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Baños de Valdearados (Municipality, Castilla y León, Spain)

Last modified: 2019-01-13 by ivan sache
Keywords: baños de valdearados |
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Flag of Baños de Valdearados - Image from the Escudos y Banderas de la Provincia de Burgos website, 9 January 2014

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Presentation of Baños de Valdearados

The municipality of Baños de Valdearados (378 inhabitants in 2012; 3,652 ha; municipal website) is located in the south of the Province of Burgos, 20 km of Aranda de Duero and 80 km of Burgos.
Baños de Valdearados was the site of a Roman villa, whose remains were inadvertently found in November 1972 near the road to Aranda de Duero, 300 m south of the today's village. The thermae located there, supplied with water from the Salud Fountain, might explain the name of the village (in Spanish, "baths"). Another possible explanation refers to the Latin word vannos, meaning "bare land".
The village was re-settled in the 11th century by a charter granted on 1 February 1048 by the first King of Castile and León, Ferdinand I. On 30 June 1637, King Philip IV established the village as an independent jurisdiction, granted with "a pillory and other emblems of jurisdiction".

Ivan Sache, 9 January 2014

Symbols of Baños de Valdearados

The flag and arms of Baños de Valdearados is prescribed by a Decree adopted on 1 August 2008 by the Municipal Council and published on 3 September 2008 in the official gazette of Province of Burgos.

The flag (photo) is rectangular, with proportions 2:3, horizontally divided white-green-blue (2:1:1). In the middle is placed the municipal coat of arms, whose height is 60% of the flag's hoist.
The colours of the flag are derived from those of the coat of arms (white / argent, blue / azure, green / vert). The white stripe covers more space than the other ones because argent is the main colour of the coat of arms.

The coat of arms of Baños de Valdearados is prescribed by a Decree adopted on 14 May 1998 by the Burgos Provincial Government, signed on 4 June 1998 by the President of the Government and published on 22 June 1998 in the official gazette of Castilla y León, No. 116 (text).
The coat of arms, which was approved by the Chronicler of Arms of Castilla y León, is described as follows:

Coat of arms: Argent three pines proper the central one higher than the two others over a base planted with grapevines and pastures proper in base a two-arched bridge argent masoned sable over a river azure and argent. The shield surmounted by the Royal Spanish crown.

These arms are a "rehabilitation" of the historical arms of the village, undoubtedly included in the "other emblems of jurisdiction" granted by Philip IV.
The three pines represent the three resin pinewoods of Las Cabezas y Carriles, Monte Abajo / Monte Grande and Monte El Roble, protected by the 13 Ordinances granted on 22 December 1550 by Charles I (municipal website).

The Royal Academy of History accepted the arms, recommending to schematize the design and to suppress the non-heraldic additions and interpretations. The bordure and lettering subsequently added manually to Charles I's privilege should be suppressed. The only acceptable crown for modern municipalities is the Royal crown. The Academy proposed the following arms: "Argent three pines proper the central one higher than the two others in base a two-arched bridge argent" (Buletín de la Real Academia de Historia 196, 2:355, 1999).

Ivan Sache, 9 January 2014