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Colombia - Indigenous Peoples

Last modified: 2014-05-16 by zoltán horváth
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Unusual variation of the Colombian flag variant at President's office (speculative)

images by Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 24 January 2013

Today the local newspaper El Colombiano shows a picture. I don't know exactly what it stands for, but it seems to be some sort of indigenous people version of the Colombian flag variant (let us remember that when current President Juan Manuel Santos was elected President back in 2010, before he went to Congress for his inaugural speech as it is costume on August 7, he first traveled to the Sierra Nevada in the rural area of Santa Marta on August 6, to attend a spiritual and religious ceremony to receive the blessing of the indigenous peoples that live there: kogi, wiwa, arawak and kankuam).
Esteban Rivera, 10 October 2012

image located by Esteban Rivera, 10 October 2012

Well, it's a pattern with yellow over blue over red in both directions. It may be the actual warp and weft, of almost ribbon-like yarn.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 24 January 2013

Do you mean diagonally (yellow-blue-red) from top to bottom and are you suggesting the green and purple box appearances come from the mixing of the colored threads?
Pete Loeser, 25 January 2013

I mean that both horizontally and vertically it's wide yellow, narrow blue, narrow red. If you look closely at the image, you'll see that the orange, green, and purple are really bi-colours. Likewise, you can see that the red, yellow, and blue have a pattern to it that matches the two colour pattern of those secondary colours. It's really like a warp and weft of 0,5 cm wide combining to give those colours. That's what gives them that specific look.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 26 January 2013

As Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, has mentioned fully in his 24, 25 and 26 of January 2013 posts, this is simply a Colombian woven fabric flag, with "interlacing" colors (between the warp and weft directions) due to its hand made proccess in which the ratios are kept between the colors (yellow is 50% on top, yellow 25% in the middle and red 25% on the bottom) plus having "additional" colors due to the combination of all of them (green as a result of mixing yellow and blue, orange by mixing yellow and red, and purple by mixing blue with red). Also Peter attaches an image that pretty much covers the topic and identifies the flag.
Esteban Rivera, 02 February 2013

Well, I probably should send them to the list then: One just the colours, and one with the edges of the yarn indicated. I see that the effect of the orange does work in my image, but the purple and green less so; I guess the specific shade of blue used in the flag has something to do with that.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 03 February 2013

I remember that this flag first spotted in 2010 does exists, not only as a desktop flag, but also as a flag displayed at the President's office, as seen in the following news report by RCN tv news channel.
Image attached is a screenshot of RCN tv news taken on February 19, 2014.
I haven't been able to identify this flag. My best guess is that it is an interpretation, rendering (or wahtever similar word you can find) of the Colombian flag from a native people's point of view using a warp (weaving tecnique) interlacing the different colors of the flag and having them overlapped instead of mixed (to forma a new color) in a sense of respecting differences among the significance of each color (and also maybe to represent multiracial origin). Again, it is a guess and a symbolic description.
Esteban Rivera, 06 April 2014

And in other shots this was seen to be free-standing, not merely on a high point like the thingy on the viewers' left? Well, either way we know the design is still in use.
The appearance of the tween-colour also depends on the size of the image, obviously.
Unfortunately, when I asked the Colombian government about it, I received back a message asking what I was asking about. (The wonders of top-posting mean I don't know what they were asking about.) This lead nowhere, which may have to do with my imperfect grasp of the Spanish language.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 08 April 2014

Native Peoples of Colombia

[Native Peoples in Colombia]
image by António Martins-Tuválkin , 3 July 2009

Above flag is used for the native peoples of Colombia.
Jaume Ollé, 30 November 1996

This flag is listed under number 199 at the chart "Flags of Aspirant Peoples" [asp] as : "Indian Tribes of Colombia - Colombia."
Ivan Sache , 16 September 1999

This flag is the representation of primarily the Guambiano or Misak tribe, but it also represents Colombian South Western native peoples. The Guambiano people are mainly based in the Municipality of Silvia (Department of Cauca), but also on the Department of Huila. Cauca is one of Colombia's Departments that is most populated by native people.
E.R., 11 November 2007

Colombian Indigenous National Organization (ONIC)

[Colombian Indigenous National Organization]
image by Eugene Ipavec, 8 May 2009

image by Eugene Ipavec, 16 June 2009

I've spotted the flag of the ONIC (Organización Nacional Indígena de Colombia, Colombian Indigenous National Organization) "an organization
representing the indigenous peoples of Colombia, who comprise some 800,000 people or approximately 2% of the population. The organization was founded at the first National Indigenous Congress in February 1982, in the Localidad (Suburb) of Bosa, part of Bogotá, with over 1,500 delegates from different indigenous and native groups of Colombia. It is an umbrella organization that hosts some 41 Regional Indigenous Councils around the country, including the CRIC
Sources: English.wikipedia and Spanish.wikipedia
The flag of this organization can be seen at the website of the ICANH (Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia, Colombian Institute of Antropology and History, an organization that depends on the Ministry of Culture).
The flag is the Coat of Arms on an equally horizontally divided three-stripe flag, green (top), red (middle) and yellow (bottom). The Coat of Arms is found here:
The color scheme of the flag is exactly the same as one political party that endorses indigenous interests in Colombia, called ASI. ASI's official website is located here.
E.R., 8 May 2009

A variant of the flag of ONIC, is the logo on a white background.
E.R., 16 June 2009

Organización Indígena de Antioquia (Antioquia's Indigenous Organization)

