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Alcalá del Valle (Municipality, Andalusia, Spain)

Last modified: 2015-09-08 by ivan sache
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Flag of Alcalá del Valle, two reported versions - Images by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 3 May 2014

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Presentation of Alcalá del Valle

The municipality of Alcalá del Valle (5,261 inhabitants in 2013; 4,689 ha; municipal website) is located in the north-eastern corner of the Province of Cádiz, on the border with the Province of Málaga, 160 km from Cádiz.

Alcalá del Valle was founded by 25 Moors expelled form Setenil by the Catholic Monarchs, who established a settlement named Al-kala. Some experts, however, beliive that Alcalá was already settled during the Al-Ándalus period, the town being famous for its soap factory.
Alcalá was acquired in 1559 for 1,573,000 maravedis by Hernando Valdés, Archbishop of Seville and Inquisitor General. Less than one year later, the town was transfered to Diego Bernuy, Regidor of Burgos, who was granted the title of Marshall of Alcalá as a reward for his support to the crown.

Ivan Sache, 23 March 2014

Symbols of Alcalá del Valle

The flag of Alcalá del Valle is presented as horizontally divided white-red on the municipal website, but as horizontally divided red-white on the Símbolos de Cadíz website.

The coat of arms of Alcalá del Valle is prescribed by Decree No. 1,635, adopted on 10 July 1969 by the Spanish Government and published on 30 July 1969 in the Spanish official gazette, No. 181, p. 11,929 (text). This was confirmed by a Decree adopted on 30 November 2004 by the Directorate General of the Local Administration and published on 20 December 2004 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 246, pp. 28,986-29,002 (text).
The arms, validated by the Royal Academy of History, are dscribed as follows:

Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. Azure a tower argent masoned sable, 2. Argent a holly oak proper. The shield surmounted by a Marquis' coronet.

The tower recalls the Arab name of the place, Al-kala. The holly oak is characteristic of the natural environment of the town. The planted pastures were used for long as a complement to agriculture (hunting, grazing, charcoal production etc.)
[Símbolos de las Entidades Locales de Andalucía. Cádiz (PDF file)]

Klaus-Michael Schneider & Ivan Sache, 3 May 2014