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Rwanda movements and parties

Last modified: 2013-12-07 by peter hans van den muijzenberg
Keywords: rwanda | mdr | fdlr | martyazo |
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Forces Démocratiques de Liberation de Rwanda (FDLR)

[FDLR flag] image by Jarig Bakker, 16 Jan 2002

At this website is the flag of Forces Démocratiques de Liberation de Rwanda - Democratic Liberation Forces of Rwanda - Urugaga Ruharantra Demokarasi no Kubohoza U Rwanda.
The flag on the homepage has a golden centered circle, but as it is inspired on the old Rwanda flag I've made it yellow.
Jarig Bakker, 16 Jan 2002

FDLR logo

[FDLR logo] image from this website, reported by Jarig Bakker, 16 Jan 2002

Mouvement Democratique Rwandais

[Mouvement Democratique Rwandais] image by Jaume Ollé, 29 Nov 1996

The flag of the Mouvement Democratique Rwandais, the Hutu party that was responsible for the massacre of Tutsis.
Jaume Ollé, 29 Nov 1996

Martyazo Republic (République de Martyazo)

[Martyazo Republic] image by Željko Heimer, 31 Oct 2001

This was a Hutu republic. The Bahutu revolted in 1972 but were defeated in west, centre and east. In the south a Republic called Martyazo was established on 01 May 1972, but it was occupied by the Burundese army (Tutsi) 9 May 1972. The flag was reported to be green with a diagonal stripe from lower hoist to upper fly.
Jaume Ollé, 23 Mar 1998

The diagonal stripe was red.
Victor Lomantsov , 3 Apr 2001

Front Populaire Rwandais (Patriotic Front of Rwanda)

image by Marcus Schmöger, 08 Feb 2007

Because of the upcoming presidential election in Rwanda, there was an article with a picture in the Stockholm edition of the newspaper Metro today. In the picture, people could be seen with small handheld flags, which were vertically divided red - white - blue with the letters FPR, one letter on each field. That was the front side of the flags. The back side had the colours in reversed order, so that blue was at the hoist, and the letters were also not mirror imaged.
It is not mirror imaged, which the ordinary flag is if it equals the reverse.
The reverse of this flag look *the same* as the obverse, i.e. not mirror imaged, but with the flag pole on the other side, like if the flag staff had been put on the wrong side. Obverse: red-white-blue from hoist to fly; reverse: blue-white-red from hoist to fly.
Elias Granqvist, 25 Aug 2003

The ruling party of Rwanda (party of current president Paul Kagame) is the FPR (Front patriotique rwandais = Rwandan Patriotic Front), which grew out of the
guerilla war of the early 1990s.

The flag is a red-white-blue vertical tricolour, with the black letters "FPR" overall.
Marcus Schmöger, 08 Feb 2007

Parti Social Démocrate (Social Democratic Party)

image by Ivan Sache, 12 Sep 2010

The Parti Social Démocrate (PSD) won 7 out of the 53 seats in the 2008 general elections in Rwanda. In the 2010 presidential election, the PSD candidate, Jean Damascene Ntawukuriryayo (b. 1961), Vice President of the National Assembly, won 5% of the vote against the incumbent Paul Kagame and was accused by their opponents as being a stooge for the president.

The PSD website shows the party's flag as vertically divided light blue-white-green with the blue letters "PSD" in the middle of the white stripe.

The flag is as prescribed in Article 3 of the party's statutes:

"Ingingo ya 3: IBENDERA

Ibendera ry’Ishyaka rigizwe n’amabara atatu ahagaritse ateye atya :

Ku rujishiro habanza ibara ry’ubururu risa n’ijuru;
Hagati hakajya ibara ry’umweru;
Rigakurikirwa n’ibara ry’icyatsi kibisi.
Ayo mabara asobanura:

Ubururu: Gukorera mu mucyo.
Umweru: Amahoro Abanyarwanda bagomba guhora iteka baharanira.
Icyatsi kibisi: Icyizere cy’ubumwe bw’Abanyarwanda baharanira
Inyuguti P. S. D. zigaragara mu ibara ryera. Zandikishwa ibara
ry’ubururu kandi ku mpande zombi."
Ivan Sache, 12 Sep 2010