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Dictionary of Vexillology: A (Ascending Diagonal - Azure)

Last modified: 2017-11-11 by rob raeside
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ASCENDING DIAGONAL
1) The term for a diagonal stripe that runs from the lower hoist corner to the upper fly corner, and which centres on the corners of the flag – a bend sinister, rising diagonal, fly-diagonal, left diagonal or left diagonal bar - but see ‘bend sinister’ and ‘Appendix IX’ (also ‘east-west diagonal’, ‘north-east diagonal’, ‘north-south diagonal’, ‘south-east diagonal’, ‘south-north diagonal’, ‘west-east diagonal’ ‘west-north diagonal’ and ‘west-south diagonal’).
2) The term may also be used to describe the division line on a bicolour divided diagonally as shown below – but see ‘per bend sinister 1)’ (also ‘bicolour 1)’ and ‘descending diagonal’).

Tanzania Solomon Islands Acre, Brazil
National Flag of Tanzania (fotw); National Flag of the Solomon Islands (fotw); Flag of Acre, Brazil (fotw)


ASHOKA CHAKRA (or CHAKKRA)
See ‘chakra’.

Buddhist flag
Buddhist Flag, Thailand (fotw)


ASKLEPIAN (or ASKLEPIAN STAFF)
See ‘staff of asclepius’.

Asklepian Asklepian
Flag and Emblem of the 52nd Field Ambulance, Canada (fotw)


ASPECT RATIO
See ‘proportions’.

aspect ratio


ASYMMETRIC LEFT (or SINISTER) STEPPED
See ‘stepped gonfalon’.

stepped gonfalon


ASYMMETRIC RIGHT (or DEXTER) STEPPED
See ‘stepped gonfalon’.

stepped gonfalon


ASTRAL CROWN
In UK and some other usage, a coronet based on the naval model, but composed of wings and stars, and representative of the military air service (see also ‘coronet’ and ‘naval crown’).

[astral crown example] [astral crown example] [astral crown example]
UK Pattern Astral Crown (Martin Grieve); Officers Commanding in Chief RAF, UK (fotw); Officers of Air Rank Commanding a Base RAAF, Australia (fotw)


ATHLETICS' (or ATHLETIC) CROSS
See ‘cross of athletics

[athletics cross example]
Flag of the Albis Steam Shipping Company 1897, Germany (Klaus-Michael Schneider)


AT THE DIP
See ‘dip, at the

AT THE FORE
See ‘fore, at the

AT THE LEECH
See ‘leech’.

ensign from the leech


AT THE MAIN
Concerning the flag of a full admiral see ‘main

AT THE MASTHEAD
See ‘masthead, at the

AT THE MIZZEN
See ‘mizzen

AT THE PEAK (or AT THE PEAK OF THE GAFF)
See ‘peak 1)’ (also ‘gaff’).

ensign from the peak


ATTIRE(S)
The heraldic term for an antler (or a pair or group of antlers) from a stag, when shown separately - but see ‘attired’ below.

Trzebiel, Poland Trzebiel, Poland Royal Standard of Württemberg 1816–1918 Royal Standard of Württemberg 1816–1918 Royal Standard of Württemberg 1816–1918
Arms and Ceremonial Flag of Trzebiel, Poland (Jarig Bakker); Royal Standard of Württemberg 1894–1918, Germany (fotw); Flag and Arms of Srní, Czech Republic (fotw)


ATTIRED
The heraldic term used when the antlers of a stag, or the horns of some other animal – for example a goat – are shown in a different tincture from that of its body – accorné – see ‘attire’ above (also ‘armed 2)’, ‘beaked’, ‘gorged’, ‘jelloped’, ‘langued’, ‘membered’ and ‘tincture’).

Oland, Swede Oland, Swede Seleute, Switzerland Seleute, Switzerland Gävleborg, Sweden Gävleborg, Sweden
Flag and arms of Oland, Sweden (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Seleute, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Gävleborg, Sweden (fotw & Wikipedia)


ATTRIBUTED ARMS
The heraldic term for that coat of arms which was assigned to a person whose lifetime predated the introduction of heraldic symbolism, or for whom there is no evidence that any such arms were either granted or assumed (see also ‘attributed flag’).

atrributed arms
Banner of the Attributed Arms of King Edward the Confessor 1042 – 1066, England (fotw)


ATTRIBUTED FLAG
The term for a flag, or the illustration of such a flag, that is attributed to a particular historical person or entity, but for which no real evidence of actual use exists (see also ‘attributed arms’, ‘putative flag’, ‘reconstruction’ and ‘suppositious flag’).

attributed flag 
Attributed Flag of Macedonia 1921 – 1923 (Macedonian Documents)


AUGMENTATION OF HONOUR/HONOR (AUGMENTATIONS or AUGMENTED)
A heraldically derived term for the charge added to a flag or coat of arms to indicate special recognition for some – not necessarily military – service, with an example being the George Cross that was added to the arms of Malta and now appears on their current national flag and naval jack - an honorary distinction, addition of honour, augmentations or augmented (see also ‘battle honour’ and ‘charge’).

