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Last modified: 2016-04-25 by randy young
Keywords: vietnam | roundel | south vietnam | north vietnam | viet nam | fin flash |
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As the French left Vietnam in 1954, the country was divided to two parts. The southern part (South Vietnam) formed the "Armee de l'air Vietnamienne" and adopted the marking used since 1950 under French supervision which were variations of the national flag, i.e. an orange disc charged with three red thin rings; the national flag was used as rudder marking.
The northern part formed the Vietnam People's Air Force and adopted a yellow star bordered red as its roundel and fin flash. See http://airwar.hihome.com/airwar/vietnam/viet15-mig21.jpg.
In 1962, the south, now as the Vietnam Air Force adopted a new roundel based on the American one, white star on blue disc and orange bars bordered red and central red line. The rudder marking was the same as before (http://airwar.hihome.com/airwar/vietnam/viet08-a37.jpg.
North Vietnam changed its roundel in 1965 to yellow star on red disc bordered yellow and red bars bordered yellow with no fin flash.
In 1975, the Vietnam Air Force was dissolves, and the Khong Quan Nhan Dan Viet Nam (as it has been called since 1976), kept using the former "north" marking.
Military Aircraft Insignia of the World [cos98]
See also: http://www.fighter-jets.de/fighterjets/luftwaffen.php?land=vie&attr=vie&teil=v
Dov Gutterman, 28 June 2004
image by Željko Heimer
Yellow bordered red roundel with a yellow five-pointed star in the middle reaching the edges of the red disk. Behind all a horizontal red bar with yellow border.
According to Military Aircraft Insignia of the World [cos98] the pre-1965 pattern used since 1955 was a red bordered yellow five-pointed star.
image by Dov Gutterman using an image by Vincent Morley
South Vietnam used a 1:1 variant of the national flag as its fin flash.
Dov Gutterman, 11 February 2000
image by Ruppert Baird, 3 August 2013
The VNAF roundel as I recall it on an old UH-1H Huey tail boom at Ft. Eustis, VA, some years back.
Ruppert Baird, 3 August 2013
image adapted by Randy Young, 25 April 2016
On 8 March 1949, after the Élysée Accords1, the State of Vietnam (État du Viêt Nam in Vietnamese, État du Viêt Nam in French), was recognized by France as an independent country ruled by Vietnamese Emperor Bảo Đại. The Vietnamese National Army or Viet Nam National Army (Vietnamese: Quân đội Quốc gia Việt Nam, "National Army of Vietnam," French: Armée Nationale Vietnamienne) was the State of Viet Nam's military force created shortly after that. It was commanded by Vietnamese General Hinh and was loyal to Bảo Đại.2
The Air component of the ANV was the Vietnamiènne Armée de l'Air (VALA, Vietnamese Air Force in English, VNAF) was an Air Department (Branch) within the ANV and later on 1 July 1955 it was established separately as a military force, precursor to the KLVNCH.3
Esteban Rivera, 23 April 2016
1 - Wikipedia article
2 - Wikipedia article (in French)
3 - Wikipedia article