- 1) A heraldic term for when the main ordinary on a shield, banner of
arms or flag is placed in a lower position than is usual - lowered (see also
‘banner of arms’, ‘enhanced’ and
2) A term that may also be used when a shield is placed in a lower position than is normal (see also ‘shield 1)’).
Examples (2); Flag of Olszyna, Poland (fotw)
- A heraldic term that covers the various symbols of disgrace appearing on (or disfiguring) the arms of those guilty of a dishonourable act – staynande colours (see also ‘stains’ and ‘coward’ with their following notes).
1) There is no evidence that these symbols were anything other than theoretical, and in addition:
2) A detailed description of them is beyond the remit of this Dictionary, so the Editors suggest that a suitable work on heraldry be consulted if further information is required
- See ‘in abeyance’.
Former First Class Commodore’s Broad Pennant, UK (fotw)
- 1) In vexillology a term used when a charge (or charges) is (or are) placed
the top of, or immediately above
another – but see ‘above 2)’ and ‘surmounted by 1)’ (also
2) In heraldry, see ‘ensigned’.
National Flag of Zambia (fotw); National Flag of
State Flag of Hungary (fotw)
- ABSENCE PENNANT (or ABSENTEE PENNANT)
- 1) In widespread naval usage, one of four pennants (the first to the fourth
substitute in the NATO Code of Signals) displayed (from the port or starboard yardarm) in
port when the commanding officer of a ship
or the flag officer or civil official whose flag has been flying in that ship is temporarily
absent from the vessel (see also
'international code of signal flags’,
‘international code of signals’ and
- 2) See ‘owner absent flag’.
First Substitute (Flag Officer Absent),
Second Substitute (Chief of Staff Absent), Third Substitute (Captain Absent),
Fourth Substitute (Civil/Military Official Absent) (fotw)
- An alternative heraldic term to gorged - see ‘gorged’.
Flag of Elgg, Switzerland (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Ourém, Portugal (fotw)
- An alternative heraldic term to attired - see ‘attired’.
Flag and Arms of Blížejov, Czechia (fotw)
- A term sometimes used by textile experts involved in fabric conservation,
and describes the soiling, mildew damage or other defects that occur on the surface
of a flag.
- ACHIEVEMENT (OF ARMS)
- 1) In heraldry see ‘armorial bearings’.
- 2) In strict heraldic practice all the armorial bearings of a deceased person as displayed at that person’s
funeral – a funeral achievement or hatchment (see also
‘coat of arms’,
Achievement of Arms/Armorial Bearings of Barbados
and of Guyana (fotw); Achievement of Arms/Armorial Bearings of the Late Sir Winston Churchill, UK
Please note with regard to 2) that if all the armorial bearings of a deceased person are displayed on a
flag they become a great banner, or if less than all a bannerole, both as referenced above.
- The French for colourless – but see ‘monochrome 1)’.
Achromatic Illustration of 1993 (Tomislav Todorovic)
- ACORN (or ACORNED) CROSS
- In largely South European heraldry, the alternative terms used to describe a Greek
Cross adorned with acorns, and symbolic of St Anthony in the Portuguese
tradition – a term, as far as can be discovered, unknown in English heraldry
(See also ‘cross tau’
and ‘Greek cross’).
Armação de Pêra, Portugal (fotw); Flag and Arms of
Santo António dos Cavaleiros e Frielas, Portugal (fotw)
- ACTION PENNANT
- See ‘paying off pennant’.
- In vexillology a term that may be used to describe when the rays
of a star or sun emblem, or a radiating stripe, are shown with undulating or wavy curves – see
‘active and inactive’ below and
‘star’ and its following note,
‘sun emblem’ and
Flag of Kyrgyzstan (fotw);
Unofficial Flag of Guadeloupe (fotw);
Flag of Pernambuco, Brazil (fotw)
- ACTIVE AND INACTIVE
- In vexillology a term that may be used to describe when the rays of a star or sun
emblem are shown with alternating wavy and straight rays – but see
(also ‘active’ above,
‘star’ and its following note,
‘sun emblem’ and
National Flag of
Argentina (fotw); National Emblem and Flag of
- ADDITION(S) OF HONOUR (or HONOR)
- See ‘augmentation of honour’.
Arms and Government Ensign of Malta 1943 - 1964 (fotw)
- 1) The heraldic term used when two animals are turned back to back – endorsed – but see 2) below and ‘averted’.
- 2) The heraldic term also used when two charges are turned outwards – endorsed (see also
Former Flag of Aure, Norway (fotw);
Arms of Turośń Kościelna, Poland
(fotw); Flag of Ferrette, France (fotw)
- ADDRESS GROUP
- In US naval usage and in some others, the group of signal flags displayed by a vessel with
a flag officer or unit commander embarked, and flown (together with a call sign hoist) when
entering or leaving harbour – see
‘call sign hoist’
(also ‘signal flag’ and
Address Group of the Commander, Second Fleet, US (Sea Flags)
- ADMIRAL'S FLAG
- See ‘flag of command 1)’.
Command Flags of an Admiral, Vice-Admiral, and Rear-Admiral, Austria-Hungary 1894 – 1915 (fotw)
- ADMIRALTY CROWN
- In UK usage an alternative term for the naval crown - see ‘naval crown’.
Flag and Badge of the Sea Scouts, UK (fotw & official website)
- ADMIRALTY FLAG
- 1) Specifically in UK usage see ‘anchor flag 2)’
(also ‘fouled anchor’).
2) Generically the flag, usually (but not exclusively) flown ashore, which represents a maritime authority
(see also ‘state ensign 2)’).
Flag of the Admiralty Board, UK (fotw);
Flag of the Naval Board, New Zealand (fotw); Flag of the Admiralty;
- ADMIRALTY WARRANT
- See ‘warrant’ and its following note.
Ensign and Burgee of the Royal Mersey Yacht Club, UK (fotw)
- ADMIRAL WITHOUT DISTINCTION OF COLOUR
- See ‘yellow admiral’.
- 1) In heraldry see ‘garnished’.
2) The heraldic term that may also be used in place of garnished when a hat, or other
item of clothing is usually (but not invariably) decorated in a different tincture (see also ‘tincture’
Flag of Vlissingen, The Netherlands (fotw);
Arms of Santa Combinha, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Winikon, Switzerland (fotw)
- ADVANCE THE COLOUR/COLOURS (or COLOR/COLORS)
- (v) A military term originally for moving a flag forward towards an enemy,
and now used on ceremonial occasions as a command to parade the colour(s) forward
(see also ‘colour 2)’,
‘colours 2)’, and
- ADVENT CROSS
- In heraldry see ‘cross tau’.
Flag of St. Antönien-Ascharina,
- ADVERTISING BANNER
- See ‘banner 4)’.
- ADVERTISING PULLDOWN (or PULL-DOWN)
- See ‘pulldown’.