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North Caucasian Emirate (Russia, 1918-1921)

19 Sep 1919 Apr 1920 North Caucasus Emirate Flag

Last modified: 2021-07-24 by valentin poposki
Keywords: daghestan | chechenia | ingushetia | money | crescent: points up (white) | stars: 3 (white) | stars: triangle | star: 5 points (white) | star: 4 points (white) |
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Presentation

There was a North Caucasian Emirate, centered in the present-day republic of Daghestan.
Harald Müller, 08 May 1996

This Emirate was created in Vedeno, in current Chechnya.
Jaume Ollé, 24 Jun 2000

The “Official” Emirate flag is probably the one described by Trembicky, but later patterns show the flag with five pointed stars. First flags were probably manufactured from the sponsors of emirate: Georgia and Azerbaijan. [There were specific flags for the Chechen and the Ingush within the Emirate.] Bolshevik promises to the Avars, Chechen, Ingush etc., for a wide autonomy, changed the alliances. After that the Bolshevik take Makhachkala (30-3-1920) flags must be manufactured locally (or in houses) and pattern most followed was surely the five pointed stars. 13 November 1920 emirate was ended de facto. Resistance in the mountains follow until May 1921, and flag disappeared for always.
Jaume Ollé, 24 Jun 2000


Flag with 2+1 five-pointed stars

N. C. Emirate Flag image by António Martins, 21 Jun 2000

On coins and banknotes of this state there are the national symbols:

  • Flag: plain field with lying crescent below three five-pointed stars in a "V" arrangement (I have only a black and white picture)
  • Arms: Stylized balance with a sword and a rifle. In one scale a book (Koran?) leaning to the other a lance with a pennant (or a flag). Above the balance a crown, below it the crescent with the three stars from the flag.
Harald Müller, 08 May 1996

Znamierowski [zna99] shows (page 106) a flag for «Dagestan (1918-21)» which fits perfectly… It is green, and the lying crescent and the 3 stars are white.
Olivier Touzeau, 20 Jun 2000


Flag with 1+2 four-pointed stars

N. C. Emirate Flag image by António Martins, 25 Dec 2002

The article “Flags of non-Russian peoples under soviet rule” [tbc69] gives a different information: The flag is described as «Daghestani flag» as green with a white crescent (horns towards the top of the flag) encompassing three white four-pointed stars, arranged one and two.
Ralf Stelter, 12 Mar 2001

We now know that several patterns are in use.
Jaume Ollé, 12 Mar 2001


Timeline

  • 19 Sep 1919 Apr 1920 North Caucasus Emirate founded (in rebellion against Russian "White" Army), capital Vedeno (in south-east Chechnya).

Ben Cahoon, 9 September 2020