- The alternative heraldic term for a crown of rue - see ‘crown of rue’.
Arms of Saxony, Germany (fotw); Royal Standard of the
Kingdom of Saxony 1815–1918 (fotw)
- 1)A decorative scarf, usually in national or livery colours and often richly decorated,
generally tied with a bow to the staff below the finial, normally (but by no means exclusively)
used with military flags and sometimes displayed with a cockade (see also
‘cockade 1)’, ‘cord(s)
‘national colours 2)’ and
- 2) Long black ribbons tied to the staff of a military colour below the finial
to signify mourning by the regiment or unit concerned for the loss of members
of that regiment, or when participating in a military or state funeral - but see
Presidential Standard, France 1940 – 1943 (fotw & CS); National Flag of Mexico (fotw)
Please note with regard to 1) that in French military usage, and possibly
in others, the cravat is employed (including use with car flags) to differentiate
between ranks and functions (see also ‘fanion 3)’,
‘jack of honour’, ‘lanyard 1)’ and ‘lanyard pennant’.
- In vexillology, a term that is sometimes used to describe the battlements of a tower,
castle or wall in place of its heraldic equivalents – see
Flag of Judeţul Cahul 1998-2003, Moldova (fotw)
- CRENELLED (or CRENELLÉ)
- Alternative heraldic terms to embattled - see ‘embattled’.
Arms and Flag of Pyskowice, Poland (fotw)
- 1) In vexillology, a charge in the shape of a crescent moon formed by two interlinked
circles of varying size, generally (but not invariably) shown with the open horns towards
the fly – a quarter-moon (see also
‘waning or waxing moon’).
- 2) In heraldry a charge in the form of a crescent moon whose horns unless otherwise
specified point upwards – but see ‘moon 2)’ with following notes,
and the note b) below (also ‘lunel’).
Naval Flag of the Ottoman Empire c1840 (fotw);
Former Flag of Obdam, The Netherlands (fotw);
Odèn, Spain (fotw)
a) With regard to 1) the crescent is often (but not invariably) considered to be symbolic of Islam.
b) Regarding 2) a crescent whose horns point downward (as illustrated
above) may be termed inverted or reversed – see ‘reversed 2)’.
- 1) The heraldic term for a symbol that is usually (but not invariably)
attached to the helm, is almost always set above a torse and generally
ensigned over the shield (see also ‘Appendix IV’,
‘coat of arms’,
- 2) See ‘ship’s crest’.
- 3) See ‘military crest’.
- 4) The term is sometimes used to describe a shield or set of armorial bearing – but see note below.
Arms of Josipdol, Croatia (fotw);
Ship’s crest of HMS Sovereign (Wikipedia);
State Military Crest of New Mexico, US (fotw)
Please note that the term crest should only be used
as specifically defined defined in 1), 2) and 3) above, and should not be considered as a synonym for a coat of arms or set
of armorial bearings (see also
‘armorial bearings’ and
‘coat of arms’).
- CREW’S MEAL PENNANT
- See ‘meal pennant’.
Crew’s Meal Pennant, US (fotw)
- CROATIAN WATTLE
- See ‘wattle(d) 1)’
Flag of Ustasha Youth 1941 - 1945, Croatia (fotw)
- 1) A ceremonial headpiece consisting of a circlet (almost invariably) made of precious metal and adorned with pearls/gemstones – see note a) below (also ‘coronet 1)’, ‘coronet 2)’, ‘orb’ and ‘sceptre’).
2) A variously detailed charge symbolizing the status or identity of a particular institution or organization (see also ‘astral crown’, ‘crown of arms’, ‘civic crown 2)’, ‘mural crown 1)’, ‘provincial crown’ and ‘naval crown’.
3) In heraldry see ‘antique crown 2)’, ‘civic crown
1)’, ‘crown triumphal’, ‘ensigned’
and ‘mural crown 2)’.
