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Navahermosa (Municipality, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain)

Last modified: 2020-04-03 by ivan sache
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Flag of Navahermosa - Image by Alberto Álvarez Casasnovas, Wikimedia Commons, 10 September 2019

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Presentation of Navahermosa

The municipality of Navahermosa (3,609 inhabitants in 2018; 12,979 ha; municipal website) is located 50 km south-west of Toledo.

Navahermosa was re-settled near the castle of Dos Hermanos, under the protection of the Toledo Hermandad Vieja militia. Bee-hive gardens were established near the hamlet of Cedenilla.
Dos Hermanos was incorporated in 1210 to the domain of Montalbán, which had been created in 1209 by Alfonso VIII for Alfonso Téllez de Meneses, who sold Dos Hermanos in 1222 to Rodrigo Jiménez de Rada, Archbishop of Toledo.
On 20 April 1243, Ferdinand III swapped with the Archbishop of Toledo Dos Hermanos and Cedenilla for Añover and Baza. The king sold on 3 January 1246 the Toledo Mounts to the Council of Toledo.

Navahermosa was mentioned for the first time in the 15th century, as colonized by villagers from Dos Hermanos, Castillejos, and Cedenilla, which were eventually depopulated. The capital of the local district of the Santa Hermandad (cuadrilla) was eventually transferred from Herrera to Navahermosa. Philip II's Relaciones report that Navahermosa was founded in 1476, after the Council of Toledo had deicded to disband the castle of Dos Hermanos in 1444.
A local legend recalls that the castle, today ruined, was named for two Morrish sisters (dos hermanas) who appeared nightly to travelers as animals; on the night of St. John, they went down to brook Marlín, which magically flowed between two rocks, to wash their cloth.

Navahermosa is the birth town of the writer, historian and heraldist Ventura Leblic García, designer of several municipal coat of arms in the Province of Toledo.

Ivan Sache, 10 September 2019

Symbols of Navahermosa

The flag of Navahermosa, approved on 7 March 1989 by the Municipal Council, but, seemingly, not officially registered, is white with a green saltire and a six-pointed white star at each end of the saltire's arms.
The saltire was a traditional element of the Spanish flags used in the 19th century; it is still found in several flags used in the Toledo Mounts during traditional festivals. The stars represent the four compoennts of the municipality: three hamlets estzblished in the Middle Ages (Dos Hermanos, Castillejos, and Cedenilla), which were successively deserted to form in the 15th century a new, durable settlemen: Nava Hermosa. The saltire is therefore a symbol of confluence and integration through a shared history.
Green is the color of the standards of the Toledo Hermandad Vieja, whose troopers founded Navahermosa.
White is the color of peace, but also the color of the banners raised by the Toledo Mounts guerillas during the Peninsular War.
[Municipal website]

The coat of arms of Navahermosa is prescribed by Royal Decree No. 380, signed on 23 January 1981 and published on 9 March 1981 in the official gazette of Castilla-La Mancha, No. 58, p. 5,248 (text).
The coat of arms is described as follows:

Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. Azure a castle argent masoned and port and windows sable, 2. Argent three bee-hives vert in fess surmounted by an olive tree eradicated vert. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.

The castle represents the Castilian origin of the re-settlers and the castle of Dos Hermanas.
The three bee-hives represent the "bee-keeper's inn" at the origin of the settlement.
Green is the color of the standards of the Toledo Hermandad Vieja, whose troopers founded Navahermosa.
The olive tree represents agriculture, a source of income and development for the municipality.
[Municipal website]

Ivan Sache, 10 September 2019