Last modified: 2022-12-17 by ian macdonald
Keywords: shi'a | militia | shi'ite | badr |
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image by Zoltan Horvath, 20 June 2014
"The Badr Organization (Arabic: منظمة بدر) previously known as the Badr
Brigades or Badr Corps
is an Iraqi political
party. The Badr Brigade was the Iran-officered military wing of the
Iran-based Shia Islamist party, Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution
in Iraq (SCIRI), formed in 1982. Since the 2003 invasion of Iraq most
of Badr's fighters have entered the new Iraqi army and police force.
Politically, Badr Brigade and ISCI were considered to be one party
since 2003, but have now unofficially separated with the Badr
Organization now an Iraqi political party. Badr militiamen are still
occasionally being reported by national media as active.
The organization was set up in Iran in 1982 as the military wing of the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq. It was based in Iran for two decades during the rule of Saddam Hussein and led by Iranian officers. It consisted of several thousand Iraqi exiles, refugees, and defectors who fought alongside Iranian troops in the Iran-Iraq War. The group was armed and directed by Iran."
For additional information go to: Badr Organization (official website)
The flag is seen here.
Esteban Rivera, 17 June 2014
image by Pete Loeser, 2
based on photo located by Zoltan Horvath, 18 November 2019
"The Badr Brigade is an Iranian militia based in Iraq that is currently part of the Iraqi Popular Mobilization Units [PMU]." (c. 2019). In the middle of the flag the short yellow word reads: "Badr".
Bill Garrison, 18 November 2019
Citation: Badr Organization (bottom line reads: منظمة بدر Munaẓẓama Badr : Organization Badr ) Iraq, c. Jan. 2016;
William Garrison, 26 March 2020
Badr Organization: Martyr Sadr Forces. A clear picture of their logo can be found on
Jihad Intel (part of The Middle East Forum).
According to them: "The Badr Organization, previously known as the Badr Brigades, originated as an Iranian-backed armed wing of the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI, since rebranded the Supreme Islamic Council of Iraq), which is closest to Iran ideologically of the main Shi'a political groupings in Iraq. Since the 2003 invasion, however, the Badr Organization has effectively split off from the Supreme Islamic Council to form its own political and armed wing, acting as a direct proxy of Iran. Over the course of the Syrian civil war, the Badr Organization has deployed fighters to Syria under the banner of the Martyr Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr Forces to push back against Syrian rebels. Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr was the father-in-law of cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. He had supported the Iranian Revolution and serves as a wide figure of inspiration for Iraq's Shi'a political groups. Since the outbreak of the wider Sunni insurgency in Iraq, the Badr Organization's military wing has been involved in fighting in Anbar, Samarra, and other areas." (Source)
I've also seen the design with the colors reversed, i.e. green pattern on a yellow field.
Pete Loeser, 2 July 2022
According to an article by Jeffrey Fleishman and Azadeh Moaveni, published in the Los Angeles Times
and partially translated in French by Courrier International (#645, 13 March 2003), the Badr Brigade
is a militia composed of Iraqi Shi'ites. The Brigade is currently located in the valley of the river
Sirwan, in Iraqi Kurdistan. There are about 10,000 fighters, supported by Iran and supposed to protect
the area against the Turks. The brigade is the militia of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution
in Iraq (SCIRI), an organization founded in 1982 by Mohammed Bakr Hakim, an Iraqi Shi'ite exiled in Teheran. Iran
hopes that the Brigade would help eradication of the Mujaheddin-e-Khalq, a radical
group supported by Baghdad and opposed to Iran, although the main goal of the Brigade is to get rid of Saddam Hussein.
The article says that "[The men] are prepared to fight behind red and white flags proclaiming
"There is no God but Allah". The French translation seems to indicate that each flag is red and
white, but unfortunately nothing is said on the specific flag design.
Ivan Sache, 18 March 2003
The flag of the Badr Corps is red with a yellow Arabic inscription and above it a shahada (the Muslim creed),
all a bit stylized.
Jaume Ollé, 23 October 2003
image located by William Garrison, 26 March 2020
There's a variant flag, with the same pattern as the already one reported,
but in white background, as seen
here (the logo is a bit bigger in proportion to the flag).
Esteban Rivera, 30 September 2014
image local by Bill Garrison, 13 November 2022
From https://jihadintel.meforum.org/identifier/481/martyr-sadr-forces-flag, a green-field flag with yellow logo identifying this as the "Martyr Sadr Forces" (Arabic: "Quat al-Shaheed al-Sadr") [not to be confused with the "Badr Organization" deployed to Syria].
The "Martyr Sadr Forces" is a Shia-Muslim militia operating in Iraq. It is
tied to the "Da'wah Party-Tanzum al-Iraq", a pro-(Shia)Iranian break-off from
the original "Da'wah Party". "Martyr Sadr" is a reference to "Ayatollah Muhammed
Baqir al-Sadr", who founded the original "Da'wah Party" and was assassinated by
Saddam Hussein's regime in April 1980. Baqir was father-in-law to Muqtada
al-Sadr (a leading 2020s politician in Baghdad), a cousin of Muhammed Sadeq
al-Sadr (assassinated Feb. 1999), and Imam Musa as-Sadr (disappeared Aug. 1978).
Bill Garrison, 13 November 2022