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Electorate of Hesse-Cassel 1815-1866 (Germany)

Kurfürstentum Hessen-Kassel, Electoral Hesse, Kurhessen

Last modified: 2011-06-13 by german editorial team
Keywords: hesse-cassel | hessen-kassel | electorate of hesse-cassel | kurfürstentum hessen-kassel | cassel | kassel | electoral hesse | kurhessen | coat of arms (lion: barry) |
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[Hesse-Cassel 1815-1866 (Germany)] image by Santiago Dotor


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Hessen-Kassel or Kurhessen [Electoral Hesse] was until 1866 a German Kurfürstentum [electorate] consisting of 4 provinces:

  • Niederhessen with Schaumburg,
  • Oberhessen,
  • Fulda with Schmalkalden,
  • Hanau;
together 9,581 km² with 745,063 inhabitants (in 1864); capital Kassel (also spelt sometimes Cassel); since 17 August 1866 Regierungs-Bezirk Kassel in the Prussian province Hessen-Nassau. Source: Brockhaus' Kleines Konversations-Lexikon 1914.

Jarig Bakker, 27 July 2000

The landgraves of Hesse-Kassel lost their principality in 1866 to Prussia. The line of Hesse-Darmstadt however died out with prince Louis V of Hesse and of the Rhine on 30th May 1968. As he had adopted Moritz of Hesse-Kassel on 24th December 1960, the line of Hesse-Kassel is now also the grand ducal line in Hesse(-Darmstadt). Similarly to the [federal] state of Hesse, they use the lion without the sword [or the crown]. Source: Ströhl 1897.

Theo van der Zalm, 24 August 2000


Red over white. Communication by Lucien Philippe.

Jaume Ollé, August 1998

Standard of the Prince-Elector

Standarte des Kurfürsts

[Standard of the Prince-Elector (Hesse-Cassel, Germany)] ~5:8 image by Santiago Dotor and Theo van der Zalm

Rulers of Hesse-Cassel were Landgraf von Hessen-Kassel (1567-1803), Kurfürst von Hessen (1803-1875), successors use Landgraf von Hessen. Remember that Hesse-Cassel was annexed by Prussia in 1866.

Norman Martin, 25 July 2000

The landgraves of the Hesse-Kassel branch flew the same flag [as the Hesse-Darmstadt royal family] with just the shield, but with a golden border and the lion doing without the sword. Source: Ströhl 1897.

Theo van der Zalm, 24 August 2000

Presumably this standard was used before 1866 by the Elector of Hesse. The (black and white, hatched) image in Ströhl 1897 shows the golden bordure reaching out of the white stripe on the top and bottom well into the red ones. Ströhl 1897 shows this flag with a ratio of approximately 5:8.

Santiago Dotor, 2 July 2002