Last modified: 2016-06-01 by ivan sache
Keywords: arroyo del ojanco |
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Flag of Arroyo del Ojanco - Image from the Símbolos de Jaén website, 30 November 2015
The municipality of Arroyo del Ojanco (2,455 inhabitants in 2014; 5,721 ha; municipal website) is located 120 km north-east of Jaén.
Arroyo del Ojanco was established in the 19th century, being known under different names: Las Ventas, Arroyo de los Ancos. Las Ventas de la Camposanta, and, eventually Arroyo del Ojanco. Aspiration to separation from Beas de Segura emerged in the 1950s, to be eventually fulfilled in 2001.
The municipality of Arroyo del Ojanco was originally established by Decree No. 469, adopted on 13 December 1994 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 28 January 1995 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 16, pp. 895-896 (text).
The majority of the inhabitants of Arroyo del Ojanco adopted on 15 June 1984 a document requiring the separation from Beas de Segura. On 14 July 1984, the Municipal Council of Beas de Segura opposed to the separation. The Provincial Council of Jaén approved the separation on 5 May 1989, but the State Council rejected it on 13 December 1990. The Superior Court of Justice of Andalusia partially approved the separation on 5 April 1993. Appeals submitted by the Government of Andalusia and the Municipality of Beas de Segura were first approved, and subsequently rejected after the commission promoting the separation had forwarded supplementary material. The Government of Andalusia eventually approved on 7 May 1993 the decision of the Superior Court of Justice.
The execution of the aforementioned Decree was suspended by an Order released on 2 February 1995 by the Government of Andalusia, mostly for procedural issues. The suspension was eventually lifted by an Order released on 12 March 2001 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 3 April 2001 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 39 (text).
The Fuentebuena olive tree is the symbol of Arroyo del Ojanco. Registered as a Natural Monument by the Government of Andalusia, the millenary tree is 10 m in height; the circumference of the trunk is more than 4 m. The volume of the foliage was estimated to 260 cubic meters. In 1800, the tree produced 850 kg of olives. A tradition says that the tree was planted by friars after the Reconquest to produce oil required for the religious ceremonies. Another tradition claims that the tree emerged from a branch blessed on Palm Sunday and planted on Easter Monday.
Ivan Sache, 30 November 2015
The flag (photo) and arms of Arroyo del Ojanco, adopted on 3 December 2009 by the Municipal Council and submitted on 21 January 2010 to the Directorate General of the Local Administration, are prescribed by a Resolution adopted on 2 February 2010 by the Directorate General of the Local Administration and published on 19 February 2010 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 20, pp. 33-34 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:
Flag: Rectangular, in length 3/2 the width, made of four horizontal stripes running from the hoist to the fly: two celestial blue and two silver, of equal length and width, in turn celestial blue and white. Charged with the crowned coat of arms of the place, its geometrical axis fitted to the flag's center, in height 2/5 of the flag's width, featured on the two sides of the flag.
Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. Argent a Cross of St. James gules, 2. Or waves azure and argent surmounted by a human eye proper. Grafted in base, azure an olive tree vert on a base of the same. A bordure gules inscribed in letters argent "Deus magna fecit mihi, constantia libera" (God made me great, with a free mind). The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.
The Cross of St. James is featured on the arms of Beas de Segura, Arroyo del Ojanco's mother municipality. The second quarter is canting: the waves represents Arroyo ("a brook") and the single eye Ojanco ("a cyclops"). The third quarter represents the main source of income in the municipality. The motto in the bordure is a not-so-veiled allusion to the long dispute with Beas de Segura for municipal emancipation.
[Símbolos de Jaén website]
Ivan Sache, 30 November 2015