Government Ensign of Malta 1943-64 Government Ensign of Malta 1943-64 Malta Malta Malta Naval Jack
From left: Government Ensign and Arms of Malta 1943–64 (fotw); National Flag and Arms of Malta (fotw), Naval Jack of Malta (fotw)

Please note that this is in comparison to a battle honour which is almost invariably related to combat, and is entirely military in character.


AUNCIENT
See 'ancient 2)'.

Ancient England
An Auncient/Ancient, English c1590


AURIFLAMMA
See ‘oriflamme’.

oriflamme
One interpretation of the Auriflamma/Oriflamme (fotw)


AUSFLAG
A colloquial term for one of the several designs suggested (over a period of several years) as alternatives to the current Australian national flag.(see also ‘flag design competition’ and ‘flag proposal’).

Australia Ausflag proposal Ausflag proposal Ausflag proposal Ausflag proposal
National Flag of Australia (fotw); Four examples of an Ausflag proposals from 1993 – 2013 (fotw)

Please note that Ausflag Ltd is an organization committed to the promotion of a new Australian national flag


AUSLEGERFLAGGE
See ‘outrigger flag’.

[automobile flag example]


AUTOMOBILE FLAG
See ‘car flag’.

[automobile flag example]
National flag of Automobile/Car Flag, Prime Minister and the President of the State Parliament, Saar, Germany (fotw)


AUTOMOBILE PLATE
See ‘rank plate’.

[automobile plate example]
Automobile/rank plate, General Army and Marine Corps US


AUXILIARY COLOURS
In heraldry see ‘mixed tinctures’.

Auxiliary colour Auxiliary colour
From left: Brunatre and Tenne


AUXILIARY ENSIGN
See ‘government ensign’ under ‘ensign’.

Auxiliary ensign Auxiliary ensign Auxiliary ensign
Ensign for Auxiliary Ships, Ukraine (fotw); Ensign for Auxiliary Ships, India (fotw); Ensign for Auxiliary Ships 1966–1990, East Germany (fotw)


AVERTED
In heraldry the term sometimes used to describe two animals or other charges that are placed back to back – but see ‘addorsed 2)’ and ‘Appendix V’.

averted example averted example averted example averted example averted example
Flag of Sugnens, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Schmerikon, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw ); Arms and Flag of Orbe, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw )

Please note that this word has a different meaning in Modern English, however, its etymology would suggest that it would have been correct usage at an earlier date.


AVIS CROSS
A symbol of the Portuguese branch of the Order of Calatrava – the Avis Order – but see ‘cross fleury’ (also ‘cross of Calatrava’).

Avis Cross  Avis Cross Avis Cross  Avis Cross Avis Cross
Putative Banner of Arms of the Avis Order, Portugal (fotw); Flag and Arms of Avis, Portugal (fotw); Flag and Arms of Alandroal, Portugal (fotw)


AWARD FLAG (or AWARD PENNANT)
A flag or pennant signifying that the organization displaying it has received the citation, commendation or other award usually represented by the flag's design - citation flag/pennant, commendation flag/pennant, honour banner or touring flag (see also ‘battle efficiency pennant’, ‘blue flag’, ‘E pennant 2)’ and ‘S pennant’).

Queen’s Award for Export Achievement Naval Energy Conservation Award Beach Quality Award Flag, Portugal Environmental Protection Award Pennant
The Queen’s Award for Export Achievement, UK (Graham Bartram); Naval Energy Conservation Award, US (fotw); Beach Quality Award Flag, Portugal (fotw); Environmental Protection Award Pennant, US (fotw)

Please note that such awards (and their accompanying flags) are often only held for a limited period.


AWARD STREAMER
In largely US usage, a streamer attached to the flag of a military unit to signify the award of an order, citation, decoration, or similar collective honour (see also ‘streamer 1)’).

[award streamer example]
Valorous Unit Award Streamer, US


AZURE
A heraldic term for the colour blue - see ‘tinctures’ (also ‘rule of tincture’).

[colour example]


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