Last modified: 2014-04-11 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: colombia | zambos |
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images by Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 24 January 2013
Today the local newspaper
El Colombiano shows a
I don't know exactly what it stands for, but it seems to be some sort of
indigenous people version
of the Colombian flag variant (let us remember that
when current President Juan Manuel Santos was elected President back in 2010,
before he went to Congress for his inaugural speech as it is costume on August
7, he first traveled to the Sierra Nevada in the rural area of
Santa Marta on August 6, to attend a spiritual and
religious ceremony to receive the blessing of the indigenous peoples that live
there: kogi, wiwa, arawak and kankuam).
Esteban Rivera, 10 October 2012
image located by Esteban Rivera, 10 October 2012
Well, it's a pattern with yellow over blue over red in both directions. It may be the actual warp and weft, of almost ribbon-like yarn.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 24 January 2013
Do you mean diagonally (yellow-blue-red) from top to bottom and are you suggesting the green and purple box appearances come from the mixing of the colored threads?
Pete Loeser, 25 January 2013
I mean that both horizontally and vertically it's wide yellow, narrow blue, narrow red. If you look closely at the image, you'll see that the orange, green, and purple are really bi-colours. Likewise, you can see that the red, yellow, and blue have a pattern to it that matches the two colour pattern of those secondary colours. It's really like a warp and weft of 0,5 cm wide combining to give those colours. That's what gives them that specific look.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 26 January 2013
As Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, has mentioned fully in his 24, 25 and 26 of January 2013 posts, this is simply a Colombian woven fabric flag, with "interlacing" colors (between the warp and weft directions) due to its hand made proccess in which the ratios are kept between the colors (yellow is 50% on top, yellow 25% in the middle and red 25% on the bottom) plus having "additional" colors due to the combination of all of them (green as a result of mixing yellow and blue, orange by mixing yellow and red, and purple by mixing blue with red). Also Peter attaches an image that pretty much covers the topic and identifies the flag.
Esteban Rivera, 02 February 2013
Well, I probably should send them to the list then: One just the colours, and one with the edges of the yarn indicated. I see that the effect of the orange does work in my image, but the purple and green less so; I guess the specific shade of blue used in the flag has something to do with that.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 03 February 2013
I remember that this flag first spotted in 2010 does exists, not only as a
desktop flag, but also as a flag displayed at the President's office, as seen
in the following news report by RCN tv news channel.
Image attached is a screenshot of RCN tv news taken on February 19, 2014.
I haven't been able to identify this flag. My best guess is that it is an interpretation, rendering (or wahtever similar word you can find) of the Colombian flag from a native people's point of view using a warp (weaving tecnique) interlacing the different colors of the flag and having them overlapped instead of mixed (to forma a new color) in a sense of respecting differences among the significance of each color (and also maybe to represent multiracial origin). Again, it is a guess and a symbolic description.
Esteban Rivera, 06 April 2014
And in other shots this was seen to be free-standing, not merely on a high
point like the thingy on the viewers' left? Well, either way we know the design
is still in use.
The appearance of the tween-colour also depends on the size of the image, obviously.
Unfortunately, when I asked the Colombian government about it, I received back a message asking what I was asking about. (The wonders of top-posting mean I don't know what they were asking about.) This lead nowhere, which may have to do with my imperfect grasp of the Spanish language.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 08 April 2014
image by António Martins-Tuválkin , 3 July 2009
Above flag is used for the native peoples of Colombia.
Jaume Ollé, 30 November 1996
This flag is listed under number 199 at the chart "Flags
of Aspirant Peoples" [asp] as :
"Indian Tribes of Colombia - Colombia."
Ivan Sache , 16 September 1999
This flag is the representation of primarily the Guambiano or
Misak tribe, but it also represents Colombian South Western
native peoples. The Guambiano people are mainly based in the
Municipality of Silvia (Department of
Cauca), but also on the Department of Huila. Cauca is one of Colombia's
Departments that is most populated by native people.
E.R., 11 November 2007
image by Eugene Ipavec, 8 May 2009
image by Eugene Ipavec, 16 June 2009
I've spotted the flag of the ONIC (Organización Nacional
Indígena de Colombia, Colombian Indigenous National
Organization) "an organization
representing the indigenous peoples of Colombia, who comprise some 800,000 people or approximately 2% of the population. The organization was founded at the first National Indigenous Congress in February 1982, in the Localidad (Suburb) of Bosa, part of Bogotá, with over 1,500 delegates from different indigenous and native groups of Colombia. It is an umbrella organization that hosts some 41 Regional Indigenous Councils around the country, including the CRIC
Sources: English.wikipedia and Spanish.wikipedia
The flag of this organization can be seen at the website of the ICANH (Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia, Colombian Institute of Antropology and History, an organization that depends on the Ministry of Culture).
The flag is the Coat of Arms on an equally horizontally divided three-stripe flag, green (top), red (middle) and yellow (bottom). The Coat of Arms is found here:
The color scheme of the flag is exactly the same as one political party that endorses indigenous interests in Colombia, called ASI. ASI's official website is located here.
E.R., 8 May 2009
A variant of the flag of ONIC, is the logo on a white
E.R., 16 June 2009
image by Eugene Ipavec, 03 April 2012
The OIA (Organización Indígena de Antioquia, Antioquia's Indigenous
Organization) was established in 1985 and represents the interests of the
indigenous people of the Department of Antioquia
regarding autonomy, land, culture and unity. The OIA is affiliated to the
Image of flag (screenshot of live streaming of Hora 13 Noticias, local news, taken on March 30, 2012)
The coat of arms of the OIA can be found here:
For additional information go to: OIA (official website).
