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Cilleruelo de Abajo (Municipality, Castilla y León, Spain)

Last modified: 2019-01-13 by ivan sache
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Flag of Cilleruelo de Abajo - Image from the Escudos y Banderas de la Provincia de Burgos website, 16 January 2014

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Presentation of Cilleruelo de Abajo

The municipality of Cilleruelo de Abajo (268 inhabitants in 2012; 4,816 ha; municipal website) is located in the south of the Province of Burgos, 20 km from Lerma and 60 km from Burgos.

Cilleruelo de Abajo was mentioned in a document of the bishopric of Burgos dated form the early 13th century, as Celleruel de Hañuequez. Cilleruelo was derived from cilla, "a grain barn". The village was founded in the early 10th century by the re-settler Fañe Ovéquez, five leagues south of the village, deserted for long, of Santa María de Añuequez, previously established by the very same Ovéquez. King Alfonso X subsequently purchased the village from Juan Pérez de Guzmán and donated it on 14 April 1279 to the Las Huelgas monastery in Burgos. The donation act, signed in Toledo, was initialled by Queen Violante, Crown Princess Constanza and the highest civil, religious and military dignitaries of the Court.

Ivan Sache, 16 January 2014

Symbols of Cilleruelo de Abajo

The flag of Cilleruelo de Abajo (photo) is rectangular, in proportions 2:3, made of two triangles, green at lower hoist and red at upper fly, separated by a yellow bend charged with the municipal coat of arms.

The coat of arms of Cilleruelo de Abajo is prescribed by a Decree adopted on 13 May 1999 by the Burgos Provincial Government, signed on 31 May 1999 by the President of the Government, and published on 2 June 1999 in the official gazette of Castilla y León, No. 104 (text).
The coat of arms, which was validated by the Chronicler of Arms of Castille y León, is described as follows:

Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. The arms of Castile, 2. Gules a pillory [photo] or with 16 steps, three storeys and a waterpipe on top ensigned by two swords of the same per saltire. Grafted in base, vert a bread loaf or. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.

Ivan Sache, 16 January 2014