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Special Tribunal for Lebanon

Last modified: 2023-12-09 by zachary harden
Keywords: un | tribunal | lebanon | court | scales |
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[Special Tribunal for Lebanon]
image by Zoltan Horvath, 30 November 2014

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"The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) (المحكمة الخاصة بلبنان, Tribunal spécial pour le Liban) is a tribunal of international character, whose official languages are Arabic, French and English, established to hold trials for the people accused of carrying out the attack of 14 February 2005 which killed 23, including the former Lebanese prime minister Rafiq Hariri, and injured many others. The seat of the tribunal is in the Netherlands; it has Lebanese and international staff, and tries people under Lebanese criminal law.
The Tribunal was established by an agreement between the United Nations and the Lebanese government pursuant to Security Council resolution 1664 (2006) of 29 March 2006. The United Nations Security Council, acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, endorsed the agreement on 30 May 2007 (Security Council Resolution 1757 (2007)).
"For reasons of security, administrative efficiency and fairness, the tribunal has its seat outside Lebanon, in Leidschendam, on the outskirts of The Hague, The Netherlands. The premises of the Tribunal is the former Algemene Inlichtingen- en VeiligheidsDienst (AIVD) building. It was announced in March 2010 that the STL courtroom would also serve as a courtroom for the Special Court for Sierra Leone.
The Special Tribunal is a "hybrid" international court, similar to the Special Court for Sierra Leone and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC). The STL does not apply international criminal law, but rather Lebanese criminal law (Article 2 of the Statute of the Special Tribunal). Accordingly, it also is similar to the Section I for War Crimes and Section II for Organized Crime, Economic Crime and Corruption of the Criminal and Appellate Divisions of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina which has such "hybrid" chambers."
"The STL is the first tribunal of an international character to deal with terrorism as a distinct crime committed outside the context of an armed conflict. The Tribunal was established by UN Security Council Resolution 1757 (2007), which reaffirmed that the attack of 14 February 2005 and its implications constituted a “threat to international peace and security”. In its decision of 16 February 2011 on the law to be applied by the Tribunal, the STL’s Appeals Chamber clarified that the Tribunal applies Lebanese domestic law – including the crime of terrorism stipulated in Article 314 of the Lebanese Criminal Code – in consonance with international conventional and customary law. The Appeals Chamber’s decision also defined terrorism as a crime under customary international law for the first time."
For additional information go to STL (official website)
Esteban Rivera, 29 November 2014

The Flag

Its flag is seen here, here and here. It's a horizontal flag, with a light blue column to the hoist and the rest being plain white, with the logo in the middle. The logo mixes the universal symbol of justice (the scale or balance) and the cedar tree.
Esteban Rivera, 29 November 2014