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Solarana (Municipality, Castilla y León, Spain)

Last modified: 2019-01-13 by ivan sache
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Flag of Solarana - Image by Ivan Sache, 27 February 2014

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Presentation of Solarana

The municipality of Solarana (95 inhabitants in 2012; 1,465 ha; unofficial website) is located in the south of the Province of Burgos.

Solarana was the site of a Celtiberian fortified camp (castrum), excavated in the early 20th century by Saturio González, a friar from the Silos monastery, also a noted archeologist. Covering some 12.5 ha, the castrum could house up to 2,500 inhabitants, being therefore one of the biggest Celtiberian settlements in Province of Burgos. The village was increased In the Roman period, when a way and an aqueduct served the settlement. A second settlement developed in the 4th-5th centuries close to the Fuente Untierma (Warm Fountain), probably named for Roman thermae. There is no evidence of a re-settlement of the village until the 12th century; a document by Alfonso VII mentions the La Fuente estate, considered by López Mata as a first nucleus of re- settlement established close to the Fuente Untierma.
Solarana belonged in the 14th century to Admiral Bonifaz, who was succeeded in the 15th century by the Velasco, Constables of Castile, and in the 18th century by the Dukes of Frías. Solarana was considered as a quite rich village, with much more fertile land than the neighbouring settlements.

The origin of the name of the village is still a matter of speculation. Some say that it refers to solana, a word used in Castile to designate an open area lit by the sun. Other refer to an old estate known as Solar de Doľa Ana. A book of charters of the San Pedro monastery of Arlanza, dated 1156, lists the village as Solerana.

Ivan Sache, 27 February 2014

Symbols of Solarana

The flag of Solarana (photo) is rectangular, yellow with a red cross and the municipal coat of arms in the middle.
The coat of arms of Solarana is "Or, a fountain argent pouring water azure surrounded by two trees vert terraced of the same, a chief gules two ears or per saltire surrounded by two towers of the same. The shield surmounted by a Royal Spanish crown".

Ivan Sache, 27 February 2014