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Miranda State (Venezuela)

Estado de Miranda

Last modified: 2014-09-27 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: miranda | venezuela | sun | tuy | cocoa | ship | coffee | chacao |
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image by Eugene Ipavec and Jose Manuel Erbez Rodriguez, 29 October 2006


See also:

Municipalities (Capitals):

  • Acevedo (Caucagua)
  • Andrés Bello (San José de Barlovento)
  • Baruta (Nuestra Señora del Rosario)
  • Brión (Higuerote)
  • Buroz (Mamporal)
  • Carrizal (Carrizal)
  • Chacao (Chacao)
  • Cristóbal Rojas (Charallave)
  • El Hatillo (El Hatillo)
  • Guaicaipuro (Los Teques)
  • Independencia (Santa Teresa del Tuy)
  • Lander (Ocumare del Tuy)
  • Los Salias (San Antonio de los Altos)
  • Páez (Río Chico)
  • Paz Castillo (Santa Lucía)
  • Pedro Gual (Cúpira)
  • Plaza (Guarenas)
  • Simón Bolívar (San Francisco de Yare)
  • Sucre (Petare)
  • Urdaneta (Cúa)
  • Zamora (Guatire)

Other sites:


Overview

According to report at <www.eluniversal.com>, a new flag will be hoisted on 28 March 2006. The new flag is reported as black-red-yellow. There is no confirmation from another source and the official site <www.miranda.gov.ve> still show the flag as above.
Valentin Poposki, 5 April 2006

Falcón and Miranda, recently adopted new flags. Both have in common to be derivates from designs created by
Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda: illustrious Venezuelan Hero and Precursory of Latin American independence whose memory has received tribute two hundred years after his liberating expedition in which, by the way, was affirmed the Prioritized Flag of Venezuela (horizontal tricolor yellow, blue and red) in the leader ship "Leander" on March 12th, 1806, in Jacmel Bay, Haiti, already on the eve of taking coursec to Venezuelan coasts at which he arrived following August 3rd.
This commemoration has given rise to symbollogical changes signed by the "rapidity" with which it has taken place, leaving in doubt its legitimacy and therefore its transcendence.
All began on last March 9th with the official publication of the new Law where one eighth star was added to National flag and modified substantially the Coat of Arms of the Republic, which it's also described like "Bolivarian".
Seven days after Falcón adopted new flag, on August 10th, Miranda State also adopted new flag: due to its evident similarity with the present Flag of Federal Republic of Germany the promoters of the change - announced months ago and reviewed into our allied forums - had to characterize it somehow and added six five-pointed and stars placed in angle in such way that three were oriented upwards and three downwards on the central stripe for represent the six regions of the state whereas the sun of the old flag now appears streamlined on the lateral superior canton (attached to the mast) on the superior stripe loaded with two branches of cocoa and including a legend (apparently, "Freedom or Death": war voice that according is commented El Libertador Simon Bolivar took for himself during the War of Independence). The three stripes black, red and yellow which initially were attributed the meaning of the union of Blacks, Browns and Indians (the dominant races on Miranda's Venezuela) for the emancipation now alludes to the same three races that now integrate Mirandian community... Nevertheless, also there are people of white race, as much in the state as in all Venezuela due to our multiethnic wealth...
According referred the corresponding news, the now Mirandian flag was approved "quickly" by Legislative Assembly like part of the new Constitution of the state, so and as it's indicates at <www.eluniversal.com> where also it's says that "With this controversial legal instrument, besides to release the name "Bolivarian State of Miranda" also releases new symbols (end of mention)" and adds soon (it's mentioned) "This is the true Flag of Miranda, we are rescuing the Flag that brought Miranda to the (Mother) country on 1800... The previous one didn't represent the State, but to any part of the (Mother) country because the blue was the sky and green the mountains", expressed Liliana González, deputy pertaining to the sector that supports the government. Nevertheless, the new flag is inspired by a project (that is to say, it was never made reality in fabric) also originated by the precursor whose approximate date is established on 1800 referred in the Documents Catalogue of Archive of Indias in Seville, Spain under the title of "Flag of Miranda for his Army with the name of Columbian" ... Except incontrovertible historical-graphical evidence, it never was brought to the Homeland and when Miranda came effectively six years later the flag of his independence movement was another one: even though it has been tried to relate them, seems quite probable that it  didn't keep bonds each other...
Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 22 August 2006