[Organización Indígena de Antioquia]
image by Eugene Ipavec, 03 April 2012

The OIA (Organización Indígena de Antioquia, Antioquia's Indigenous Organization)  was established in 1985 and represents the interests of the indigenous people of the Department of Antioquia  regarding autonomy, land, culture and unity. The OIA is affiliated to the ONIC
Image of flag (screenshot of live streaming of Hora 13 Noticias, local news, taken on March 30, 2012)
The coat of arms of the OIA can be found here:
For additional information go to: OIA (official website).
Esteban Rivera, 31 March 2012

Firstly I was confused where this logo was placed. This picture clearly shows that emblem is not placed at center of the flag, but on separation line of green and yellow stripes.
Zoltan Horvath, 01 April 2012

That is a strange seal placement (and it's not one of those 45-deg rotated seals either). I wonder if this isn't an upside-down Colombia-style 1:1:2 flag?.
Eugene Ipavec, 02 April 2012

I have found an other image taken during a demostration or something like this. It is clearly visible, that there are only three stipes , blue, green and yellow, and no more.  But stripes are equal, they do not follow the Colombian national flag pattern. However there are at least two versions of this flag, the emblem is centered of green stripe in this case.
Zoltan Horvath, 03 April 2012

Well, maybe not quite true. This is another shot of the same room, as far as I can tell. (Source:
The blue is visible at the top, which allows determining the width of the green stripe. But then from comparing that width with the yellow field, it's obvious that there's too much yellow there to be a stripe of the same height as the green.
I'd say the emblem is indeed on the separation line of green and yellow, but it's also placed in the centre as the yellow stripe must be twice the height of the green, and so would form the entire lower half of the flag.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 17 November 2012

Plus, in the screen shot mentioned, would there really be that much yellow visible at the hoist if the emblem were 2/3rd down?
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 17 March 2013

Variant of OIA flag

[Organización Indígena de Antioquia]
image by Zoltan Horvath, 01 April 2012

IMHO seems that can be a fourth stripe not visible in the photo (I suggest as colour the white or the red). Several indigenous flags in Colombia are of four stripes; someone of three stripes but, as pointed by Eugene the seal placement is very strange for a three striped flag.
In Flag Report #67 will be published about one hundred of indigenous organizations and anyone has a construction in Colombian pattern, but many are four striped or three striped with centered seal.
Jaume Ollé, 02 April 2012

Speculative variants of OIA flag:
In the indoor photo, the yellow was visible under the table, so no fourth stripe. My first gif from earlier and the two here attached after Jaume's suggestions are however speculative only.
Eugene Ipavec, 03 April 2012

[Organización Indígena de Antioquia]
image by Eugene Ipavec, 03 April 2012

[Organización Indígena de Antioquia]
image by Eugene Ipavec, 03 April 2012

[Organización Indígena de Antioquia]
image by Eugene Ipavec, 03 April 2012

Organización de los Pueblos Indígenas de la Amazonía Colombiana

The Organization of Indigenous Peoples of the Colombian Amazon (Organización de los Pueblos Indígenas de la Amazonía Colombiana -OPIAC) gathers 56 indigenous peoples:
Kurripako, Piapoco, Puinave, Sicuani, Yeral, Bara, Barasana, Carapana, Desano, Nukak, Piratapuyo, Pisamira, Siriano, Taiwano, Tatuyo, Tucano, Suyuka, Wanano, Yurutí, Coreguaje, Coyaima, Embera Katio, Inga, Makaguaje, Kackuas, Jutda, Andoke, Barasana, Bora, Cocama, Inga, Karijona, Kawiyarí, Kubeo, Letuama, Makuna, Matapí, Miraña, Nonuya, Ocaina, Tanimuka, Tariano, Tikuna, Uitoto, Yagua, Yauna, Yukuna, Yuri, Nasa, Guayabero, Piaroa, Awa, Kamentsa, Kofán, Nasa, Siona
The OPIAC was created in 1995 in Mitú, Vaupés. It is part of the COICA (Coordinadora de las Organizaciones Indígenas de la Cuenca Amazónica), and OPIAC serves as the Colombian chapter within the COICA.
During the Vth Encuentro Latinoamericano de Gobiernos Locales en Territorios Indígenas (Latin American Meeting of Local Governors of Indigenous Territories) held between October 2nd and 4th in Cartagena, the flag of the OPIAC is seen here  and here.
Source: (the OPIAC flag seen here is a white horizontal flag displaying the 18th anniversary logo plus several human hands in color, seen here.)
The regular (or old) flag is a white horizontal flag with the following logo in the middle.
Image is a picture from the Vicepresidencia de Colombia official website, taken on October 2, 2013.
This video is the news report by CM& news during the summit.
For additional information go to OPIAC (official website)
Esteban Rivera, 12 October 2013

Regional Indigenous Council of Cauca

[Regional Indigenous Council of Cauca]
image by Eugene Ipavec, 16 July 2005

Here is photo of the flag of the CRIC (Consejo Regional Indígena del Cauca, or Regional Indigenous Council of Cauca). The CRIC was established in 1971, in the Municipality of Toribío, Department of Cauca, by native priest Álvaro Ulcué Chocué to defend these minorities' rights (they do not replace civil, judicial, military or economic government authorities).   There is a website which is the homepage of the ACIN, "Asociación de Cabildos Indígenas del Norte del Cauca" (or Assocaition of Indigenous Councils of Northern Cauca, in English), an Association of indigenous authorities sponsored by the CRIC. Inscription is: Unity Justice and Culture.
Source: El Espectador Colombian newspaper.
E. R., 17 June 2005


The flag of the Zambos of Colombia is horizontal fivestriped. B/W Photo was taken but no colors could be identified.
Jaume Ollé, 28 May 2000

In spanish "Zambo" means the son of African ("African American") father or mother and Indian ("Native American") father or mother.
Nicolas Rucks, 6 June 2000