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Dictionary of Vexillology: S (Scallop Shell - Scythian Cap)
Last modified: 2022-09-10 by rob raeside
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In heraldry see ‘escallop’.
Morissen, Switzerland (fotw);
Arms of Fraião, Portugal (fotw)
1) (adj) Where the edges of a flag are cut into repeated semi-circular shapes
– an indented edge.
2) (adj) The term may also be used when the top edge of a shield is seen with two (or more) semi-circular cut-outs
– but see the note below (also ‘shield’).
Example; Two Merchant Flags, Portugal 16th/17th Century (fotw)
Please note that in heraldry a division line within
a shield or banner of arms is not scalloped, but is either engrailed
or invected – see ‘engrailed’ and
A cross with arms of equal width, whose horizontal arm runs along the centre
of the flag, but whose vertical arm is off-centred towards the hoist – a Nordic
– but see the note below (also ‘splitflag 1)’ and ‘splitflag 2)’).
National Flag of
National Arms of Iceland (fotw);
National Flag of Norway (fotw)
Please note that this term should only be used for those flags which are
from, or have a connection with the Scandinavian region (such as that of the Shetland Islands), otherwise see
‘off-centred cross 2)’
SCANDINAVIAN-TYPE (or SCANDINAVIAN-STYLE) CROSS
See ‘off-centred cross 2)’.
Flag of Saar 1947-1956, Germany (fotw)
SCARF (or SCARVES)
The heraldic term for a (or the) small ecclesiastical banner (or banners) fixed to the top of a bishop’s crosier (see
also ‘banderole’), ‘crozier’ and ’stringed’).
Flag of Samotišky, Czechia (fotw);
Flag of Opatovice, Czechia (fotw);
Flag of Světlá , Czechia (fotw)
SCEPTRE (or SCEPTER)
An ornamental rod or wand, and originally symbolic of a monarch’s temporal power (see also ‘crown’ and
Honour Flag c1860, Austria/Hungary (fotw);
National Flag of Montenegro;
Flag of Kareli, Georgia (fotw)
See 'tugh 1)’ and its following note.
Source: National Music Museum, used with permission
The German term covering a cross pattée – see ‘cross pattée’
House Flag of Christoph Lamprecht,
1) A type of flag, now obsolete, which shows a strip along its top edge
that extends beyond the fly to become a tongue (see also ‘engrailed fly’,
‘stepped fly’ and
2) A form of flag where a triangular tongue extends from the upper fly corner of the flag – but see note a) below.
3) The tail or tongue as described above.
Flag of Zurich c1400, Switzerland (fotw);
Flag of Tetouan, Morocco 1968 - 1976 (fotw);
Flag of Beni Mellal, Morocco 1968 – 1976 (fotw)
a) With regard to 2), the Editors suggest that the term “tongue”(as referenced above) should be used where this projection forms an integral part of the flag as referenced above and illustrated below.
b) Definition 3) is based upon the original German this term refers only to the tail.
Flag of Wloclawek City, Poland (fotw)
The term for an oriental sword with a single-edged curved blade and plain cross guard, whose blade is often seen widening from hilt to tip – but see ‘sabre’ and its following note.
Flag of Middlesex, UK (fotw); Flag of
Virovitica, Croatia (fotw);
Standard of Baroda, India, c1939 (fotw)
A term for the representation of an animal or engine-driven device for the lifting of water from one level to another (see also ‘waterwheel’ and ‘windmill).
Flag and Arms of Hude, Germany (fotw);
Flag of Bairros, Portugal (fotw)
See ‘St Andrew's Cross 2)’.
National flag of Scotland (fotw)
A usually narrow ribbon of varying length and elaboration; it is normally
(but not exclusively) placed below the shield in a set of armorial bearings or
an emblem, and is inscribed with a motto or the name of a state or other
entity – a ribbon – but see ‘ribbon scroll 2)’
(also ‘Appendix IV’,
‘coat of arms’,
Flag of Juba, South Sudan (fotw);
The National Emblem of Brunei (fotw);
The Flag of The State of New Jersey, US (fotw)
See ‘cap of liberty’.
Flag of Pereira, Chile (io9.com)
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