The Flag - Attributes and Semiology: Consist in a field with approximated ratio 2:3; this is, square and half of length. Its field is divided in three horizontal and equal stripes: the black one (superior) represents Black people; the red one (central) alludes to Brown population and the yellow one (inferior) reminds the aboriginal people of the State. The six five-pointed and white stars disposed in arc on the red stripe remember its six sub-regions: Altos Mirandinos, Valles del Tuy, Sucre, Área Metropolitana, Guarenas Guatire and Barlovento. The sun on the canton the warm coast and beaches of the entity whilst the cocoa branches represents the agricultural riches of its ground, all reaffirmed with the motto “LIBERTAD O MUERTE” (“Freedom or Death”) which it’s says El Libertador Simón Bolivar takes for himself on the Venezuelan War of
Independence.
- Historical Synthesis: It was approved as a part of the Constitution of Bolivarian State of Miranda on July 25th, 2006 and enthroned by Governor Diosdado Cabello on next August 12th. It’s necessary to mention that the initial proposal included three stars oriented upwards and three downwards disposed in angle on the red stripe.
Sources: Web Site Gobernment of Miranda State, Diario El Universal (Daily El Universal) Diario “Tras la Noticia” ” (Daily “Following News”) August 2006.
Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 15 February 2007

See also: Venezuela - Historical Flags


Previous Flag


image by Guillermo Aveledo, 18 August 2000

Miranda, is one of central northern and coaster state of Venezuela and its was named in honor to the "Generalissimo" (Great Field Marshall) Francisco de Miranda, one of the most illustrious Venezuelan heroes and precursor of South American Independence, who takes part in the French and the American Revolutions. The Miranda State flag is divided in two horizontal and equivalent stripes: the blue (above) represents the "Tuy", the most important river of the state, whilst the green stripe (below) symbolizes the fertile grounds of the region. The rising sun reminds the warms coast and beaches of the entity and the cocoa branches represents the agricultural riches of the land. The Mirandian Coat of Arms is divided per bend. The first quarter (above) shows a ship over quiet sea representing the commerce. The central bend in vert (green) symbolizes the hope whilst the silvered star in the top remind the peace. The third quarter (below) presents a natural landscape with the Tuy River in the middle of a forest with cattle represents the riches of the land. The cornucopias crowning the shield are symbols of abundance. The sugarcane, coffee and cocoa branches at its sides are the principal agricultural products of the state and the three-colored pennant charge how mottoes the followings ephemeris "5 de Julio de 1811" (July 5th, 1811) "20 de Febrero de 1859" (February 20th, 1859) and "14 de Febrero de 1814' (February 14th, 1814).
Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 19 July 2000

Here is image of the flag as it appears at the official site <www.miranda.gov.ve>.
Pablo Acosta Rios, 3 October 2002


Coat of Arms


image by Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 15 February 2007

Coat of Arms - Attributes:
The Mirandian Coat of Arms consists in a Germanic shape filleted in Or and divided per bend; this is, with two diagonal quarters. The Sinister Quarter of the Chief enameled in Or (yellow) shows a sailboat sailing on a quiet sea accompanied by a “curiara” (typical aboriginal boat) guided by two indians. The Dexter Quarter of the Base enameled in Argent shows a natural landscape with a river in the middle of a forest with cattle and the silhouette of mountains. Over all, a Bend (heraldic piece which consist in specie of stripe diagonally disposed from the Dexter Chief to the Sinister Base) enameled in Gules (red) charges a five-pointed star in Argent (white) on the Dexter Canton of the Chief. As External Ornaments, the blazon presents two cornucopias in Gules upsetting its fruits as crest and as supports, branches of coffee and cacao to the dexter and another of sugar cane at the sinister jointed by means of a pennant enameled in Sable (black), Gules (RED) and Or (yellow) charging as mottoes the following ephemeris “5 DE JULIO DE 1811” (“July 5th,1811”); 1° de FEBRERO DE 1817” (“February 1st ,1817”) and “3 DE AGOSTO DE 1806” (“August 3rd , 1806”).
- Semiology: The First Quarter alludes to the commerce whilst the curiara and its conducers represent Cacique (Indian Chief) Guaicaipuro and his warriors. The Second Quarter reminds two landmarks of the regional geography: the Tuy River and the Coaster Ridge symbolizing, besides, the agriculture and the wealth of the ground. The Bend represents the Hope and the Star symbolizes the Peace. The Cornucopias reminds the Abundance. The Coffee, Cocoa and Sugar Cane branches rebounds the main agricultural products of the region. The ephemeris reminds respectively the date when was signed the Act of Independence of Venezuela; the date when was born General Ezequiel Zamora, Hero of Venezuelan Federal War and the date when Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda arrives to Vela de Coro.
- Historical Synthesis. It was approved as a part of the Constitution of Bolivarian State of Miranda on July 25th, 2006.
Sources: Web Site Gobernment of Miranda State.
Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 15 February 2007