Last modified: 2015-09-06 by ivan sache
Keywords: líjar |
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Flag of Líjar - Image from the Símbolos de Almería website, 9 May 2014
The municipality of Líjar (448 inhabitants in 2013; 2,800 ha; municipal website) is located 90 km north of Almería.
A 100-years' war (1883-1893) opposed Líjar to France. After young Spanish king Alfonso XII had been insulted during a visit in Paris in 1883, Líjar declared war to France. Noone was killed or ever injured, since not a single battle was fought; accordingly, a peace treaty was signed on 30 October 1983.
The flag and arms of Líjar, adopted on 23 April 1993 by the Municipal Council and validated on 12 November 1993 by the Royal Academy of Cordóba, are prescribed by Decree No. 29, adopted on 8 February 1994 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 18 March 1994 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 34, p. 2,101 (text). This was confirmed by a Decree adopted on 30 November 2004 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 20 December 2004 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 246, pp. 28,986-29,002 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:
Flag: Rectangular flag, in proportions 1:2, horizontally divided into five stripes of equal height, green, white, green, white, and green. In the center of the flag is placed a white [shown in gray] olive tree.
Coat of arms: Per fess, 1. Azure an olive tree argent issuant from mounds or, 2. Vert two fesses argent. The shield surmounted by a Royal Spanish crown.
The olive tree represents a significant source of income for several families. The mountains allude to the local orography. Green and white symbolize the deposits of serpentine and asbestos, resepctively, found on the municipal territory.
[Símbolos de las Entidades Locales de Andalucía. Almería (PDF file)]
Klaus-Michael Schneider & Ivan Sache, 4 November 2012