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History of the Jalisco state flag, Mexico

Last modified: 2023-05-06 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | jalisco | history | guadalajara | blue | yellow |
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Flag of Jalisco
by Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco and Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 22 May 2011
Adopted By decree 23121/LIX/10 published on 7 August 2010, in effect from 8 August 2010.
In use since 2020, officially hoisted on 10 January 2023.

See also:

New Galicia

The Kingdom of New Galicia, founded about 1532, was a constituent territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain gaining broad domestic autonomy in 1574, excepting a short period from 1588 to 1591; the Viceroy's authority just might intervene in military and fiscal matters. Note that New Galicia was not a Viceroyaly by its own, it was named "Kingdom", though it was not governed by a King but by a "governor" who was at the same time president of the Royal Audience of Guadalajara. The capital of the so-called Kingdom of New Galicia was first established at Compostela (currently in the State of Nayarit); then on May 10, 1560, by a royal certificate, it was moved to Guadalajara. The Kingdom of New Galicia desappeared in 1786 to become the Intendencia of Guadalajara; this allowed the central government to intervene in internal matters. When Mexico achieved independence on 27 September, 1821, and became an Empire, the Intendencia of Guadalajara became the Department of Guadalajara (incorrectly known as Province of Guadalajara) as a constituent part of the Empire. On 23 June 1823, the Department of Guadalajara, became the Estado Libre y Soberano de Xalisco, a constituent part of the federal republic of the United Mexican States.
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, July 17, 2001.

New Galicia, that covered most of the current Jalisco's territory including also the current states of Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, and Nayarit, just like other kingdoms, intendencies or provinces within New Spain, had not a flag for its onwn. It is incorrectly believed that the current flag of Guadalajara was that of New Galicia, there isn't any prove of that so far.
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, July 17, 2001.

Pre-1989 unofficial flag

Unofficial flag of Jalisco prior 1989
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 23 July 2022

Unofficial flag of Jalisco prior 1989
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 23 July 2022


Flag of Jalisco used from 1989-2008 [Defacto flag until 2008] [Design is an acceptable variant] [State flag]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, May 06, 2001
1 | 2 | 3 |

Until 2008, Jalisco flew a white flag with the state coat of arms in the center. It is unknown when the flag was exactly adopted. This flag was meant to be replaced by the current one adopted by the Decree 21821-LVII-07. Nevertheless, the white flag was still being used at official meetings and events throughout 2008, such as the Mexican University Games and the Mexican National Olympics.
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, December, 2008.

1990's flag proposal

Proposal flag for Jalisco Flag proposal Based on written description
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, July 17, 2001

"The first news of the existence of a flag in the state of Jalisco came to me through a young Mexican vexilologist who gave me the description. He said that the flag could be seen in Guadalajara quite often. Nevertheless, I believe that contradictory news were mixed, on one hand the existence of a flag project with blue and yellow colours and on the other hand the exhibition of a flag with these colours as local flag of the city of Guadalajara, that apparently was based on the supposed colours of the Kingdom of Nueva Galicia. Immediately I requested official information to the governor of the State. Later, I contacted an Argentinian vexilologist living in Mexico, Luis Havas, who talked to Mr. Fernando Navarro, officer of the Centro de Atención para los Asuntos dirigidos al Gobernador (Center for the Attention of the Matters Addressed to the Governor of the State of Jalisco), who, by chance, had recived my letter addressed to the governor. Mr. Navarro said that he knew nothing about the issue, but he promised to ask the Congress and see if there was any bill in such sense. Luis Havas then talked to Mrs. Patricia de la Torre, researcher of the Congress of the State of Jalisco, who was in possession of the project about such a flag. It was, at first, a small flag that the businessmen of Jalisco gave to the governor, at the time, of the opposing party PAN whose colours are blue and white. The project the governor supported and passed it to Congress' Legal Director Mr. Palomino. The project remains under consideration, and when it is finished it shall be submitted as a bill, and if passed - and over all, if it is 'approved' by the Secretariat of the Interior (headed by a PRI member), then it is possible that Mexico will have for the first time a flag for a state. Mrs. de la Torre promised to send all the precedents.

E-mail from María Patricia de la Torre, Congress of the State of Jalisco, received through Luis Havas:

Excuse me for not having answered your letter sooner, I send you my best regards again and I inform you that the project is still under consideration, but the flag was made by Mr. Jorge García Fernández and Mr. Alejandro Fruchier, President and Director, respectivelly, of the Business Council of Jalisco. Their telephone is 013 634 89 34, ext. 207. As you rightly say it is a formidable idea, that is still under consideraiton. Any advance, if 'authorized', will be communicated to you at once. Thanks for your interest, and best wishes.

On Monday, Luis Havas tried to take contact with some of the mentioned people. On 18 January 1999 it was received the complete information from the government of the state by means of the Center for the Attention of the Matters Addressed to the Governor (...) Constitutional Governor Alberto Cardenas Jiménez ordered the sending of the requested information, collected by Fernando Navarro Toriz. (...)

