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Modern Phalangist parties (Spain)

Last modified: 2019-02-10 by ivan sache
Keywords: falange | patria libra |
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Falange Española de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacionalsindicalista

[Flag]         [Flag]

Flags of the FE-JONS - Images by Santiago Dotor, 1 February 1999, after a flag purchased at the Valle de los Caídos memorial, and by Ivan Sache, 6 August 1999, as shown by Smith [smi75c]]

FE-JONS was founded in 1976 by reorganization of the Frente Nacional Español (Spanish National Front), a civic association founded by a faction of the Falange Española de las JONS, whose name it had taken, declaring itself its only legitimate successor.
This attitude was certainly helpful in attracting other neo-Phalangist groups which have been merging into it, such as Círculos Doctrinales José Antonio (José Antonio Doctrinal Circles) (1979), Falange Española Independiente (Independent Spanish Phalanx) (2004), and Mesa Nacional Falangista (National Phalangist Gathering) (2012). However, the claim has no legal basis, so when some of its members left in 1999 to found La Falange (The Phalanx), the FE-JONS was unable to prevent them from using the name by a lawsuit, which it lost, since the said name was only used unofficially by the FE-JONS. Apart from that particular episode, the party has been maintaining good relations with other ultra-rightist groups in Spain, often joining them in coalitions for the purpose of elections (never achieving significant results); since 2018, this has included the former comrades turned rivals from La Falange as well (whether it would lead to a subsequent re-unification, is still too early to tell).
[Wikipedia (English); Wikipedia (Spanish)]

Along with the name, FE-JONS also adopted the flag of its pre-1937 predecessor: vertically divided red-black-red, with a red yoke and arrows in the center of the black field. The flag's proportions may vary somewhat, as well as the length of black field (may be either equal with or greater than that of red fields) and the shape of yoke and arrows (photos). In the 2000s and early 2010s, the party has used a modernized logo in which a white yoke and arrows were superimposed on three trapezoids, the black one placed between two red ones; this resembles a flag which is known to have been used by Phalangist Blue Division in the German Army on the Eastern Front of World War II; still the said flag seems not to have been used, the color of emblem being invariably red when used on the flags. Later in 2010ss, a simplified logo was adopted, in shape of a red square with rounded top left and bottom right corners, charged with five white arrows emerging from a point close to the bottom left corner; this had no impact on the flag design either. This logo was recently simplified further, with white arrows placed on a simple red square, but the flag has remained unchanged.

Tomislav Todorović,22 November 2019

Patria Libre


Flag of Patria Libre - Image by Jaume Ollé, 18 November 1999

Patria Libre is the youth group tof the FE-JONS.

J.L.H., 18 November 1999

La Falange


Flag of La Falange - Images by Tomislav Todorović, 24 November 2018

La Falange was founded in 1999 as FE-La Falange after a split in the FE-JONS, which tried to prevent it from using the name by a lawsuit, which it lost in 2004. In 2006, La Falange split as well, with both groups continuing to use the name until 2009, when the court ruling decided on the legal succession. During that time, neither faction used the name in the elections: the one which was eventually granted its use, had run the elections as the Frente Español (Spanish Front), while the other faction had used the name Frente Nacional (National Front), and was eventually registered as such, to be disbanded in 2011. La Falange has eventually formed a coalition with FE-JONS and several other ultra-rightist groups in 2018.
[Wikipedia (English); Wikipedia (Spanish)]

[Flag]         [Flag]

Flag of La Falange - Images by Tomislav Todorović, 24 November 2018

Beside the Falange's original flag (photo), FE uses a flag made of its emblem on a blue field (photo, photo, photo photo), and a Spanish flag defaced with a black rendition of the yoke and arrows (photo, photo). In 2008, La Phalange had used a different variant of the Spanish flag with yoke and arrows, in which the emblem was smaller (completely placed within the yellow field) and simpler (no openings in the yoke).

Tomislav Todorović & Ivan Sache, 23 November 2018

Frente Nacional


Flag of FrN - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 18 January 2014

The Frente Nacional was founded in 2006 after the split in La Falange ( and operated under that name until 2009, when it was granted to the rival faction by the court ruling and the party officially adopted the name which it had previously used for the purpose of elections; it never achieved any significant success and disbanded itself in 2011.

The flag of the FrN (photos; photo, photo, photo) was blue, with the party name inscribed in white in two rows and a yellow-red quartered oblique shield, fimbriated white and placed in the top fly corner. The shield and inscription on a blue field were also used as the party logo (photo). While yellow and red were used as the national colors, blue, as the color of Phalangist shirt, was probably the only remaining reference to the origins of the party.

Tomislav Todorović, 18 January 2014