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Turkmenistan in the Soviet Union

Turkmenskaâ SSR / Tụrkmenistan SSR

Last modified: 2021-08-26 by rob raeside
Keywords: turkmenian ssr | turkmenistan | hammer and sickle (yellow) | star: 5 points (fimbriated) |
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Туркменская ССР / Түркменистан ССР

Flag of Turkmenian SSR in 1953 image by António Martins, 28 Dec 2002 | two-sided
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Description of the flag

Two blue bars in the middle of the flag; adopted 1 August 1953
Željko Heimer, 17 Apr 1996

According to [fss]: Stripes: 33.3+14.15+5+14.15+33.3. (Values given in %, which makes 99.9%. This is probably due to rounding differences. The three central stripes together were one-third of the flag height, like the red portions each.) Star is contained in imaginary circle of diameter 10% of flag height. hammer and sickle in imaginary square of sides 16.6% of flag height. (Value probably rounded, MS). Vertical axis of star and H&S at 12.5% of flag length. Centre of star is at point 10% of flag height from upper edge of flag. [See also here.]
Mark Sensen, 20 Jun 2001

Is it true that the stripes stand for the rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya, which cross the country SE-NW from the Pamir to the Aral Sea?
António Martins, 19 Jun 2001

The Amu Darya runs along the northeastern border of Turkmenistan, Greek name: Oxus, Arabic: Jayhun. (The Syr Darya — Greek: Jaxartes, Arabic: Saihun — doesn’t flow through Turkmenistan…) The other blue stripe may stand for the river Atrek, which forms the border between Turkmenistan and Iran. Or the Caspian Sea, the western border of Turkmenistan.
Jarig Bakker, 31 Oct 2002

Reverse of the flag

Back of the flag
image by António Martins, 28 Oct 2002 | two-sided reverse

No hammer, sickle and star on the reverse side.
Mark Sensen, 25 May 1997

Officially reverse looked like obverse without star and hammer-sickle. But in fact I never saw these flags without star, hammer-sickle. Real flags (all 15) usually were either with reverse analogous to obverse (but with star and hammer-and-sickle near the hoist) or with reverse = mirrored obverse.
Victor Lomantsov, 30 Nov 2002

Coat of arms

soviet turkmen CoAimage by M. Schmöger, 13 Sep 2001 (source: [hzg80])

The emblem of the SSR was introduced 2 March 1937 (according to Hesmer [hes92]) and replaced was by the current one on 19 February 1992. The SSR emblem already contained one of the carpet designs featured in the current flag and the current arms.
M. Schmöger, 16 Sep 2001