This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Dictionary of Vexillology: C (Crancelin - Cypher)

Last modified: 2017-06-20 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors



On this page:


CRANCELIN
See ‘crown of rue’.

crancelin
Royal Standard of the Kingdom of Saxony 1815–1918 (fotw)


CRAVAT
1)A decorative scarf, usually in national or livery colours and often richly decorated, generally tied with a bow to the staff below the finial, normally (but by no means exclusively) used with military flags and sometimes displayed with a cockade (see also ‘cockade 1)’, ‘cord(s) 1)’, ‘draping’, ‘finial’, ‘livery colours’, ‘national colours 2)’ and ‘staff 2)’).
2) Long black ribbons tied to the staff of a military colour below the finial to signify mourning by the regiment or unit concerned for the loss of members of that regiment, or when participating in a military or state funeral - but see ‘draping’.

Presidential Standard - France - 1940-1943 National Flag of Mexico
Presidential Standard, France 1940 – 1943 (fotw & CS); National Flag of Mexico (fotw)

Please note with regard to 1) that in French military usage, and possibly in others, the cravat is employed (including use with car flags) to differentiate between ranks and functions (see also ‘fanion 3)’, ‘jack of honour’, ‘lanyard 1)’ and ‘lanyard pennant’.


CRENELLATED
In vexillology, a term that is sometimes used to describe the battlements of a tower, castle or wall in place of its heraldic equivalents – see ‘embattled’.

Triemen, NL
Flag of Triemen, The Netherlands (fotw)


CRENELLED
In heraldry see ‘embattled’.

Wegenstetten, CH Wegenstetten, CH
Flag and Arms of Wegenstetten, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia)


CRESCENT
1) In vexillology, a charge in the shape of a crescent moon formed by two interlinked circles of varying size, generally (but not invariably) shown with the open horns towards the fly. The crescent is often (but by no means invariably) considered to be symbolic of Islam - a quarter-moon (see also ‘disc’ and ‘waning or waxing moon’).
2) In heraldry a charge in the form of a crescent moon whose horns unless otherwise specified point upwards – but see ‘moon 2)’ with following notes, and the note below (also ‘lunel’).

arms and flag of Turkey Er Rif Maldives
From left: Arms (CS); The National Flag of Turkey (fotw); Flag of Er Rif 1920 – 1926 (fotw); National Flag of The Maldives (fotw)

Please note with regard to 2) that a crescent whose horns point downward may be termed inverted or reversed – see ‘reversed 2)’.

Odèn, Spain
Flag of Odèn, Spain (fotw)

CREST
1) The heraldic term for a symbol that is usually (but not invariably) attached to the helm, is almost always set above a torse and generally ensigned over the shield (see also ‘Appendix IV’, ‘armorial bearings’, ‘coat of arms’, ‘ensigned’, ‘helm’, ‘shield’ and ‘wreath 2)’).
2) See ‘ship’s crest’.
3) See ‘military crest’.
4) The term is sometimes used to describe a shield or set of armorial bearing – but see note below.

Please note that the term crest should only be used as specifically defined defined in 1), 2) and 3) above, and should not be considered as a synonym for a coat of arms or set of armorial bearings (see also ‘armorial bearings’ and ‘coat of arms’).


CREW’S MEAL PENNANT
See ‘meal pennant’.

[crew's meal pennant]
Crew’s Meal Pennant, US (fotw)


CROATIAN WATTLE
See ‘wattle(d) 1)

[Croatian wattle]
Flag of Ustasha Youth 1941 - 1945, Croatia (fotw)


CROWN
A ceremonial headpiece in the shape of a circlet often made of precious metal and usually adorned with pearls and gemstones – see note below (also ‘antique crown’, ‘coronet 1)’, ‘coronet 2)’ and ‘ensigned’, ‘orb’ and ‘sceptre’).

[crown] [crown]  [crown] [crown]
Royal Crowns, Denmark & Spain (fotw); Tudor Crown 1901 – 1953, St Edward’s Crown (Current Pattern) UK (Martin Grieve)

Notes
a)
On flags a crown with a curved bar or bars across the top and a cap within generally (but not invariably) signifies a reigning monarch, however, the actual design will usually be specific to a given country and considerable variations exist.
b) In heraldry the term crown has a far wider use, and whilst a few of the many types encountered are described in this dictionary, it is strongly suggested that a specialist glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted for full details.


