Last modified: 2018-04-23 by ivan sache
Keywords: kahramanmaraş |
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Flag of Kahramanmaraş, horizontal and vertical versions - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 7 January 2018
The flag of Kahramanmaraş, used horizontally or vertically (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem. "Büyükşehir Belediyesi" means "Metropolitan Municipality".
The emblem features the Medal of Independence of the Turkish Republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Istiklal Madalyası), awarded on 7 April 1925 to Maraş Province, subsequently renamed to Kahramanmaraş (Heroic Maraş). The medal, also featured on the university emblem, commemorates the first major battle of the Turkish War of Independence, fought in Maraş from 21 January to 13 February 1920. The French troops stationed in Maraş eventually retreated from the town, abandoning 10,000 Armenian refugees who were massacred by the Turkish troops.
Oval gilt bronze medal with loop for ribbon suspension; the face with a
panorama of Ankara, a radiant rising sun beyond, a globe surrounded by working implements and an ox cart and drover in the foreground, dated
‘١٣٣٦’ (AH 1336 = AD 1918); the reverse with a relief map of Turkey, a five-pointed radiant star at Ankara with lines radiating to the major
Turkish cities, a plaque below dated ‘١٣٣٨’ (AH 1338 = AD 1920), all within a crescent with a five-pointed star above, a decorative scroll
below; on trifocals red ribbon for military recipients.
The new Turkish Assembly at Ankara approved the medal on 29 November 1920 and Law 66 was published on 4 April 1921, instituting the medal and suppressing all Ottoman decorations. The defeat of the Central Powers in World War I, of which the Ottoman Empire was one, hastened its final disintegration. A nationalist uprising led by Mustafa Kemal Pasha (Atatürk) fought against the terms of the Treaty of Sèvres which included the Greek occupation of İzmir, resulting in the Turkish War of Independence. On 23 April 1920 the new National Assembly met at Ankara for the first time and, following victory in two years of war with Greek and Allied forces and the remnants of Ottoman power, the Assembly abolished the Sultanate on 11 November 1922 and declared the Turkish Republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), subsequently recognized by the Treaty of Lausanne, 24 July 1923.
[Medal-medaille online shop]
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 19 January 2018
Flag of KASKİ - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 29 January 2018
The flag of KASKİ (photo, photo) is white with the administration's logo.
Tomislav Šipek, 29 January 2018
Flag of KSÜ - Image by Randy Young, 11 January 2016
KSÜ (website) was founded on 11 July 1992. The university is named for Sütçü İmam Ali, a Turkish notable involved in an incident with the French troops that occupied the town, short before the battle of Maraş.
KSÜ is composed of 14 Facutlies, 4 Schools, 8 Vocational Schools and 15 Institutes.
The flag of KSÜ (photo, photo, photo photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo) is white with the university's emblem.
A contest for the university's emblem was organized in 2012. Among 310
designs submitted by 171 proposers, the university's Board of Directors
unanimously awarded on 12 December 2012 the first prize to Gül Mernges,
the second prize to Erhan Koçak, and the third prize to Rumuz Nihmet.
None of these designs, however, appears to have been eventually adopted
as the university's emblem.
[Tasarım Yarışmaları, 16 January 2012]
Esteban Rivera & Ivan Sache, 19 January 2018