Last modified: 2011-06-11 by ian macdonald
Keywords: india | indian princely state | bhopal | tughra |
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imageby Jorge Candeias
Bhopal was a former state, South Central India States, India; 6,921 square miles; incorporated 1956 in Madhya Pradesh. Chief state of former Bhopal Agency and next to Hyderabad the most important
Muslim state in India. Surface broken by Vindhya Mts; Narmada River
formed its southern border. Founded 1723 by Dost Mohammed Khan, an Afghan chieftain who had served under Aurangzeb; made treaty
arrangements with British government 1817; ruled by female line (Begums of Bhopal) 1844-1926.
Jarig Bakker, 10 November 1998
From Filcher (1984):
SULTANATE OF BHOPAL
Princely States of Central India, Kingdoms of Gwalior and Bhopal, Present-day Madhya Pradesh
19 Gun Salute
Area: 17, 925 sq. km
Acceded to the Union of India on June 1, 1949, Founded in 1707 by an Afghan, Dost Mohammed
Flag of the Begum:
The Begum of Bhopal has a rectangular tricolor standard black - white - green in horizontal stripes of equal length with a yellow fringe ... with a silver crown on the top stripe ... Arab ideograms in gold, on the middle stripe the "Tughra" in gold (the tughra is the signature of the Muslim Sovereigns; it appears too on the standards <and stamps> of the Ottoman sultans and the Afghan king). On top of the flag mast the coat of arms in gold.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 28 January 2003
image located by Jarig Bakker, from Ziggiotto (1998).