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Rociana del Condado (Municipality, Andalusia, Spain)

Last modified: 2016-12-20 by ivan sache
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Flag of Rociana del Condado - Image from the Símbolos de Huelva website, 4 September 2016

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Presentation of Rociana del Condado

The municipality of Rociana del Condado (7,643 inhabitants in 2015; 10,682 ha; municipal website) is located 40 km north-east of Huelva. Originally known as Rociana, the municipality was renamed Rociana del Condado in 1959, mostly to promote the local wines.

Ivan Sache, 4 September 2016

Symbols of Rociana del Condado

The flag (photo, photo, photo, photo) and arms of Rociana del Condado, adopted on 13 September 1990 and promulgated on 28 March 1996 by the Municipal Council, are prescribed by Decree No. 263, adopted on 28 May 1996 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 27 July 1996 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 86, pp. 8,577-8,578 (text). This was confirmed by a Resolution adopted on 30 November 2004 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 20 December 2004 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 246, pp. 28,986-29,002 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular, in proportions 11 x 18, made of three parallel stripes perpendicular to the hoist, blue, white, and blue, the first and the third covering 1/4 of the [flag's] width and the second 2/4. Charged in the center with the coat of arms.
Coat of arms: Azure a palm tree eradicated argent surrounded by two caldrons chequy or and gules handled with seven snakes salient vert on each side [...]. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.

The Royal Academy of History rejected an early proposal of arms.
The seal used by the municipality at the end of the 19th century featured a palm tree as a distinctive emblem. Its use as proper arms is confirmed by Municipal Ordinances dated 1872. The palm tree was then surrounded by charges connected with the House of Niebla and Medina Sidonia, the caldrons and other described below.
La Palma del Condado, where the trees are surrounded by caldrons. The use of the palm tree and the caldrons on the arms of Rociana is, therefore, appropriate, but displayed in a different way for the sake of differentiation.
The proposed design inappropriately includes Portuguese quinas, taken from the bordure of the arms of Acuña, which, joint with the caldrons of Pacheco, form the arms of the House of Villena and Escalona, also used, as maternal arms, on the greater arms of one of the Dukes of Medina Sidonia. There is no reason to include these charges in the arms of a municipality once part of the County of Niebla based on such a remote, third-level connection. The arms of Castile and León, taken form the bordure of the arms of Guzmán, are inappropriate, either.

The Academy validated the proposed flag, similar to the design eventually adopted, provided the respective proportions of the stripes are given and an accepted coat of arms is used in the center.
[Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia 1990, 189:3, 512]

The symbols, amended by Juan José Antequera, were validated on 30 June 1995 by the Royal Academy of Córdoba.
[Juan José Antequera. Principios de transmisibilidad en las heráldicas officiales de Sevilla, Córdoba y Huelva]

Ivan Sache, 4 September 2016