Last modified: 2013-07-20 by Zachary Harden
Keywords: nepal | tharuhat autonomous state | tharu |
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Tharuhat (sometimes called Tharuwan)
"Indigenous Tharus are the principle and largest indigenous ethnic people of Tharuhat (Tarai and Inner Tarai) of Nepal. They are also found in the border districts of India, especially in Champaran, Bengal, Gonda, Nainital, and Gorakhpur and Kheri districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. They became successful to sustain their livelihood in Tarai and Inner Tarai through sacrificing their descendents and developing immune power against Malaria. According to 2001 census data of CBS, Tharus are more than 1.5 million. But Tharus have been questioning the credibility of the Census report of 2001 and claiming that there are more than 3.5 million Tharus in Nepal. They are living in all Tarai and Inner Tarai districts including Kathmandu, Dang-Deukhuri, Chitawan, Surkhet and Udayapur valleys. The physical structure of Tharu is wide face, flattened nose, medium height, solid body and complexion colour. The body colour of Tharu is somewhere brown black because of hot climate of Tarai and Inner Tarai. At first glance, if any body looks to Tharu, seems as of Mongoloid physical structure. But in reality they are sun of soil of Tarai and Inner Tarai of Nepal.
The motherland of Tharu is Tharuhat, which is geographically known as Tarai. Tarai is also 2 types of, i.e., Outer Tarai and Inner Tarai. Both Tarai area is the origin of Tharu. History knows that Tarai was unhealthy because of epidemic diseases like malaria, small pox, cholera, etc., Hill and Indian people were not possible to spend even single night, death was certain. But the regular life of Tharu was not any problem because they had already developed immune power against such epidemic diseases. So, Tharus have inherent relation with Tarai and knowledge constructed by them. But some interest groups on the name of so called Medhesi are trying to make it Madesh. Now the concern or confrontation of Tharu is not with Madhesi, but with government of Nepal and with different political parties. Because they are the prime factors who are trying of displace millions of Tharu from their motherland. This is the question of Tharu identity, sovereignty, democracy, first right of Land, forest and all types of natural resources, political rights and indigenous rights. Tharus want own autonomous Tharuhat state in full Tharuhat/Tarai belt of Nepal. They are not ready to compromise at any cost on this strong issue. There is only the nationalist indigenous community in Tarai that is Tharu."
More at: http://tharufed.org.np/cms and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tharu_people.
The Tharuhat State Council is a member of the Federal Democratic National Forum. The flag and map can be seen at the FDNF website at: http://www.federalnepal.org.np/index.php, together with the flags of Limbuwan, Khambuwan and Tamangsaling State Councils.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 1 February 2010