Last modified: 2019-07-22 by ivan sache
Keywords: çorum |
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Flag of Çorum Province - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 18 March 2015
The flag of Çorum Province (photo) is white with the province's emblem in the middle. "Türkiye Cumhuriyeti" means "Republic of Turkey"; "Valiliği" means "Governorate".
The emblem of Çorum Province is the Sun Disc, commonly regarded as belonging to the Hittite civilization, usually connotes Ankara and Anatolia.
After its discovery, it was first used as its symbol by the Faculty of Humanities, and later was adopted as the symbol of Ankara University after its establishment. Prof. Dr. Aykut Çınaroğlu, a retired member of the Department of Protohistory & Pre-Asia within the Faculty of Humanities explains that the Sun Disc was unearthed during the excavations that were started in 1935 under the direction of Atatürk, and in fact the symbol belongs to the Hattis from the pre-Hittite period: "The Sun Disc is made of bronze, and was commonly used over 4,250 years ago in religious as well as in other ceremonies. Just as it was used by the Ottoman Janissary Band, it was used to produce a sound when it was rattled, and this would affect the crowd by making them attentive. The circle which forms the perimeter of the disc represents either the earth or the sun. At the bottom, there are two horn-like protrusions which in fact are not representative of horns, although there is no clear agreement as to what they represent. The protrusions at the top, on the other hand represent fecundity, and the procreation of nature. The birds, also symbolize fecundity and the freedom of nature. The fact that this was a sun disc was understood after the discovery of a similar artifact shaped like the sun and beaming light, and all similar artifacts were called sun discs thereafter". Prof. Dr. Çınaroğlu stresses the point that the disc is definitely not a Hittite artifact. He explains that the disc belongs to the earliest of Anatolian civilizations whose name is known, the Hattis, and it is wrongly interpreted as being Hittite. According to Pr. Çınaroğlu, the sun disc was made and used approximately 300 years before the arrival of the Hittites in Anatolia. The Hattis were the most ancient of people speaking an Asiatic language in Anatolia, a group which also has influenced the Turkish language. Pr. Çınaroğlu says that the sun disc was discovered inside a tomb of a Hatti chieftain in Alacahöyük and is to be found nowhere else but Alacahöyük, and also that the Hatti kings were buried in funeral ceremonies typically with 4-5 such symbols of similar design.
[Ankara University website (archived)]
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 18 March 2015
Flag of the Çorum Special Provincial Administration - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 18 March 2015
The flag of the Çorum Special Provincial Administration (photo) is white with the administration's emblem in the middle. "T.C." stands for "Türkiye Cumhuriyeti", "Republic of Turkey"; "İl Özel İdaresi" means "Special Provincial Administration".
Tomislav Šipek, 18 March 2015
Flag of the Çorum Provincial Directorate of National Education - Image by Ivan Sache, 5 April 2019
The flag of the Çorum Provincial Directorate of National Education (photo) is white with the directorate's emblem.
Ivan Sache, 5 April 2019