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Zug canton (Switzerland)

Last modified: 2024-06-01 by martin karner
Keywords: switzerland | zug | canton | german |
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[Flag of Zug] image by António Martins

See also:

Description of the flag

Argent, a fess azure.

On a white field, a horizontal blue band.

Symbolism of the flag

The arms of Zug were probably granted by Rudolf of Habsburg, whose own arms were "gules, a fess argent" (i.e. same design, different colours). The original owners of Zug were the counts of Lenzburg whose arms were a blue disk on a white field. Thus the Zug flag and arms appear to be derived from Habsburg and Lenzburg (Some sources attribute the colour influence to neighboring Luzern and Zurich). A fess is sometimes interpreted to be a military belt or a girdle of honour.
T.F. Mills, 17 October 1997

History of the flag

Zug was a town of the Austrian dukes and waged war against the Swiss Confederation, most notably at the battle of Morgarten in 1315. The Austrians used Zug as a wedge and staging point in campaigns against the Swiss, but when in 1351 Zurich joined the Confederation, Zug was totally surrounded and its position untenable. The Swiss besieged Zug, and when it became clear that Duke Albrecht had abandoned them, they opened their gates and went over to the Confederate side. By the Peace of Thorberg in 1368 Zug was officially admitted to the Confederation, but in 1414 this arrangement was backdated to 1352. The earliest evidence of the Zug flag is dated at 1319.
T.F. Mills, 17 October 1997

[First seal of Zug (1319), circumscription: S. VNIVERSITATIS DE ZVGE (seal of the community of Zug) (source). –
Banner of Zug, early 16th century. 77x115.5 cm. Location: Museum Burg Zug (source). –
Stained glass plate (ca. 1530), banner bearer with Julius Banner (Zwickelbild: Lamentation of Christ), coat of arms. In the left upper corner St. Oswald, a patron saint of Zug, in the right corner St. George, fighting with a dragon (patch from an other pane). Location: Museum Burg Zug (source). –
City banner of Zug, carried in the Second War of Kappel (1531), with unusual vertical stripes (source: [b7b42]). –
Stained glass plate (1557) by Carl von Egeri. On the right the banner carrier (Bannerherr) Wolfgang Kolin with the Julius Banner. On the left a Captain with Confederate Crosses on his chest strap. Location: monastery of Muri (source). –
Coin "Engeltaler" (1565), with coat of arms (source). –
Banner of Zug, captured by Protestant troops in the Toggenburg War (1712, a.k.a. Second War of Villmergen) (b/w photo, source: [b7b42]).]

Colour Flag

[Colour Flag ZG] image by Ole Andersen

Rectangular cantonal flag, as shown in Kannik (1956) [So-called colour flag (Farbenfahne in German). As a special case the colour flag of ZG keeps the design of the regular flag].
Ole Andersen, 4 August 2002

Flaggen, Knatterfahnen and Livery Colours




[livery colours]

by Pascal Gross

Flaggen are vertically hoisted from a crossbar in the manner of gonfanon, in ratio of about 2:9, with a swallowtail that indents about 2 units. The chief, or hoist (square part) usually incorporates the design from the coat of arms – not from the flag. The fly part is always divided lengthwise, usually in a bicolour, triband or tricolour pattern (except Schwyz which is monocolour, and Glarus which has four stripes of unequal width). The colours chosen for the fly end are usually the main colours of the coat of arms, but the choice is not always straight forward.

Knatterfahnen are similar to Flaggen, but hoisted from the long side and have no swallow tail. They normally show the national, cantonal or communal flag in their chiefs.

Željko Heimer, 16 July 2000

Early 20th century flag design

       images located by Martin Karner
(source)                                                                                (source)

At the beginning of the 20th century, flamed flags were still in use, with the white cross replaced by a (baroque) shield in the centre of the flag. These decorative flags had been used until WWII and then somewhat forgotten in preference of the current cantonal flags. [Today they are being produced again, see right image]
Pascal Gross, 30 June 2002

See also:   - Other examples of "Early 20th century flag design": CH, AG, AI, AR, BE, BL, BS, FR, GE, GL, GR, JU, LU, NE, NW, OW, SG, SH, SO, SZ, TG, TI, UR, VD, VS, ZH
                 - Modern flamed flags


image located by Martin Karner (8 May 2024)