Royal Crowns, Denmark,
a) With regard to 1), a crown with a curved
bar or bars across the top and a cap within generally (but not invariably) signifies
a reigning monarch, however, the actual design will usually be specific
to a given country and considerable variations exist.
Regarding 3), in
heraldry the term "crown" has a wider use than those referenced above, and it
is suggested that a
specialist glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted for full details.
- CROWN COLOURS (or COLORS)
- A translation of the Spanish term Banderas Coronelas and referring to a Queen’s, King’s or Imperial Colour - see
‘colour 2)’ and ‘colours 2)’.
Crown/King’s Colour of the Royal Infantry Guard 1794, Spain (fotw); Crown/Queen’s Colour of the Regiment of Chasseurs Isabel II 1841-1844, Spain (fotw)
- In heraldry see ‘ensigned’
Lesser Arms and Grand-Ducal Standard of Luxembourg (fotw);
State Arms of Norway (fotw)
- CROWN OF ARMS
- A newly introduced term – and a translation of the German Wappenkrone - that may be used to describe the type of crown which is created from a series related arms, and possibly inspired by the
pavisade – see ‘pavisade’ (also
‘coat of arms 2)’,
‘mural crown 1)’ and
‘provincial crown 2)’.
Middle Arms and State Flag of Baden-Württemberg,
- CROWN OF RUE
- The heraldic term for a coronet placed in bend – or diagonally – across rather
than above a shield or quarter – a crancelin (see also ‘bend’,
Flag of Saxony, Germany (fotw);
Royal Standard of the Kingdom of Saxony 1815–1918 (fotw);
Flag of Land Hadeln, Germany (fotw)
- CROWN OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
- In Christian, particularly Iberian tradition, the term for a crown bearing a dove set on its central point (see also ‘marian crown’ and its following note).
Flag and Arms of Ilha, Portugal (fotw);
Flag of Feteira, Portugal (fotw)
- CROWN TRIUMPHAL
- The heraldic term for a closed garland or chaplet, usually composed of laurel
leaves, and based on the ancient Roman triumphal ornament (see also
‘civic crown 2)’,
‘wreath of immortelles’).
- In some Christian usages the ceremonial staff of a prelate - a bishop or
archbishop’s crook or pastoral staff (see also ‘mitre’ and
Flag of Bassenge, Belgium (fotw);
Arms of Santo Tirso, Portugal (fotw); Flag of
Dugo Selo, Croatia (fotw)
- The term, and a translation from the Portuguese, that is used in largely South European heraldry when a charge (such as an orb or crown) is ensigned with a cross - see ‘ensigned’.
Flag of Vila Nova do Campo, Portugal (fotw); Arms and Flag of São Salvador do Campo, Portugal (fotw)
- A term for the central point at which the two triangles formed by a swallow-tailed
cut in the fly meet (see also ‘orthogonal’,
Naval Ensign of Germany (fotw); Flag of
Námestovo, Slovakia (fotw)
- CRUTCH CROSS
- A translation of the German term Kruckenkreuz - in heraldry see ‘cross potent’).
A flag of the Christian Falangist Party, Germany (fotw)
- CUSTOMS FLAG (ENSIGN, JACK or PENNANT)
- A flag or ensign, different from the national/state flag or government ensign or a pennant, which specifically identifies the installations or vessels
of a country’s customs service (see also ‘national flag’,
‘government ensign’ and ‘service ensign’ under ‘ensign’,
and ‘state flag’).
Israel; Customs Flag, Sudan
Customs Flag, Cambodia (fotw)
- CUT-AND-PASTE FLAG
- See ‘friendship flag’.
Canada-US Friendship/Cut-and-Paste Flag (fotw)
- CYBERVEXILLOLOGY (or CYBERVEX)
- Vexillological research and/or the publication of vexillological information
using electronic means, particularly the Internet or other electronic delivery
- See ‘royal cypher 1)’ and
Cypher of the French Republic (CS)