Concerning the new flag Mr. Navarro says:

There exist the project is to be submitted as a bill to the Congress in order to approve an official flag, but it is yet in process of approval by the governor. Such a project is a proposal flag divided into two vertical halves, blue in the hoist and gold in the fly; in the center the official coat-of-arms.

Jaume Ollé, Flag Report 13, May 9, 2001

The flag actually in use is that in white with the state arms in the center. However, as reporter also by Jaume Ollé in Flag Report 13, there is a bill on the State Flag. According some state representatives and Mr. Palomino (Congress Head Director and the person whom originally sent the proposal to the Congress in late 1990s), the bill (entitled Ley de la Bandera del Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco) is planned to be discused in the next few days by the Comisión de Asuntos Constitucionales (Comission of Constitutional Matters), if approved, then it shall be passed by the whole State Congress. This last step could take some weeks, but according Mr. Palomino, by February 2005 may have a final resolution. Thus if passed, Jalisco shall be the very first Mexican state in adopt, by law, a local flag. By the way, the desing proposed is as published in Flag Report 13 but there will be some changes in the coat of arms.
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, December 08, 2004.

Ca. 2001 unofficial horizontal bicolor with state coat of arms

Alternative flag of Jalisco: horizontal bicolor with the 1989 state's coat of arms
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, February 22, 2007
1 | 2 |

2004 unofficial sports flags

Alternative flag of Jalisco: blue-yellow plain bicolor
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, February 22, 2007

Alternative flag of Jalisco: blue-yellow/blue plain vertical triband
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, February 22, 2007

2008 - 2023

Flag of the State of Jalisco in use since 2008 4:7 [Civil and State flag] [Design is an acceptable variant] [Alternate version of flag]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán from coat of arms by Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco, 22 May, 2011
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Adopted on 22 February 2008 by decree 21821-LVII-07 published on 22 February 2007.

Color specifications based on a corporate identity manual (Manual de Identidad del Gobierno del Estado) pubished in May 2007

Black 100% 0-0-0-100 0-0-0
Grey 30% 0-0-0-30 205-205-205
Brown 1535 0-100-51-38 177-123-0
Green 348 100-79-0-27 0-132-95
Blue 287 100-0-69-11 32-80-153
Red 485 0-91-100-0 223-0-47
Yellow 116 0-94-15-0 248-224-30

Capítulo Tercero
De la Bandera del Estado de Jalisco

Artículo 14. La Bandera del Estado de Jalisco consiste en un rectángulo dividido en dos franjas verticales de medidas idénticas, con los colores en el siguiente orden a partir del asta: Azul y Oro. Entre las franjas Azul y Oro y al centro, tiene el Escudo Estatal, con un diámetro de tres cuartas partes del ancho de dicha franja. La proporción entre anchura y longitud de la bandera, es de cuatro a siete. Podrá llevar un lazo o corbata de los mismos colores, al pie de la moharra.

Artículo 15. Los honores a la Bandera Nacional se harán siempre con antelación a los que deban rendirse a la Bandera del Estado o a personas.

Artículo 16. Los ayuntamientos y planteles educativos, oficiales y particulares del Estado deberán contar con la Bandera del Estado, con el objeto de rendirle honores y emplearla en actos cívicos.

Artículo 17. Toda reproducción de la Bandera del Estado de Jalisco deberá corresponder fielmente al modelo al que se refiere el artículo 14 de esta Ley.

Which translated reads (summary):

    - The flag is rectagular, verticaly divided in two equal bands, the hoist is blue and the fly is gold.
    - The State coat of arms, whose diameter (sic) is 3/4ths. the width of the stripe, is centered on the field.
    - The flag is proportioned 4:7.
    - It could carry a rope or a cravatte bellow truck.
    - The National Flag shall always be honored before the State flag.
    - Councils, and public and private schools shall own a sample of the State flag.
    - Every sample of the flag shall match the description given before.

From Decree 21821-LVII-07, Congreso del Estado de Jalisco
Located and translated by: Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán
December, 2008.

2011 official specifications

Flag of the State of Jalisco as described in the Flag Act of 7 August 2010 4:7 [Civil and State flag] [Design is an acceptable variant] [Alternate version of flag]
According to the Nuevo Escudo de Armas de Jalisco. Aplicaciones gráficas in effect from 1 January 2011.
reported by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 7 July 2011
1, 2, 3, 4

Official specification of the flag
Click on the image to enlarge
From Nuevo Escudo de Armas de Jalisco. Aplicaciones Gráficas
Reported by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 23 July 2022

Color specifications

  Grey 30% 0-0-0-30 205-205-205
Green 348 100-0-85-24 0-132-95
Blue 287 100-69-0-11 32-80-153
Red 485 0-91-100-0 223-0-47
Yellow 116 0-16-100-0 248-224-30

Anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page.