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Timisoara (Romania, Timis)

Municipiul Timişoara

Last modified: 2015-07-28 by alex danes
Keywords: timisoara | temesvar | timis | temes | banat | romania |
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Timişoara (in Hungarian Temesvár, in German Temeschwar, in Serbian Temišvar) is a city in Timiş County of Romania (in the valley of Timiş River). The city has got 334.115 inhabitants (9,5% Hungarian, 4,0% German, 1992 census). The city has got its name from the Castle of Temes (vár means castle) Neighbouring communities are: Sânandrei, Becicherecu Mic, Săcălaz, Sânmihaiu Român, Giroc, Moşniţa Nouă, Ghiroda and Dumbrăviţa communities.

The first mention of the settlement is from 1212 as 'Castrum Temesiensis'. Temesvár was one of the capitals of the Kingdom of Hungary at the time of the Anjou kings. In 1514 Prince János Szapolyai executed here György Dózsa, the leader of the peasant revolt. 1552-1716 was under Turkish rule as a capital of the Temesvár vilayet. 1718-1778 the settlement was the capital of the Governorate of Temesch. From 1781 Temeschwar is a Free Royal City and capital of Temes County. At the time of the Hungarian Independent War (1848-1849) the city and the fort was under Habsburg rule. Between 1850 and 1861 the settlement was the capital of the new province: Governorate of Temesch and Serbian Vojvodina. The settlement in 1910 was a city of the Kingdom of Hungary. Inhabitants in 1910: 72.555; 31.664 (43,6%) German, 28.552 (39,4%) Hungarian, 7.566 (10,4%) Rumanian, 3.482 (4,8%) Serb and 1291 (1,8%) other by mother tongue, 48.598 (67,0%) Roman Catholic, 11.227 (15,5%) Greek Ortodox, 6.728.(9,2) Jew, 3.532 (4,9%) Calvinist, 1.603 (2,2%) Lutheran and 867 (1,2%) other by religion. In 1919 the city was under French occupation. The Treaty of Trianon (1920) allocated it to Romania. In 1989 there was the first place of the anticommunist revolt in Romania.

Famous Hungarian celebrities were born in Timişoara: general György Klapka (1820-1892), writer and arhitect Károly Kós.

István Molnár, 10 December 2000

Coat of Arms

[coat of arms] by István Molnár, 10 December 2000

On the left top blue field there are a tower with two flags. The left is a Rumanian flag with the CoA of the Revolution (hole), the right is the old flag of Timisoara(Temesvár).

István Molnár, 24 February 2001

Historical flag of Temesvár (Kingdom of Hungary)

by István Molnár

Red with a white cross throughout (width = 1/7th of the length).
António Martins, 28 February 2001

This flag appears at Dr. Széll Sándor: Városaink neve, címere és lobogója (1941) as "Temesvár, Temes Co.".
István Molnár, 10 December 2000