CROWN COLOURS (or COLORS)
A translation of the Spanish term Banderas Coronelas and referring to a Queen’s, King’s or Imperial Colour - see ‘colour 2)’ and ‘colours 2)’.

Crown colours example Crown colours example
Crown/King’s Colour of the Royal Infantry Guard 1794, Spain (fotw); Crown/Queen’s Colour of the Regiment of Chasseurs Isabel II 1841-1844, Spain (fotw)


CROWNED
In heraldry see ‘ensigned’.

Crowned example  Crowned example
Lesser Arms of Luxembourg (fotw); State Arms of Norway (fotw)


CROWN OF ARMS
A newly introduced term – and a translation of the German Wappenkrone - that may be used to describe the type of crown which is created from a series related arms, and possibly inspired by the pavisade – see ‘pavisade’ (also ‘coat of arms 2)’, ‘hamburgian coronet’, ‘leafy crown’, ‘mural crown 1)’ and ‘provincial crown 2)’.

Crown of Arms Crown of Arms
Middle Arms of Baden-Württemberg, Germany (Klaus-Michael Schneider); National Arms of Croatia (fotw)


CROWN OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
In Christian, particularly Iberian tradition, the term for a crown bearing a dove set on its central point (see also ‘marian crown’ and its following note).

Crown of the Holy Spirit Crown of the Holy Spirit Crown of the Holy Spirit Crown of the Holy Spirit Crown of the Holy Spirit
Flag and Arms of Ferrel, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Fonte do Bastardo, Portugal (fotw); Arms and Flag of Ilha, Portugal (fotw)


CROWN OF RUE
The heraldic term for a coronet placed in bend – or diagonally – across rather than above a shield or quarter – a crancelin (see also ‘bend’ in ‘coronet’, ‘in bend’, ‘quarter’ and ‘shield 1)’)

Crown of Rue Crown of Rue Crown of Rue Crown of Rue
The Flag and Arms of Saxony, Germany (CS); Flag and Arms of Hadeln, Germany (Klaus-Michael Schneider & Wikipedia)


CROWN TRIUMPHAL
The heraldic term for a closed garland or chaplet, usually composed of laurel leaves, and based on the ancient Roman triumphal ornament (see also ‘civic crown 2)’, ‘decking’, ‘garland’ and ‘wreath of immortelles’).

[collar]
(Parker)


CROZIER
In some Christian usages the ceremonial staff of a prelate (see also ‘mitre’ and ‘stringed’).

crozier crozier crozier crozier crozier
Flag of Basel, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Santo Tirso, Portugal (fotw); Arms and Flag of Dugo Selo, Croatia (fotw)


CRUTCH
A term for the central point at which the two triangles formed by a swallow-tailed cut in the fly meet (see also ‘orthogonal’, ‘palm’ and ‘swallow-tail(ed)’).

crutch crutch
Naval Ensign of Germany (fotw); Flag of Námestovo, Slovakia (fotw)


CRUTCH CROSS
In heraldry see ‘cross potent’).

crutch cross
A flag of the Christian Falangist Party, Germany (Tomislav Todorovic)


CUSTOMS FLAG (ENSIGN, JACK or PENNANT)
A flag or ensign, different from the national/state flag or government ensign or a pennant, which specifically identifies the installations or vessels of a country’s customs service (see also ‘national flag’, ‘government ensign’ and ‘service ensign’ under ‘ensign’, and ‘state flag’).

customs flags customs flags customs flags customs flags
From left: Customs Flags/Jack, Israel; Customs Flag, Sudan (fotw); Customs Flag, Japan (fotw); Customs Pennant, Thailand (fotw)


CUT-AND-PASTE FLAG
See ‘friendship flag’.

cut and paste flag
Canada-US Friendship/Cut-and-Paste Flag (fotw)


CYBERVEXILLOLOGY (or CYBERVEX)
Vexillological research and/or the publication of vexillological information using electronic means, particularly the Internet or other electronic delivery systems.

CYPHER
See ‘royal cypher 1)’ and ‘monogram’.

French cypher
Cypher of the French Republic (CS)


Introduction | Table of Contents | Index of Terms | Previous Page | Next Page