Last modified: 2012-05-17 by ivan sache
Keywords: reunion | salazie |
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Flag of Salazie - Image by Olivier Touzeau, 13 February 2009, after images providing by the Municipal PR Department
The municipality of Salazie (7,065 inhabitant in 2006; 10,386 hectares) is located in the center of Reunion.
The center of the island is made of the three adjacent, volcanic calderas (cirques) of Mafate (north-west), Salazie (north-east) and Cilaos (south), dominated by Piton des Neiges (3,069 m) and Gros Morne (2,992 m). The caldera of Salazie is the largest and the greenest of the three ones, because it is opened to the trade winds.
Salazie was originally inhabited by marroons (fugitive slaves); the most famous of them was Anchaing, who lived with women and children on the top of the Piton d'Anchaing dominating the cirque. Anchaing was captured by a bounty hunter, but the legend says that the hunter was moved to pity by Anchaing's family and went back alone down to the valley.
The name of Salazie might come from Malagasy salazy, good encampment; salazy is also the name given to the tripod supporting a cooking-pot. The first organized settlement of the caldera took place in 1829 after a cyclone had damaged the coast of the island. The early colonists settled near Mare à Poules d'Eau (lit., Moorhen's Pond). The municipality of Salazie, founded in 1889, is characterized by a very scattered settlement, with three main villages (Salazie, Hell Bourg and Grand Ilet), each built on a ilet (small plateau). The center of the settlement was fixed at Salazie, which is still a small group of houses surrounding a two-towered church and dominated by the scenic Bride's Veil waterfall.
In 1832, Adrien du Buisson, Adrien Pignolet and Adam de Villiers
discovered near the village of Hell Bourg the springs of Salazie in the
bed of the brook Bras Sec, tributary of the Rivière du Mat. The rate of
flow of the springs was 800-1,300 liters per hour, the temperature of
water was 32 °C. Dr Vinson confirmed the therapeutic values of the
springs, which already attracted several people before anything was
built on the site. The waters were iron-bearing, hardly chlorinated and
calcic, and non-sulphated. They were recommended for children, weak and
anaemic adults, and people suffering from gastritis.
On 13 July 1852, a Colonial Decree created the Société Anonyme de l'Établissement Thermal de Salazie. A spa, a casino and a beautiful house for the Director of the company were built. The spa included a big meeting room, a billiard room and a private lounge fo the ladies. Some ten tubs were supplied with slightly warmed water. The water came from a reservoir mixing the waters of two springs with the same chemical composition. The spa was a quiet and green place, which attracted more and more people; accordingly, a road was built to Salazie.
The springs were later purchased by the municipality of Salazie, which ceded them to the Colonial administration, provided a doctor would be hired. In 1920, the temperature of the waters started to decrease and water had to be boiled into big pots until it reached the required temperature; however, the boiling process destroyed some of the chemical elements included in the waters. The spa lacked money and was closed. An attempt of clearing the springs with dynamite caused a big collapsing, which partially trashed the spa and destroyed the casino. In 1948, a cyclone destroyed the road to Salazie and landslides eventually suppressed the last remains of the spa. However, the wealthy creole houses built by the bourgeois of Saint-Denis are still there and Hell Bourg looks more like a small town. The houses were revamped and Hell Bourg joined in 1998 the association of the Plus Beaux Villages de France.
The chouchou was imported from Mexico in 1840 and grows profusely in Salazie, which is one of the main centers of production of chouchou straw, used to make hats.
Ivan Sache, 22 March 2005
The flag hoisted on the town hall of Salazie, and confirmed by the Municipal PR Department, is white with the municipal logo, which includes the municipal arms, name and motto.
The municipal coat of arms of Salazie is blue with a tropicbird,
locally called paille-en-queue surrounded by four white araucaria
(monkey puzzle) trees. These elements symbolize the rich fauna and
flora of Salazie, respectively.
The paille-en-queue (Phaeton lepturus, Phaetonidae) is a white bird with two black spots near the eye. The beak is brownish yellow. The specific feature of the paille-en-queue are its two long tail feathers, which explain the nickname of paille-en-cul (lit., straw in the ass), changed to the more polite paille-en-queue (straw in the tail).
Due to its colour, the paille-en-queue is a local symbol of purity and was often sung by the local poets. Leconte de l'Isle called him un flocon de neige égaré dans l'azur (a snowflake lost in azure). The slowly gliding paille-en-queue is also a symbol of nostalgy and loneliness of the human being facing the infinity.
The seamen called the bird tropicbird because it indicated them they had reached the tropics. The paille-en-queue is a deep-sea bird swooping down on fish. Phaeton lepturus is found in the Mascarenes, the Seychelles and other islands of the Indian Ocean. It is today a protected species.
The logo shown on the cover of the Municipal Bulletin bears the name of the municipality as "Commune de Salazie". The version of the logo provided by the Municipal PR Depoartment, however, bears only "Commune Salazie". Since there was no wind when the flag was spotted, the accurate wording used on it cannot be ascertained.
The motto Au cœur de l'île, rayonne !, added to the logo in September 2007, can be translated as "Shine form the heart of the island!".
Former flag of Salazie - Image by Arnaud Leroy, 22 March 2005
The former flag of Salazie, as reported by Michel Lupant in Gaceta de Banderas [gdb] #90, bore only the municipal arms.
Olivier Touzeau, Pascal Vagnat & Ivan Sache, 14 February 2009