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Carboneros (Municipality, Andalusia, Spain)

Last modified: 2017-02-04 by ivan sache
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Flag of Carboneros - Image from the Símbolos de Jaén website, 22 January 2017

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Presentation of Carboneros

The municipality of Carboneros (630 inhabitants in 2016; 5,800 ha; municipal website) is located 60 km north of Jaén.

Carboneros is one of the New Settlements of Sierra Morena and Andalusia, established by Royal Letters (text) signed on 5 July 1767 in Madrid by King Charles III. The document contains "instructions and the settlement charter to be applied in those [settlements] newly established in the Sierra Morena with natives and Roman Catholic foreigners". The Preamble of the Letters states that Pablo de Olavide, Knight of the Order of St. James, "Assistant" of the king in Seville and Intendent of the Army of Andalusia, is appointed Superintendant General in charge of the direction of the new settlements to be established in Sierra Morena. The king "proposes" that Juan Gaspar de Thurriégel, of Bavarian citizenship and Roman Catholic religion, introduces 6,000 Roman Catholic, German and Flemish colonists in the kingdom.
In the early 19th century, the village counted 515 inhabitants, mostly living from the production of olive oil. Population increased to 983 in the beginning of the 20th century.

Ivan Sache, 22 January 2017

Symbols of Carboneros

The flag of Carboneros (photo, photo, photo) is horizontally divided light blue-white-green (1:2:1) with the municipal coat of arms in the middle. Neither the flag not the arms appear to have been officially registered.
The flag is, undoubtedly, derived from the flag designed in 1990 by Josí María Suárez Gallego for the Cultural Community of the New Settlements of Sierra Morena and Andalusia, with the substitution of the municipal arms to the emblem of the Community.

The coat of arms of Carboneros is "Quarterly, 1. Gules a castle or masoned sable port and windows azure, 2. argent a lion gules, 3. Or a charcoal kiln smoking proer, 4. Azure a tree vert on a base proper. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown open."
The upper part of the shield recalls the Royal foundation of the town. The kiln makes the arms canting, carboneros meaning "charcoal burners". The tree represents the forest resources of the Sierra Morena.

Ivan Sache, 22 January 2017