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Hermisende (Municipality, Castilla y León, Spain)

Last modified: 2015-01-10 by ivan sache
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Presentation of Hermisende

The municipality of Hermisende (324 inhabitants; 10,875 ha; municipal website) is located in the region of Upper Sanabria, on the border with Galicia and Portugal, 150 km from Zamora. The municipality is made of the villages of Hermisende (capital), Castrelos, Castromil, La Tejera and San Ciprián de Hermisende.

Located on the border between Spain and Portugal, the villages of Hermisende were a matter of dispute, more or less settled by an ad hoc commission in the 14th century. During the Portuguese Restoration War (1640), the three Portuguese villages of São Cibrao, Ermesende and Teixeira were the only ones in Trás-os-Montes region to reject the restored Portuguese king John IV; accordingly, they were incorporated into the Kingdom of Spain as San Ciprián, Hermisende and La Tejera.
The inhabitants of the villages of Hermisende speak a local dialect strongly influenced by Portuguese and Galician.

Ivan Sache, 16 December 2010

Symbols of Hermisende

The flag (photo, Town Hall) and arms of Hermisende are prescribed by a Decree adopted on 2 April 2005 by the Municipal Council, signed on 8 September 2005 by the Mayor, and published on 29 September 2005 in the official gazette of Castilla y León, No. 189, p. 16,608 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular flag, with proportions 1:2, made of three equal diagonal stripes, the upper blue, the middle red and the lower green, in the middle the municipal coat of arms in full colors.
Coat of arms: Per fess, 1a. Vert a church or masoned sable, 2a. Or a chestnut proper fructed or surrounded sinister by a wolf sable armed and langued or, 2b. Gules a four-arched bridge on waves argent and azure charged with five trouts argent. The shield surmounted with the Royal Spanish crown.

Hermisende is famous for its chestnut groves, recently revamped and producing 200 t of chestnuts each year, sold on local markets or exported to Brazil, France and Italy. Wolves are common in the neighboring mountains. The bridge must represent the bridge over river Tuela.

Ivan Sache, 11 December 2010