Esteban Rivera, 31 March 2012
Firstly I was confused where this logo was placed.
This picture clearly shows that emblem is not placed at center of the flag,
but on separation line of green and yellow stripes.
Zoltan Horvath, 01 April 2012
That is a strange seal placement (and it's not one of those 45-deg rotated
seals either). I wonder if this isn't an upside-down Colombia-style 1:1:2 flag?.
Eugene Ipavec, 02 April 2012
I have found an other
image taken during a demostration or something like this. It is clearly
visible, that there are only three stipes , blue, green and yellow, and no more.
But stripes are equal, they do not follow the Colombian national flag pattern.
However there are at least two versions of this flag, the emblem is centered of
green stripe in this case.
Zoltan Horvath, 03 April 2012
Well, maybe not quite true. This is
another shot of the same room, as far as I can tell. (Source:
The blue is visible at the top, which allows determining the width of the green stripe. But then from comparing that width with the yellow field, it's obvious that there's too much yellow there to be a stripe of the same height as the green.
I'd say the emblem is indeed on the separation line of green and yellow, but it's also placed in the centre as the yellow stripe must be twice the height of the green, and so would form the entire lower half of the flag.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 17 November 2012
Plus, in the screen shot mentioned, would there really be that much yellow
visible at the hoist if the emblem were 2/3rd down?
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 17 March 2013
Variant of OIA flag
image by Zoltan Horvath, 01 April 2012
IMHO seems that can be a fourth stripe not visible in the photo (I suggest as
colour the white or the red). Several indigenous flags in Colombia are of four
stripes; someone of three stripes but, as pointed by Eugene the seal placement
is very strange for a three striped flag.
In Flag Report #67 will be published about one hundred of indigenous organizations and anyone has a construction in Colombian pattern, but many are four striped or three striped with centered seal.
Jaume Ollé, 02 April 2012
Speculative variants of OIA flag:
In the indoor photo, the yellow was visible under the table, so no fourth stripe. My first gif from earlier and the two here attached after Jaume's suggestions are however speculative only.
Eugene Ipavec, 03 April 2012
image by Eugene Ipavec, 03 April 2012
image by Eugene Ipavec, 03 April 2012
image by Eugene Ipavec, 03 April 2012
The Organization of Indigenous Peoples of the Colombian Amazon (Organización de los Pueblos Indígenas de la Amazonía Colombiana
-OPIAC) gathers 56
Kurripako, Piapoco, Puinave, Sicuani, Yeral, Bara, Barasana, Carapana, Desano, Nukak, Piratapuyo, Pisamira, Siriano, Taiwano, Tatuyo, Tucano, Suyuka, Wanano, Yurutí, Coreguaje, Coyaima, Embera Katio, Inga, Makaguaje, Kackuas, Jutda, Andoke, Barasana, Bora, Cocama, Inga, Karijona, Kawiyarí, Kubeo, Letuama, Makuna, Matapí, Miraña, Nonuya, Ocaina, Tanimuka, Tariano, Tikuna, Uitoto, Yagua, Yauna, Yukuna, Yuri, Nasa, Guayabero, Piaroa, Awa, Kamentsa, Kofán, Nasa, Siona
The OPIAC was created in 1995 in Mitú, Vaupés. It is part of the COICA (Coordinadora de las Organizaciones Indígenas de la Cuenca Amazónica), and OPIAC serves as the Colombian chapter within the COICA.
During the Vth Encuentro Latinoamericano de Gobiernos Locales en Territorios Indígenas (Latin American Meeting of Local Governors of Indigenous Territories) held between October 2nd and 4th in Cartagena, the flag of the OPIAC is seen here and here.
Source: http://www.opiac.org.co/yetara/ (the OPIAC flag seen here is a white horizontal flag displaying the 18th anniversary logo plus several human hands in color, seen here.)
The regular (or old) flag is a white horizontal flag with the following logo in the middle.
Image is a picture from the Vicepresidencia de Colombia official website, taken on October 2, 2013.
This video is the news report by CM& news during the summit.
For additional information go to OPIAC (official website)
Esteban Rivera, 12 October 2013
image by Eugene Ipavec, 16 July 2005
Here is photo of the
flag of the CRIC (Consejo Regional Indígena del Cauca, or
Regional Indigenous Council of Cauca). The CRIC was established
in 1971, in the Municipality of Toribío, Department of Cauca, by
native priest Álvaro Ulcué Chocué to defend these minorities'
rights (they do not replace civil, judicial, military or economic
government authorities). There is a website which is the homepage
of the ACIN, "Asociación de Cabildos Indígenas del Norte
del Cauca" (or Assocaition of Indigenous Councils of
Northern Cauca, in English), an Association of indigenous
authorities sponsored by the CRIC. Inscription is: Unity Justice
Source: El Espectador Colombian newspaper.
E. R., 17 June 2005
The flag of the Zambos of Colombia is horizontal fivestriped.
B/W Photo was taken but no colors could be identified.
Jaume Ollé, 28 May 2000
In spanish "Zambo" means the son of African
("African American") father or mother and Indian
("Native American") father or mother.
Nicolas Rucks, 6 June 2000