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Yezidi (Iraq)

Yazidi, ئێزیدی, يزيدي

Last modified: 2019-06-06 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: yesidi | iraq | triband: horizontal (green-red-yellow) |
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Introduction

Without mixing religion with nationhood, the fact is the Yezidis, in general, consider themselves a separate ethnic group from the Kurds, and in Russia (and several former Soviet republics - i.e. Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine...) they are classified as a minority nation as well.
They are known as Yezidi or Yazidi (ئێزیدی or Êzidî in Kurdish, يزيدي or ايزدييزيدي in Arabic, ܓ̰ܠܟܝܐ in Assyrian/Syriac and Езиды in Russian).

Yazidis make up an important Iraqi minority community. Estimates of the size of the Iraqi communities vary significantly, between 70,000 and 500,000. The Georgian community has declined significantly (decreasing from 30,000 during the 1990s to an estimated 14,000 in 2008), while communities in Armenia have been more stable (some 40,000 according to 2001 census). In Russia, the Yazidi population totals 31,273 (2002 census). In Syria, there are two main groupings, in the Jazira and the Kurd Daege, accounting for about 15,000 people. In Turkey, there are now just a very small remnant in some villages south-east of Diyarbakir, remnants of a community of some 80,000 in 1970 (declined to 23,000 in 1985 and to 377 people in 2007.

The Yazidi number around 200,000 to 300,000 individuals in total, but estimates vary on their population size, partially due to the Yazidi tradition of secrecy when asked about one's religious beliefs. Lower estimates are around 100,000, and high estimates around 700,000. Expatriate Yazidi are concentrated in Germany, numbering between 20,000 and 40,000, mainly in Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia, most of them from Turkey. A much smaller diaspora community is found in the Netherlands. Very small groups are also found in Belgium, Denmark, Sweden, France, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, the US, Canada and Australia, probably totaling to below 5,000 people.

Source: Wikipedia
Chrystian Kretowicz , 10 Apr 2009


Description

The flag of Yezidis (at least in Russia and Caucasus region) is a yellow sun charged in the middle of the red and white, vertical bi-color. The standard (or banner) is white with the primary symbol of the Yezidis, Tawûsê Melek, the peacock angel.
Jaume Ollé reported another flag, that of Iraqi Yezidis, in 2001 Flag Bulletin: green-red-yellow horizontal tri-band.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 10 Apr 2009


Resistance flag

image located by Victor Lomantsov, 05 March 2015

"ÊzdPress - English
New uniforms of the Ezidi force: Defense Unit of Shingal [HPS]. Resistance flag and coat of arms of the Ezidi combat unit"
Photo from https://www.facebook.com/EzidiPressEn/photos/a.585583488186402.1073741828.585063681571716/777522355659180/?type=1&theater
Victor Lomantsov, 05 March 2015


2017 flag

image located by Eugene Ipavec, 2 March 2018

Democratic autonomy has been declared at a press conference in Shengal town, Southern Kurdistan: https://anfenglish.com/kurdistan/democratic-autonomy-declared-in-shengal-21644, where this flag is widely shown.
Pascal Prince, 30 August 2017

Presumably this is the flag of the autonomous entity they are petitioning the Iraqi government to grant them? Or of the Shengal Democratic Autonomous Assembly, which issued the declaration?

The flag is horizontally divided 1:2, with a large 24-rayed golden sun in the lower green band and seven golden stars in a line in the upper red band, the center star being larger than the rest.

image located by Eugene Ipavec, 2 March 2018

The two flags visible in the photos both look like manufactured articles but differ somewhat: the larger one has a "fatter" sun with shorter rays, and longer proportions, while the smaller flag is 2:3. Only the small example's upper band is visible; the larger one's is obscured, so it might not have the same charges.
Eugene Ipavec, 2 March 2018

This flag is a few years old, and used by the police of Sinjar, as you can see in the chart at https://twitter.com/lcarabinier/status/800394648711639040 (and many other sites). Also I have photos with this flag on the side of a poster with the inscription Academy of Sindjar Guard.
Jaume Ollé, 2 March 2018


Protection Force of zdxan

This is a Yazidi flag, and to be more precise, the flag used by the Protection Force of zdxan or HP (Hza Parastina zdxan), a Yazidi militia founded by Haydar Shesho in the summer of 2014 in response to the genocide of Yazidis by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The militia was known as the Protection Force of Sinjar until November 2015, when it changed its name to HP. It was bigger but less active than the other main Yazidi militia, the Sinjar Resistance Units. (Source on Wikipedia)
Olivier Touzeau, 17 October 2018