-IN-SPLENDOR or SUN-IN-GLORY)
The heraldic term for a sun that usually (but not exclusively) has alternating straight and wavy rays, and which often (although not invariably) shows a face – but see ‘active and inactive’, ‘sun emblem’ and ‘sunburst’ (also ‘mullet’).

Corneaux, Switzerland Kolobrzeg, Poland
Flag of Corneaux, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Kolobrzeg, Poland (Jarig Bakker)


SUNBURST
The term used when a (usually but not invariably) rising sun is shown complete with its rays – but see ‘radiating 1)’, ‘sun emblem’ and ‘sun in splendour’ (also ‘active’, ‘active and inactive’ and ‘inactive’).

Irish sunburst Lebowa Homeland, South Africa 1972 – 1994 Crops Commander, Pakistan
A Sunburst Banner of Ireland (fotw): Lebowa Homeland, South Africa 1972 – 1994 (fotw); Corps Commander, Pakistan (fotw)


SUN CROSS
The term for that variation of a Celtic cross which is now considered a symbol of neo-paganism, but which has been, or is being used by Nazi and neo-Nazi movements in Europe, and (with a further variation) the USA - a wheel cross - see ‘Celtic cross’, (also ‘arrow cross’ and ‘swastika’).

New New Ku Klux Klan
Flag of the Unghirden, Norway 1940 – 1945 (fotw); Flag of the Nordiska Rikspartiet, Sweden (fotw); A Flag of the Ku Klux Klan, USA (Tomislav Todorovic)

Please note that in heraldic practice this type would be called a “cross annuletty” - see ‘annulet’ .


SUN DISC (or DISK)
See ‘disc’.

Aboriginal Flag, Australia
Aboriginal Flag, Australia


SUN EMBLEM
The term that may be used for a representation of the sun which is stylized rather than pictorial, as on the examples shown below – but see ‘disk’, ‘solar sign’ with its following note and ‘sunburst’ (also ‘active’, ‘active and inactive’, ‘beam(s) 1)’, ‘inactive’, ‘rays 1)’ and ‘sun-in-splendour’).

New Mexico Macedonia 1992 – 1995 Philippines
Flag of New Mexico, US (fotw); National Flag of Macedonia, 1992 – 95 (fotw); National Flag of the Philippines (fotw)


SUNDAY ENSIGN
A term used in the British Royal Navy and some others, to describe an ensign larger than the normal daily size that is flown on ships and at naval establishments on Sundays and/or days of national celebration – a ceremonial ensign or flag (see also ‘ceremonial ensign’ and ‘holiday colours’).

Please note that it this is not to be confused with a flag of ceremony (see also 'indoor flag’ and 'garrison flag').


SUNSET (THE CEREMONY OF)
The ceremony of lowering the ensign and jack particularly (but not exclusively) aboard a warship or naval shore establishment at the local time of sunset or at a specified time at the end of a working day - conducting or making sunset or evening colours (see also ‘colours 5)’ and ‘retreat ceremony’).

SUPERIMPOSED
See ‘surmounted by’.

Oklahoma
Flag of Oklahoma, US (fotw)


SUPPORTER’S FLAG/PENNANT
1) See ‘sports flag 2)’.
2) See ‘political flag’.

Croatian supporter's flag  Solidarity supporter's flag
A Football Supporters Flag, Croatia (fotw); Flag of the Polish Independence Movement Solidarity (fotw)


SUPPORTERS
Human, mythological or animal figures traditionally placed either side of a shield in a set of armorial bearings - see also Appendix IV & Appendix V (also ‘armorial bearings’, ‘coat of arms’, ‘griffin’ and ‘heraldic beasts’).

Jamaica arms    Pennsylvania arms Pennsylvania arms Tchad arms
National Arms of Jamaica (fotw); National Arms of Chile (fotw); State Arms of Pennsylvania, US (fotw); National Arms of Chad (fotw)


SUPPOSITIOUS FLAG
The term for a historical flag that is actually erroneous, but which is accepted as factual because of repeated usage – a mythical flag (see also ‘attributed flag’, ‘mythical flag’ and ‘reconstruction’).

suppositious Spanish flag   
A Suppositious Spanish Naval Ensign of the 1785 Pattern


SUPRA-NATIONAL (or SUPER-NATIONAL) FLAG
The flag of an organization, some aspects of whose authority and/or influence transcend national sovereignty, as in for example, that of the United Nations or European Union (but see also ‘international flag’, ‘Geneva Convention flag’, ‘patchwork flag 1)’ and ‘safe conduct flag’.

supranational flag supranational flag supranational flag
Flag of The United Nations (fotw); Flag of The Commonwealth of Nations (fotw); Flag of The World Bank (fotw)


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