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Bargas (Municipality, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain)

Last modified: 2020-03-28 by ivan sache
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Flag of Bargas - Image by Ivan Sache, 8 September 2019

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Presentation of Bargas

The municipality of Bargas (10,002 inhabitants in 2014; 8,948 ha) is located 10 km north of Toledo.

Ivan Sache, 8 September 2019

Symbols of Bargas

The flag of Bargas is prescribed in a Decree adopted on 9 September 2008 by the Government of Castilla-La Mancha and published on 25 September 2008 in the official gazette of Castilla-La Mancha, No. 198, p. 30,294 (text).
The flag is described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular, in proportions 2:3, diagonally divided from the upper hoist to the lower fly, the upper part, yellow, and the lower part, crimson red, charged in the center with the crowned coat of arms of the municipality.

The coat of arms of Bargas is prescribed by Royal Decree No. 818, adopted on 30 March 1978 and published on 25 April 1978 in the Spanish official gazette, No. 98, p. 9,590 (text).
The coat of arms, approved on 5 October 1977 by the Municipal Council, is described as follows:

Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. Gules a fountain supplying water argent, 2. Argent four waves azure. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.

The memoir supporting the proposed arms was redcated by Emilio García Rodríguez, Archivist-Librarian at the Provincial Council of Toledo. The first quarter features the fountain of Val de Olivas, near which Bargas was originally established by Pedro Ibáñez de Vargas; the village was relocated to upper lands in the middle of the 13th century. The second quarter is made of the arms of the Vargas lineage, founder of the village. In the original proposal, the shield is surmounted by a crown open from which raises an arm armed argent holding a branch of olive proper, recalling the heroism of Diego Pérez de Vargas during the battle of Jerez (1232). The proposed arms, adopted on 29 March 1976 by the Municipal Council, were validated by the Royal Academy of History, provided some modifications are implemented - including the swapping of azure and argent in the second quarters, and, undoubtedly, the replacement of the "whimsical" crown by a Royal crown closed.

The heraldist José-Domingo Vales Vía discussed the coat of arms in the Bargas municipal bulletin (undated; text). The author claims that too much emphasis is put on the fountain, which is an "embellished" representation of the original monument. He further points out that the genuine arms of the Vargas lineage included only three waves. Finally, the author believes that the arm with the olive branch should be represented, due to its historical and allegoric relevance. Accordingly, he proposes an alternative coat of arms, "Argent three waves azure an arm armed or holding a branch of olive vert".

Ivan Sache, 8 September 2019