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Maoist Communist Party

Last modified: 2023-06-03 by zachary harden
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Maoist Communist Party

In 1996 a Maoist insurgency was launched, which now controls a large part of the country. A special police force was formed to cope with this problem, but police brutality has only helped the movement grow. The party's symbolic aim is to fly their flag on the top of Mount Everest. It is a red flag with hammer and sickle. Should the Maoists overthrow the very feudalistic social system, it seems quite inevitable that the flag of Nepal will change.
T. F. Mills, 4 June 2001

The flag of Maoist Communist Party hoisted by guerrillas is available in issue 21 of Flag Report. The hammer and sickle have a specific design and position.
Jaume Ollé, 4 June 2001

[Maoist Communist Party] (variant) image by António Martins, 30 November 2001

Today I read that Maoist guerrillas have commenced another round of activities in Nepal following the government's decision to use the military against the rebels. Pertaining to flags, reading today's news reminded me of an image I saw several months ago in one of the large American newspapers. A photograph taken during
negotiations between the government and the Maoists showed two rebels waving a flag in the shape of the Nepalese flag, but solid red with a gold star in the
upper triangle. Although the flag was crudely composed, I presume it was the adopted flag of the Maoist insurgents.
Sean McKinness, 28 November 2001

Recently Spanish TV showed (presumably archive) images of Nepalese Maoist guerrillas flying a red flag with on the canton a yellow star on top of a yellow hammer-and-sickle-like emblem where the sickle's handle had been replaced by a machine gun.
Santiago Dotor, 29 November 2001

Variants of the flag of the Nepal Maoists, showing a white hammer and sickle on red (flag format higher than wide); the smaller variant also includes some inscription (party name?) (reported in Süddeutsche Zeitung 28/29 May 2003, p. 11)
M. Schmöger, 15 June 2003

Communist Party of Nepal-Maoists (CPN-M)
Base of Operation: Nepal

Founding Philosophy: After the introduction of democracy to Nepal in 1990, the country's left-wing organizations began to fragment and radicalize. The leftists' umbrella party, the United People's Front (UPF), was put on the ballot for the 1991 general elections. However, the UPF's Maoist wing (the CPN-M) performed extremely poorly, and was excluded from the next election in 1994. With no outlet in electoral politics, the Maoists turned to insurgency to reach their goal of overthrowing Nepal's parliamentary democracy and transforming Nepalese society. Such a "transformation" would likely include a purge of the nation's elite class, a state takeover of private industry, and the collectivization of agriculture. The insurgency has grown so serious that the King of Nepal, King Gyanendra, has effectively suspended the country's parliamentary democracy and reasserted the monarchy's executive power.

Current Goals: The CPN-M's strategy and tactics are based on traditional Maoist guerrilla war principles. As part of its struggle against the current regime, the Maoists have targeted Nepalese parliamentarians, the Prime Minister, government ministries, and a number of educational institutions. International targets have
occasionally been hit as well, largely in an effort to isolate the government. Two US embassy guards were assassinated by the Maoists in 2002, allegedly for anti-Maoist spying activities. Further attacks against diplomatic targets have been threatened in CPN-M press releases. Foreign commercial targets are also fair game for the Maoists, as they demonstrated in three attacks on Coca-Cola facilities and one attack on a Pepsi-Cola truck.


Esteban Rivera, 3 July 2005

Red banner

[Maoist Communist Party banner] image located by Chrystian Kretowicz, 26 April 2008

This is the banner used frequently during congresses, meetings and rallies by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
Chrystian Kretowicz, 26 April 2008